Gene Chandler

Gene Chandler (born Eugene Drake Dixon July 6, 1937) is an American singer, songwriter, music producer, and record-label executive. Chandler is nicknamed "the Duke of Earl" or, simply, "the Duke." He is best known for his most successful songs, "Duke of Earl" and "Groovy Situation", and his association with the Dukays, the Impressions, and Curtis Mayfield.

Gene Chandler
Gene Chandler.jpg
Background information
Birth nameEugene Drake Dixon
Also known asThe Duke of Earl, the Duke
Born (1937-07-06) July 6, 1937 (age 83)
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
Genres
Occupation(s)
  • Singer-songwriter
  • record producer
  • record company executive
  • music publisher
Associated acts
Websitewww.genechandler.com

Chandler is a Grammy Hall of Fame inductee and a recipient of the Rhythm and Blues Foundation's Pioneer Award.[1] He is one of the few singers to achieve chart success spanning the doo-wop, rhythm and blues, soul and disco musical eras, with some Top-40 pop and R&B chart hits between 1961 and 1986. Chandler was inducted as a performer into the Rhythm and Blues Music Hall of Fame on August 24, 2014. In 2016, he became a double inductee in the R&B Music Hall of Fame with his induction as an R&B music pioneer.

Early yearsEdit

Chandler was born Eugene Drake Dixon in Chicago on July 6, 1937.[2][3] He attended Englewood High School on the city's South Side.[1] Chandler began performing during the early 1950s with the Gaytones. He joined the Dukays with James Lowe, Shirley Jones, Earl Edwards and Ben Broyles in 1957, soon becoming their lead singer. After being drafted into the U.S. Army, Chandler returned to Chicago in 1960 and rejoined the Dukays.[1]

CareerEdit

The Dukays were offered a recording contract by Nat Records and recorded "The Girl Is a Devil" (1961), a single, with producers Carl Davis and Bill "Bunky" Sheppard. This was followed by a session in August 1961 which resulted in four songs, including "Nite Owl" and "Duke of Earl". Nat Records released "Nite Owl", and it became an R&B success by the end of the year. Davis and Sheppard shopped "Duke of Earl" to Vee-Jay Records, which released it in 1962 by Dixon (known as Gene Chandler).

"Duke of Earl" sold one million copies in a little over a month,[4] and was awarded a gold disc by the RIAA.[5] After the song spent three weeks at number one on the Billboard charts, Chandler purchased a cape, monocle, cane and top hat and advertised himself as the Duke of Earl. He appeared in costume singing "Duke of Earl" in Don't Knock the Twist, a 1962 film featuring Chubby Checker.[6] Chandler's concerts became popular, and he performed encores – usually "Rainbow", a Curtis Mayfield song.

Chandler left Vee-Jay in the autumn of 1963 and recorded for Constellation Records, another Chicago company. After Constellation went bankrupt in 1966, he was contracted to Chess and then to Brunswick Records; for a time, Chess and Brunswick alternated in releasing Chandler's recordings. He had Top-20 hits with Constellation with "Just Be True" (1964) and "Nothing Can Stop Me" (1965), both written by Curtis Mayfield and produced by Carl Davis.

Other successes included "What Now," "Rainbow," "I Fooled You This Time," "Think Nothing About It," "A Man's Temptation," "To Be a Lover," "Rainbow '65" (recorded live at Chicago's Regal Theater), "Bless Our Love" and "You Can't Hurt Me No More."[7] Chandler was also successful with his cover version of James Brown's "There Was A Time" and "You Threw A Lucky Punch", released as an answer song to Mary Wells' Motown hit "You Beat Me To The Punch."

After several years performing concerts, Chandler decided to become more involved with music production. He formed a production company and two record labels: Bamboo and Mister Chand. Chandler produced a hit with "Groovy Situation", released on Mercury Records in 1970, which reached number 12 on the Billboard Hot 100 and number eight on the Billboard R&B charts: his second-greatest success, after "Duke Of Earl". "Groovy Situation" sold over a million copies and was certified gold by the RIAA in November of that year.[8]

Chandler had produced "Backfield In Motion" in 1969 for Mel and Tim on Bamboo Records, which reached number three on the R&B chart and the top 10 of the Billboard Hot 100. He followed this in 1970 with "Good Guys Only Win In The Movies" for the duo; the song reached number 17 on the R&B chart and number 45 on the pop-music chart.

Later that year, Chandler recorded the album Gene and Jerry: One on One with fellow Chicago artist Jerry Butler. He also sang with the Impressions and Curtis Mayfield on the live album, Curtis in Chicago (1973). Chandler sang on Arthur Louis's album, Knocking on Heaven's Door (1974), with Eric Clapton. A period with Curtom Records, a label co-founded by Mayfield, resulted in four self-produced singles; none charted.

Chandler was again successful with disco-style music during the late 1970s, creating hits with his former producer Carl Davis which included "Get Down" (1978), "When You're #1" and "Does She Have A Friend?" Appointed executive vice-president of Davis' Chi-Sound Records, he worked with reggae singer Johnny Nash. A late-1970 interest in older musicians inspired disc jockey Wolfman Jack to organize a tour, including vintage acts such as Chandler.

"Duke of Earl" was sampled by Cypress Hill on "Hand on the Pump" from their album, Cypress Hill (1991), and Chandler's song "Hallelujah, I Love Her So" was sampled on their album Black Sunday (1993). In 1997, he received a Pioneer Award from the Rhythm and Blues Foundation.

In 1988, "Duke of Earl" was included on the soundtrack of Hairspray; "Groovy Situation" appeared on Anchorman: Music from the Motion Picture (2004).[9] In 2002, "Duke Of Earl" was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame.[10] "Duke Of Earl" was selected by the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as one of its "500 Songs That Shaped Rock and Roll".[11] In 2016, Chandler was honored in his hometown of Chicago by having a street named after him for his industry accomplishments, hit records, and his civic and philanthropic efforts for the city and its people.[12]

DiscographyEdit

AlbumsEdit

 
Chandler in his Duke of Earl costume (1997)

Solo releases and collaborations:[13]

  • The Duke Of Earl (Vee Jay 1962)
  • Live On Stage In ‘65 (Constellation 1965)
  • The Girl Don’t Care (Brunswick 1967)
  • The Duke Of Soul (Checker 1967)
  • There Was A Time (Brunswick 1968)
  • The Two Sides Of Gene Chandler (Brunswick 1969)
  • The Gene Chandler Situation (Mercury 1970), with Jerry Butler
  • Gene And Jerry – One & One (Mercury 1971)
  • Get Down (20th Century 1978)
  • When You’re Number One (20th Century 1979)
  • ‘80 (20th Century 1980),
  • Here’s To Love (20th Century 1981),
  • Your Love Looks Good On Me (Fastfire 1985)

Chart singlesEdit

Year Single Chart Positions
US Pop[14] US
R&B
[15]
UK[16]
1961 "The Girl's a Devil"
The Dukays
64
1962 "Duke of Earl" 1 1
"Nite Owl"
The Dukays
73
"Walk on with the Duke"
The Duke of Earl
91
"Rainbow" /
"You Threw a Lucky Punch"
47
49
11
25
1963 "Man's Temptation" 71 17
1964 "Soul Hootenanny" 92 n/a[17]
"Just Be True" 19 4 (cb)
"Bless Our Love" 39 n/a[17]
"What Now" 40 18
1965 "You Can't Hurt Me No More" 92 40
"Nothing Can Stop Me" 18 3
"(Gonna Be) Good Times" 92 40
"Rainbow '65" 69 2
1966 "(I'm Just a) Fool for You" 88
"I Fooled You This Time" 45 3
1967 "The Girl Don't Care" 66 16
"To Be a Lover" 94 9
"There Goes the Lover" 98 46
1968 "Show Me the Way to Go"
Gene Chandler and Barbara Acklin
30
"Nothing Can Stop Me" (reissue) 41
"River of Tears" 19
"There Was a Time" 82 22
"From the Teacher to the Preacher"
Gene Chandler and Barbara Acklin
57 16
1970 "Groovy Situation" 12 8
"Simply Call It Love" 75 29
1971 "You Just Can't Win (By Making the Same Mistake)"
Gene Chandler and Jerry Butler
94 32
"You're a Lady" 116 14
"Ten and Two (Take This Woman Off the Corner)"
Gene Chandler and Jerry Butler
126 44
1972 "Yes I'm Ready (If I Don't Get to Go)" 47
1978 "Tomorrow I May Not Feel the Same" 51
"Get Down" 53 3 11
1979 "When You're #1" 99 31 43
"Do What Comes So Natural" 73
1980 "Does She Have a Friend?" 101 28 28
"Lay Me Gently" 73
1982 "I'll Make the Living If You Make the Loving Worthwhile" 40
1983 "You're the One"
Jaime Lynn and Gene Chandler
89
1985 "Haven't I Heard That Line Before" 61
1986 "Lucy" 43

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Gene Chandler Page". Soulwalking.co.uk. July 6, 1937. Retrieved August 18, 2015.
  2. ^ Eagle and LeBlanc, p. 70.
  3. ^ Unterberger, Richie. Gene Chandler Biography at AllMusic. Retrieved September 30, 2018.
  4. ^ Tate, Gary (2008). "Gene 'Duke of Earl' Chandler". Livinblues.com. Archived from the original on April 27, 2008.
  5. ^ Murrells, p. 143.
  6. ^ Don't Knock the Twist (1962), retrieved October 11, 2020
  7. ^ "Gene Chandler – eNotes.com Reference". Enotes.com. Retrieved May 5, 2012.
  8. ^ Murrells, p. 275.
  9. ^ Unterberger, Richie. Gene Chandler Credits at AllMusic. Retrieved September 30, 2018.
  10. ^ "Grammy Hall of Fame". Recording Academy Grammy Awards. Retrieved November 13, 2020.
  11. ^ "500 Songs That Shaped Rock & Roll". Scribd.com. March 22, 2012. Archived from the original on May 30, 2013. Retrieved November 10, 2012.
  12. ^ "Gene Chandler Street Naming 2016". YouTube. December 3, 2016. Retrieved October 24, 2017.
  13. ^ Larkin: "Gene Chandler".
  14. ^ Whitburn (2003), p. 118.
  15. ^ Whitburn (1996), p. 71.
  16. ^ Betts, p. 139.
  17. ^ a b No Billboard R&B chart was published during this period

BibliographyEdit

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit