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Mariastella Gelmini

As Gelmini reform (Italian: riforma Gelmini)[1][2][3] commonly refers to the set of acts of Italian Republic – issued during Berlusconi IV Cabinet – concerning the sector of education in Italy.

Enter into force during the term of office Minister of Education, University and Research Mariastella Gelmini between 2008 and 2011, profoundly changed the Moratti reform of 2003.

Contents

General synopsisEdit

Some interventions, contained indeed in some articles of Law 6 August 2008, n. 133, continued with the law 30 October 2008 n. 169, whose main purpose was to reform the entire Italian school system.

The compulsory school [IT] reform took place on 1 September 2009 for the primary and lower secondary schools, while for the Higher Secondary School on 1 September 2010. Regarding the university, Law 240/2010, promulgated on 30 December of the same year, came into force on 1 January 2011.

The actsEdit

Law 6 August 2008, n. 133Edit

The Law-Decree 25 June 2008, n. 112 [IT] (Disposizioni urgenti per lo sviluppo economico, la semplificazione, la competitività, la stabilizzazione della finanza pubblica e la perequazione tributaria, English Urgent disposals for economic development, simplification, competitiveness, stabilization of public finances and tax equalization),[4] later Law 6 August 2008, n. 133[4], although it mainly concerned public finance, it also included some provisions for the school and university sector (in particular Articles 15, 16, 17, 64 and 66).

Law 30 October 2008, n. 169Edit

The Law-Decree 1 September 2008, n. 137 (Disposizioni urgenti in materia di istruzione e università, English Urgent disposals about education and university),[5] later law 30 October 2008, n. 169[5] is an act adopted on 30 October 2008 which contains a series of changes concerning the Italian public education system. This decree, however, concerned essentially the primary (formerly elementary school) and secondary (formerly middle and high schools) schools: the main innovations in university education were contained in the three-year financial law (law 133/2008) and in the subsequent decree about universities.

Law 9 January 2009, n. 1Edit

The law decree 10 November 2008 n. 180 (Disposizioni urgenti per il diritto allo studio, la valorizzazione del merito e la qualità del sistema universitario e della ricerca, English Urgent disposals for the right to education, the valorisation of merit and the quality of the university system and research)[6], later Law 9 January 2009, n. 1[6], published in the Official Gazette n. 6 of the 9 January 2009.

DpR 15 March 2010, nn. 87 (Professional institutes)[7], 88 (Technical institutes)[8], 89 (Lyceums)[9]

Regulations for the reorganization of lyceums, technical institutes and professional institutes issued by the President of the Republic on 15 March 2010 (Registered at the Court of Auditors on 1 June 2010). Complemented by National Guidelines, Programs and Guidelines for the three high school orders

Law 30 December 2010, n. 240Edit

The law 30 December 2010 n. 240 (Norme in materia di organizzazione delle università, di personale accademico e reclutamento, nonché delega al Governo per incentivare la qualità e l'efficienza del sistema universitario, English Rules about organization of universities, academic staff and recruitment, as well as delegation to the Government to encourage the quality and efficiency of the university system)[10], published on the Official Gazette of the 14 January 2011, formally entered into force on 29 January 2011. It is also known as a draft of the Senato law 1905[11], but during the parliamentary approval, the original bill was significantly modified.

The law radically changes the whole system of 'governance of Italian university, redefining the university governing bodies and dictating different disposals about teaching staff (professors and researchers). The rule, however, contained numerous delegations to the Italian Government to issue decrees to implement the various aspects of the reform.[12]

Ministerial Decree n. 17 of 22 September 2010Edit

The Ministerial Decree n. 17 of 22 September 2010 registered at the Court of Auditors on 20 January 2011 determines the Requirements for the courses of study.[13]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Riforma Gelmini, email al Quirinale / Napolitano: 'Non posso intervenire'" [Gelmini reform, email to Quirinale / Napolitano: 'I can not intervene'] (in Italian). La Repubblica. 13 October 2008. Archived from the original on 17 March 2015. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
  2. ^ "Guida alla nuova scuola secondaria superiore" [Guide to the new higher secondary school] (PDF) (in Italian). Ministero dellIstruzione, dellUniversità e della Ricerca (MIUR). February 2010. Archived from the original on 17 March 2015. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
  3. ^ "Bergamo: protesta degli studenti contro (la) riforma Gelmini" [Bergamo: protest of students against Gelmini reform]. Corriere della Sera (in Italian). 28 September 2009. Archived from the original on 17 March 2015. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
  4. ^ a b Senato della Repubblica, ed. (6 August 2008). "Legge 6 agosto 2008, n. 133 (Conversione in legge, con modificazioni, del decreto-legge 25 giugno 2008, n. 112, recante disposizioni urgenti per lo sviluppo economico, la semplificazione, la competitività, la stabilizzazione della finanza pubblica e la perequazione tributaria)" [Law 6 August 2008, n. 133 (Conversion into law, with amendments, of the Law-Decree 25 June 2008, N. 112, containing urgent disposals for economic development, simplification, competitiveness, stabilization of public finances and tax equalization)]. parlamento.it (in Italian). Archived from the original on 17 March 2015. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
  5. ^ a b Senato della Repubblica, ed. (30 October 2008). "Legge 30 ottobre 2008, n. 169 (Conversione in legge, con modificazioni, del decreto-legge 1 settembre 2008, n. 137, recante disposizioni urgenti in materia di istruzione e università)" [Law 30 October 2008, n. 169 (Conversion into law, with amendments, of the Law-Decree of 1 September 2008, N. 137, containing urgent disposals about education and university)]. parlamento.it (in Italian). Archived from the original on 17 March 2015. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
  6. ^ a b Senato della Repubblica, ed. (9 January 2009). "Conversione in legge, con modificazioni, del decreto-legge 10 novembre 2008, n. 180, recante disposizioni urgenti per il diritto allo studio, la valorizzazione del merito e la qualità del sistema universitario e della ricerca" [Conversion into law, with amendments, of the law-decree 10 November 2008, N. 180, containing urgent disposals for the right to education, the valorisation of merit and the quality of the university system and research]. parlamento.it (in Italian). Archived from the original on 13 December 2009. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  7. ^ "Decreto del presidente della repubblica 15 marzo 2010, n. 87" [Decree of the President of the Republic 15 March 2010, n. 87]. normattiva.it (in Italian). 9 January 2009. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  8. ^ "Decreto del presidente della repubblica 15 marzo 2010, n. 87" [Decree of the President of the Republic 15 March 2010, n. 88]. normattiva.it (in Italian). 9 January 2009. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  9. ^ "Decreto del presidente della repubblica 15 marzo 2010, n. 89" [Decree of the President of the Republic 15 March 2010, n. 89]. normattiva.it (in Italian). 9 January 2009. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  10. ^ "Legge 30 dicembre 2010, n. 240 (Norme in materia di organizzazione delle università, di personale accademico e reclutamento, nonché delega al Governo per incentivare la qualità e l'efficienza del sistema universitario)". Normattiva.it. 30 December 2010. Archived from the original on 17 March 2015. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
  11. ^ Senato della Repubblica, ed. (2009). "Atto Senato n. 1905" [senato act n. 1905]. senato.it (in Italian). Archived from the original on 17 March 2015. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
  12. ^ "Università, Napolitano: sì a riforma / ma (lui) riscontra "criticità" nel testo" [University, Napolitano: yes to reform / but (he) finds "criticality" in the text] (in Italian). La Repubblica. 30 December 2010. Archived from the original on 17 March 2015. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
  13. ^ "Decreto Ministeriale 22 settembre 2010 n. 17 / Requisiti necessari dei corsi di studio" [Ministerial Decree 22 September 2010 n. 17 / Requirements for the courses of study]. miur.it (in Italian). Ministero dellIstruzione, dellUniversità e della Ricerca (MIUR). 22 September 2010. Archived from the original on 17 March 2015. Retrieved 17 March 2015.