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The GeForce 10 series is a series of graphics processing units developed by Nvidia, initially based on the Pascal microarchitecture announced in March 2014.

GeForce 10 series
GTX 10 series logo with slogan.pngNVIDIA-GTX-1070-FoundersEdition-FL.jpg
The GTX 1070 Founders Edition reference card.
Release dateMay 27th, 2016
CodenameGP10x
ArchitecturePascal
ModelsGeForce GTX Series
Transistors and fabrication process
  • 1.8B 14 nm (GP108)
  • 3.3B 14 nm (GP107)
  • 4.4B 16 nm (GP106)
  • 7.2B 16 nm (GP104)
  • 12B 16 nm (GP102)
  • 15.3B 16 nm (GP100)
Cards
Entry-levelGeForce GT 1030
Mid-rangeGeForce GTX 1050
GeForce GTX 1050 Ti
GeForce GTX 1060
High-endGeForce GTX 1070
GeForce GTX 1070 Ti
GeForce GTX 1080
EnthusiastGeForce GTX 1080 Ti
Nvidia Titan X
Nvidia Titan Xp
API support
Direct3DDirect3D 12.0 (feature level 12_1)
OpenCLOpenCL 1.2
OpenGLOpenGL 4.6
VulkanVulkan 1.1 [1]
SPIR-V 1.3
History
PredecessorGeForce 900 series
SuccessorGeForce 20 series

This design series succeeded the GeForce 900 Series, and is succeeded by cards using the Turing microarchitecture and GeForce 20 series.

Contents

ArchitectureEdit

The Pascal microarchitecture, named after Blaise Pascal, was announced in March 2014[2], and the first graphics cards based on it, the GeForce GTX 1080 and 1070, were announced on May 6th, 2016 and released on May 27th, 2016 and June 10th respectively. The architecture incorporates TSMC's 16 nm FinFET or Samsung's 14 nm FinFET technologies and succeeds the Maxwell microarchitecture. Initially, chips were only produced in TSMC's 16nm process, though some chips have been made in Samsung's 14 nm process (GP107, GP108).[3] Samsung Electronics and Nvidia also have an agreement to shrink the design's die to use Samsung's 14 nm FinFET technology.[4]

New Features in GP10x:

  • CUDA Compute Capability 6.0 (GP100 only), 6.1 (GP102, GP104, GP106, GP107, GP108)
  • DisplayPort 1.4
  • HDMI 2.0b
  • Fourth generation Delta Color Compression
  • PureVideo Feature Set H hardware video decoding HEVC Main10 (10 bit), Main12 (12 bit) & VP9 hardware decoding (GM200 & GM204 did not support HEVC Main10/Main12 & VP9 hardware decoding)[5]
  • HDCP 2.2 support for 4K DRM protected content playback & streaming (Maxwell GM200 & GM204 lack HDCP 2.2 support, GM206 supports HDCP 2.2)[6]
  • NVENC HEVC Main10 10 bit hardware encoding (except GP108 which doesn't support NVENC[7])
  • GPU Boost 3.0
  • Simultaneous Multi-Projection
  • HB SLI Bridge Technology
  • New memory controller with GDDR5X & GDDR5 support (GP102, GP104)[8]
  • Dynamic load balancing scheduling system. This allows the scheduler to dynamically adjust the amount of the GPU assigned to multiple tasks, ensuring that the GPU remains saturated with work except when there is no more work that can safely be distributed. Nvidia therefore has safely enabled asynchronous compute in Pascal's driver.[9]
  • Instruction-level preemption. In graphics tasks, the driver restricts this to pixel-level preemption because pixel tasks typically finish quickly and the overhead costs of doing pixel-level preemption are much lower than performing instruction-level preemption. Compute tasks get either thread-level or instruction-level preemption. Instruction-level preemption is useful because compute tasks can take long times to finish and there are no guarantees on when a compute task finishes, so the driver enables the very expensive instruction-level preemption for these tasks.[10]
  • Triple buffering implemented in the driver level. Nvidia calls this "Fast Sync". This has the GPU maintain three frame buffers per monitor. This results in the GPU continuously rendering frames, and the most recently completely rendered frame is sent to a monitor each time it needs one. This removes the initial delay that double buffering with vsync causes and disallows tearing. The costs are that more memory is consumed for the buffers and that the GPU will consume power drawing frames that might be wasted because two or more frames could possibly be drawn between the time a monitor is sent a frame and the time the same monitor needs to be sent another frame. In this case, the latest frame is picked, causing frames drawn after the previously displayed frame but before the frame that is picked to be completely wasted.[11] This feature has been backported to Maxwell-based GPUs in driver version 372.70.[12]

Nvidia has announced that the Pascal GP100 GPU will feature four High Bandwidth Memory stacks, allowing a total of 16 GB HBM2 on the highest-end models,[13] 16 nm technology,[3] Unified Memory and NVLink.[14]

ProductsEdit

 
An inno3D GeForce GTX 1050 Twin X2.
 
An MSI GeForce GT 1030.

Founders EditionEdit

Announcing the GeForce 10-series products, Nvidia has introduced Founders Edition graphics card versions of the GTX 1060, 1070, 1070 Ti, 1080 and 1080 Ti. These are what were previously known as reference cards, i.e. which were designed and built by Nvidia and not by its authorized board partners. These cards have started being used as reference to measure performance of partner cards. The Founders Edition cards have a die cast machine-finished aluminum body with a single radial fan and a vapor chamber cooling (1070 Ti, 1080, 1080 Ti only[15]), an upgraded power supply and a new low profile backplate (1070, 1070 Ti, 1080, 1080 Ti only).[16] Nvidia also released a limited supply of Founders Edition cards for the GTX 1060 that were only available directly from Nvidia's website.[17] Founders Edition cards prices (with the exception of the GTX 1070 Ti and 1080 Ti) are greater than MSRP of partners cards; however, some partners' cards, incorporating a complex design, with liquid or hybrid cooling may cost more than Founders Edition.

GeForce 10 (10xx) seriesEdit

Model Launch Code name(s) Fab (nm) Transistors (billion) Die size (mm2) Bus interface Core config[b] SM Count [c] L2 Cache (MiB/KiB) Clock speeds Fillrate Memory Processing power (GFLOPS)[d] TDP (watts) SLI HB support[e] Launch price (USD)
Base core clock (MHz) Boost core clock (MHz) Memory (MT/s) Pixel (GP/s)[f] Texture (GT/s)[g] Size (GiB) Bandwidth (GB/s) Bus type Bus width (bit) Single precision (Boost) Double precision (Boost) Half precision (boost)[19] MSRP Founders Edition
GeForce GT 1030 (DDR4)[20] March 12, 2018 GP108-310-A1 14 1.8[21] 74 PCIe 3.0 x4 [22][23] 384:24:16 3 ? 1151 1379 2100 18.41 27.6 2 16.8 DDR4 64 883 (1059) 27 (33) 13 (16) 20 No $80[24] N/A
GeForce GT 1030[20] May 17, 2017 GP108-300-A1 70 0.5MiB/512KiB 1227 1468 6000 19.6 29.4 48 GDDR5 942 (1127) 29 (35) 15 (18) 30
GeForce GTX 1050 2GB[25] October 25, 2016 GP107-300-A1 3.3 132 [26] PCIe 3.0 x16 640:40:32 5 [27] 1MiB/1,024KiB 1354 1455 7000 43.3 54.2 112 128 1733 (1862) 54 (58) 27 (29) 75 $109
GeForce GTX 1050 3GB[28] May 2018 GP107-301-A1 768:48:24 6[29] 0.75MiB/768KiB 1392 1518 33.4 66.8 3 84 96 2138(2332) 66(72) 33(36) ?
GeForce GTX 1050 Ti[25] October 25, 2016 GP107-400-A1 768:48:32 1MiB/1,024KiB 1290 1392 41.3 61.9 4 112 128 1981 (2138) 62 (67) 31 (33) $139
GeForce GTX 1060 3GB[30] August 18, 2016 GP106-300-A1 16 4.4 200 [31] 1152:72:48 9 [32] 1.5MiB/1,536KiB 1506 1708 8000
9000[h]
72.3 108.4 3 192
216[h]
192 3470 (3935) 108 (123) 54 (61) 120 $199
GeForce GTX 1060 5GB[33][34] December 26, 2017 GP106-350-K3-A1 1280:80:40 10 [35] 1.25MiB/1,280KiB 8000 60.2 120.5 5 160 160 3855 (4372) 120 (137) 60 (68) ?
GeForce GTX 1060 6GB[30] July 19, 2016 GP106-400-A1
GP106-410-A1[h]
1280:80:48 1.5MiB/1,536KiB 8000
9000[h]
72.3 6 192
216[h]
192 $249 $299
GeForce GTX 1060 6GB (GDDR5X)[36][37] ? GP104-? 7.2 314 [38] 1280:80:48 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? GDDR5X ? ? ? ? ? ? ? N/A
GeForce GTX 1070[39] June 10, 2016 GP104-200-A1 1920:120:64 15 [40] 2MiB/2,048KiB 1506 1683 8000 96.4[i][41] 180.7 8 256 GDDR5 256 5783 (6463) 181 (202) 90 (101) 150 2-way SLI HB[42] or traditional 2/3/4-way SLI[43] $379 $449
GeForce GTX 1070 Ti[44] November 2, 2017 GP104-300-A1 2432:152:64 19 1607 102.8 244.3 7816 (8186) 244 (256) 122 (128) 180 $449
GeForce GTX 1080[18] May 27, 2016 GP104-400-A1
GP104-410-A1[h]
2560:160:64 20 [45] 1733 10000
11000[h]
257.1 320
352[h]
GDDR5X 8228 (8873) 257 (277) 128 (139) $549 $699
GeForce GTX 1080 Ti[46] March 10, 2017 GP102-350-K1-A1 12 471 3584:224:88 28 [47] 2.75MiB/2,816KiB 1480 1582 11000 130.2 331.5 11 484 352 10609 (11340) 332 (354) 166 (177) 250 $699
NVIDIA TITAN X[48] August 2, 2016 GP102-400-A1 3584:224:96 3MiB/3,072KiB 1417 1531 10000 136 317.4 12 480 384 10157 (10974) 317 (343) 159 (171) N/A $1200
NVIDIA TITAN Xp[49] April 6, 2017 GP102-450-A1 3840:240:96 30 1405[50] 1582 11410 152 379.7 547.7 10790 (12150) 337 (380) 169 (190) N/A
Model Launch Code name(s) Fab (nm) Transistors (billion) Die size (mm2) Bus interface Core config[b] SM Count [c] L2 Cache (MiB/KiB) Clock speeds Fillrate Memory Processing power (GFLOPS)[d] TDP (watts) SLI HB support[e] Launch price (USD)
Base core clock (MHz) Boost core clock (MHz) Memory (MT/s) Pixel (GP/s)[f] Texture (GT/s)[g] Size (GiB) Bandwidth (GB/s) Bus type Bus width (bit) Single precision (Boost) Double precision (Boost) Half precision (boost)[51] MSRP Founders Edition
  1. ^ The NVIDIA TITAN Xp & the Founders Edition GTX 1080 Ti does not have a dual link DVI port, but a DisplayPort to single link DVI adapter is included in the box.
  2. ^ a b Shader Processors : Texture mapping units : Render output units
  3. ^ a b The number of streaming multiprocessors on the GPU.
  4. ^ a b For calculating the processing power, see the Performance subsection of the Pascal architecture article.
  5. ^ a b SLI HB only supports a maximum of 2-way SLI using SLI HB bridges, however if using traditional SLI bridges it can support a maximum of 4-way SLI but the performance is mostly improved in synthetic benchmarks only.
  6. ^ a b Pixel fillrate is calculated as the lowest of three numbers: number of ROPs multiplied by the base core clock speed, number of rasterizers multiplied by the number of fragments they can generate per rasterizer multiplied by the base core clock speed, and the number of streaming multiprocessors multiplied by the number of fragments per clock that they can output multiplied by the base clock rate.
  7. ^ a b Texture fillrate is calculated as the number of TMUs multiplied by the base core clock speed.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h GTX 1060 and GTX 1080 cards shipped after April 2017 feature increased memory speeds, thus increasing memory bandwidth.
  9. ^ The GTX 1070 has one of the four GPCs disabled in the die. Losing one of the Raster Engines only allows for the use of 48 ROPs per cycle.

GeForce 10 (10xx) series for notebooksEdit

The biggest highlight to this line of notebook GPUs is the implementation of configured specifications close to (for the GTX 1060–1080) and exceeding (for the GTX 1050/1050 Ti) that of their desktop counterparts, as opposed to having "cut-down" specifications in previous generations. As a result, the "M" suffix is completely removed from the model's naming schemes, denoting these notebook GPUs to possess similar performance to those made for desktop PCs, including the ability to overclock their core frequencies by the user, something not possible with previous generations of notebook GPUs. This was made possible by having lower Thermal Design Power (TDP) ratings as compared to their desktop equivalents, making these desktop-level GPUs thermally feasible to be implemented into OEM notebook chassis with improved thermal dissipation designs, and, as such, are only available through the OEMs. In addition, the GP104 and GP106-based Notebook GPUs also come in lower-TDP and quieter variations called the Max-Q Design specifically made for ultra-thin gaming systems in conjunction with OEM Partners that incorporate enhanced heat dissipation mechanisms with lower operating noise volumes, largely made as an additional more powerful option to existing gaming notebooks as well, which was launched on 27th June 2017.

Model Launch Code name Fab (nm) Transistors (billion) Die size (mm2) Bus interface Core config SM Count Clock speeds Fillrate Memory API support (version) Processing power (GFLOPS) TDP (watts) SLI support
Base core clock (MHz) Boost core clock (MHz) Memory (MT/s) Pixel (GP/s) Texture (GT/s) Size (GiB) Bandwidth (GB/s) Bus type Bus width (bit) DirectX OpenGL OpenCL Vulkan Single precision (Boost) Double precision Half precision
GeForce MX110[52] Nov 17,

2017[53]

GM108

(N16V-GMR1)

28 N/A N/A PCIe 3.0 x16 384:24:8[54] 3 965 993 5012 7.944 23.83 2 40.1 GDDR5 64 12.0

(11_0)

4.6 1.2 1.1 N/A 30 No
GeForce MX130[55] GM108

(N16S-GTR)

1122 1242 9.936 29.81 N/A
GeForce MX150 (GT 1030)[56] May 25, 2017 GP108-300 14 1.8 74 PCIe 3.0 x4 384:24:16 1468 1532 6000 11.7 35.2 48 12.0

(12_1)

1127 (1177) ? ? ?
GeForce GTX 1050 (Notebook)[57] January 3, 2017 GP107-300 (N17P-G0) 3.3 135 PCIe 3.0 x16 640:40:16 5 1354 1493 7000 43.3 54.2 2

4

112 128 1733 (1911) 27 14 ?
GeForce GTX 1050 Ti (Notebook)[57] GP107-400 (N17P-G1) 768:48:32 6 1493 1620 47.8 71.7 4 2293 (2488) 36 18 ?
GeForce GTX 1060 (Notebook)[57] August 16, 2016 GP106-400 (N17E-G1) 16 4.4 200 1280:80:48 10 1404 1670 8000 67.4 112 3

6

192 192 3594 (4275) 112 56 ?
GeForce GTX 1070 (Notebook)[57] GP104-200 (N17E-G2) 7.2 314 2048:128:64 16 1442 1645 92.3 185 8 256 256 5906 (6738) 185 92 ? Yes
GeForce GTX 1080 (Notebook)[57] GP104-400 (N17E-G3) 2560:160:64 20 1556 1733 10000 99.6 249 320 GDDR5X 7967 (8873) 249 124 150-220[58]

Chipset tableEdit

Discontinued supportEdit

Nvidia announced that after Release 390 drivers, Nvidia will no longer release 32-bit drivers for 32-bit operating systems.[59]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit