Open main menu

Wikipedia β

The gilded costume of South Sumatran Gending Sriwijaya dance invoked the splendor of Srivijayan empire.

Gending Sriwijaya is the name of a song and a traditional dance from Palembang, South Sumatra, Indonesia. This song is sung or played during the Gending Sriwijaya dance performance. Both of the song and the dance was created to describes the splendor, cultural refinement, glory and the grandeur of Srivijayan empire that once succeed on unifying the western parts of Indonesian archipelago.[1]

Contents

Gending Sriwijaya song lyricsEdit

The first stanza is the original lyrics of the song, while the second stanza was added later.[2]

Indonesian lyrics Literal English translation
Di kala ku merindukan keluhuran dulu kala
Kutembangkan nyanyi dari lagu Gending Sriwijaya
Dalam seni kunikmatkan lagi zaman bahagia
Kuciptakan kembali dari kandungan Maha Kala
Sriwijaya dengan Asrama Agung Sang Maha Guru
Tutur sabda Dharmapala Sakyakhirti Dharmakhirti
Berkumandang dari puncaknya Siguntang Maha Meru

Menaburkan tuntunan suci Gautama Buddha shakti

Borobudur candi pusaka di zaman Sriwijaya
Saksi luhur berdiri tegak kukuh sepanjang masa
Memasyurkan Indonesia di benua Asia
Melambangkan keagungan sejarah Nusa dan Bangsa
Taman Sari berjenjang emas perlak Shri Ksetra
Dengan kolam pualam bagai di Surga Indralaya
Taman Putri turunan Maharaja Syailendra

Mendendangkan nyanyi irama lagu Gending Sriwijaya

When I'm longing for the ancient nobleness
I will sing the song of Gending Sriwijaya
Through art I will enjoy the happy times
Recreated from the womb of Maha Kala (God of Time)
Sriwijaya with the grand Ashram of The Maha Guru
With the noble words of Dharmapala Sakyakhirti Dharmakhirti
Resonate from the peak of mount Siguntang Maha Meru

Disseminate the holy guidance of sacred Buddha Gautama

Borobudur the heritage temple from Srivijayan era
Noble witness that stand up firm for eternity
Elevated the fame of Indonesia in Asia
Symbolizing the historic grandeur of our homeland
The palace garden tiered with gold linings Shri Ksetra
With marbled pool just like the Indralaya heaven (realm of the God Indra)
The garden of princesses, the daughter of Syailendra Maharaja

Sung the rhyme of Gending Sriwijaya song

Gending Sriwijaya danceEdit

 
Songket-clad Aesan Gede costume, worn by prime lady in Gending Sriwijaya dance performance.

The Gending Sriwijaya dance is an Indonesian traditional dance from Palembang performed to honor and welcome the visiting special guests. The dance is often performed during state ceremonies, luncheons, dinner party or receptions, in front of the state's VIP guests, such as the head of state, president, king, queen and royal guests, minister and ambassador.

The dance is based on the simpler Tanggai dance, and believed as the reenactment and recreation of the original welcoming ceremony commonly found in traditional Malay courts in the region, which demonstrate the Sekapur Sirih (bersirih or menginang) ceremony that offering the honored guests the betel leaf, areca nut and slaked lime. The dance is believed to be originated from the court of Srivijaya, and presented to describe the host’s welcoming hospitality, friendliness, happiness, and sincerity, as well as to demonstrate the beauty, gracefulness and cultured refinement of Srivijayan court.

The dance is performed by nine young and beautiful women, wearing glittering songket-clad traditional costumes called Aesan Gede, completed with Selendang Mantri, Paksangkong and Dodot, and also wearing Tanggai gilded jewelry. These women represent the princesses of Srivijaya, and are guarded by two Pengawal male dancers holding yellow parasols and gilded spears. In the background, a singer would sing the Gending Sriwijaya song during the dance performance, accompanied with gamelan and gongs musical ensemble. Today however, the live singer is often replaced by playing taped recorded music. The simpler version is usually performed without male guardians.

Among the nine female dancers, there is one main dancer that wears the most complete and elaborated jewelries and costume, and acts as the prime lady. In the dance choreography, the prime lady would be the center and the foremost dancer. She holds tepak container as the props of Sekapur Sirih ceremony, and presents betel leaf, areca nut, and slaked lime for the honored guest to enjoy. On her sides, two other female dancers bring pridon, the brass containers traditionally used as spit container after the guests chew the betel nut. Today, however, the honored guest is not required to actually chew and spit out the betel nut, just the simple gesture of receiving or touching the tepak or pekinangan props would be enough. The Sekapur Sirih ceremony originally was only performed by king’s daughter, the princess of Srivijaya, accompanied by other princesses, noble young women, and dayang (ladies in waiting).

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Tambo Kerajaan Sriwijaya
  2. ^ "Lirik Lagu Daerah Sumatera Selatan – Gending Sriwijaya". lirik-lagu.biz, Kumpulan Lirik Lagu Indonesia Koleksi Lirik Lagu Terbaru Indonesia. 

External linksEdit