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Gemeinhardt Co. is the music industry's largest[1] manufacturer of flutes and piccolos. These musical instruments are developed by this company for all levels of musicians, beginners to professionals. It is owned by their major supplier, Angel Industries Co. Ltd of Taiwan, widely acknowledged as the premier manufacturer of woodwind musical instruments.[2] The Gemeinhardt Company is headquartered in Elkhart, Indiana, where many of their instruments are still made.[2]

Gemeinhardt Musical Instruments LLC
FounderKurt Gemeinhardt
United States
Key people
David Pirtle, president and CEO
Productsflutes, piccolos
ParentAngel Industries Co. Ltd



From 1993 to 2011, Gemeinhardt was owned by investment bankers under the corporate name Gemstone Musical Instruments. In June 2011 Gemeinhardt was acquired by Angel Industries Co. Ltd of Taiwan, a manufacturer of instruments and business partner of Gemeinhardt for several years. David Pirtle, president and CEO of Gemeinhardt, says that the acquisition by Angel Industries will allow Gemeinhardt more freedom to make decisions and run production in order to best serve the market.[3]

While many musical instrument brands are made overseas, the partnership between Gemeinhardt and Angel Industries is unique. Gemeinhardt manufactures the flute components (headjoint, body, footjoint, keys) in Elkhart, Indiana USA then sends them to Angel Industries to assemble them. They are then returned to Elkhart, Indiana for testing and adjusting in the Gemeinhardt workshop. David Pirtle, president and CEO of Gemeinhardt, asserts that this is because the parts can be made better in the Gemeinhardt workshop in America. This differs from most brands, which have their flute components manufactured overseas.[3]


Kurt Gemeinhardt was brought to the United States from Markneukirchen, Germany, by George Bundy of Selmer USA company, which had recently relocated to Elkhart, Indiana. Working with Philip H. Marcil in the Selmer flute division, they copied the typical Louis Lot metal flute design for their flutes.[4]

Founded by Kurt Gemeinhardt, a 4th generation flute-maker in Germany, the Gemeinhardt company was established in 1948, 20 years after Gemeinhardt’s immigration to the United States. Initially crafting only very fine hand made flutes for professionals, the company expanded in 1952, moving to Elkhart Indiana to produce all levels of silver flutes. Beginner student flutes were developed at this time as well. It was these flutes that eventually became the bread and butter of the corporation as Gemeinhardt’s reputation for fine beginner flutes became a hallmark of the industry.

Kurt's father had studied under Emil Rittershausen, who had been trained by Theobald Boehm, and so the instruments they produce can trace their lineage back to the creator of the Boehm system.[5]

The Gemeinhardt Company is very popular in the music field, although it hasn't always followed the mainstream. In the mid 1970s Albert Cooper modified the placement of toneholes on the flute so that it would match the common tuning of A at 440 Hz. Before this many flutes were still designed with an older A435Hz tone hole placement (scale), despite being designed to play at A440Hz through the use of a shortened headjoint.[6] Many flute companies recognized this change and therefore his scale and decided to make their flutes in the same way, but the Gemeinhardt Company was slow to modify their design. This in turn makes notes played in the higher register on an old Gemeinhardt flute sharp and the lower register flat. This can cause issues for beginner flutists if they are playing an old Gemeinhardt (pre-21st century), but with practice they can learn to play the flute so that the notes are correct. Otherwise, they may consider buying a newer Gemeinhardt flute.

However, the design of Gemeinhardt's flutes have changed often since then and have been updated and redesigned accordingly.[7]

In 2014 the Gemeinhardt Company introduced a new line of flutes named "The Kurt Gemeinhardt Generation Series" at the National Flute Association's annual convention in Chicago.[8] Consisting of entirely American-made conservatory and professional flutes, this line was developed by Tom Lacy and Dave Siekman.[9] These flutes utilize the RS2012 Scale invented by famous flutists Trevor Wye, William Bennett, and Eldred Spell. This scale design is claimed to be the most accurate on the market.[9][10]

In 1997, Gemeinhardt acquired the Roy Seaman Piccolo Company.[11]

In addition to flutes and piccolos, Gemeinhardt also has a line of saxophones and clarinets.



The Gemeinhardt company sells their flutes in different categories: Student, Conservatory, Professional, Kurt Gemeinhardt Generation Series (American made conservatory and professional flutes) Alto flutes, Bass Flutes, and they also sell headjoints separately.

  • Gemeinhardt models[12]
    • Student Flutes: Model 1SP Flute / Model 2SP Flute / Model 2BLK Flute
    • Conservatory Flutes: Model 2SH Flute / Model 3B Flute / Model 3SHB Flute / Model 3SB Flute
    • Professional Flutes: Model 33SHB Flute / Model 33SB Flute / Model 33SSB Flute / Ali Ryerson Autograph Series Flute
    • Kurt Gemeinhardt Generation Series Flutes: The "Blue" Model Flute / The "White" Model Flute / The "Red" Model Flute / The "Revolution" Model Flute
    • Alto Flutes: Model 11A-BLK Alto Flute / Model 11A Alto Flute / Model 11ASH Alto Flute / Ali Ryerson Artists' Series BLK Alto Flute / Model 11AS Alto Flute
    • Bass Flutes: Model 21BSP Bass Flute / Model 21B-BLK Bass Flute
    • Headjoints: Model J1 headjoint / Model NG1 headjoint / Model NG2 headjoint


All Gemeinhardt and Roy Seaman Piccolos are made in America, except the 1P Piccolo[13]

The Gemeinhardt company also sells piccolos under categories, consisting of: composite, silver, wood, and Roy Seaman brand. The composite piccolo is made out of a synthetic material with some wooden texture to it, metal piccolos can be silver-plated or solid-silver, wood piccolos are made of grenadilla wood and are rarely used outside because the wood can crack, and finally the Roy Seaman Piccolo sub-brand of conservatory and professional piccolos.

  • Gemeinhardt Piccolo models[14]
    • Composite Piccolos - used for outside (Marching Band) and inside (Concert Band/Orchestra): Model 1P Piccolo / Model 4P Piccolo / Model 4PMH Piccolo / Model 4PSH Piccolo
    • Metal Piccolos - used for mainly outside (Marching Band): Model 4SP Piccolo / Model "Stinger" Piccolo / Model 4SH Piccolo / Model 4S Piccolo / Model 4SS Piccolo
    • Wood Piccolos - used mainly for inside (Concert Band/Orchestra): Model 4W Piccolo / Model 4WSSK Piccolo / Model KG Limited Piccolo
    • Roy Seaman Piccolos:[15] Model "Storm" Piccolo / Model "Storm BLK" Piccolo / Model RS Standard Piccolo / Model RS Limited Piccolo


  • Student models: Model GSA500 LQ Alto saxophone / Model GSA600 LQ Alto saxophone / Model GST500 LQ Alto saxophone / Model GST600 LQ Alto saxophone


  • Student models: Model 2CN1 Clarinet / Model 2CS1 Clarinet


  1. ^
  2. ^ a b Gemeinhardt Company Director of Marketing Blog
  3. ^ a b Odendahl, Marilyn (15 July 2011). "Gemeinhardt acquired by Taiwan-based company". The Elkhart Truth. Archived from the original on 22 January 2013. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
  4. ^ Powell, Ardal (2002). The Flute. Yale University Press. p. 231. ISBN 0-300-09341-1.
  5. ^ Gemeinhardt History
  6. ^ Albert Cooper
  7. ^ "eBay Guides - Gemeinhardt 2SP Flute - Everything You Wanted to Know". Retrieved 25 May 2012.
  8. ^
  9. ^ a b
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-02-12. Retrieved 2014-12-05.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^ Gemeinhardt Company Director of Marketing Blog
  14. ^
  15. ^

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