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Gay and Lesbian Kingdom of the Coral Sea Islands

The Gay and Lesbian Kingdom of the Coral Sea Islands (also known as The Gay Kingdom of the Coral Sea - for example on postage stamps) was established as a symbolic political protest by a group of gay rights activists based in Australia. Declared in 2004 in response to the Australian government's refusal to recognise same-sex marriages, it was founded on Australia's external overseas Territory of the Coral Sea Islands, a group of uninhabited islets east of the Great Barrier Reef.[2] It is an expression of queer nationalism.

Gay & Lesbian Kingdom of the Coral Sea Islands
Flag of Gay and Lesbian Kingdom of the Coral Sea Islands
Location Coral Sea Islands Territory
Capital Heaven, Cato Island
Official languages English
Membership LGBT people
Organizational structure Constitutional monarchy
• Emperor
Dale Parker Anderson
• Founded
14 June 2004
• Dissolution
17 November 2017
Purported currency Euro[1]

The Coral Sea Islands Territory is an external territory of Australia which comprises a group of small and mostly uninhabited tropical islands and reefs in the Coral Sea, northeast of Queensland, Australia. The territory covers 780,000 km2 (301,160 sq mi), most of which is ocean, extending east and south from the outer edge of the Great Barrier Reef, and includes Heralds Beacon Island, Osprey Reef, the Willis Group, and fifteen other reef/island groups. Cato Island is the highest point in the Territory and a camp site on the Island called Heaven is the home and Capital of the Gay and Lesbian Kingdom of the Coral Sea Islands.[3]



Map of the claimed kingdom

The Coral Sea Islands were first charted in 1803. In the 1870s and 1880s the islands were mined for guano but the absence of a reliable supply of fresh water prevented long-term habitation.[3] The Coral Sea Islands became an Australian external territory in 1969 by the Coral Sea Islands Act (prior to that, the area was considered part of Queensland) and extended in 1997 to include Elizabeth Reef and Middleton Reef nearly 800 km further south, already in the Tasman Sea.

The two latter reefs are much closer to Lord Howe Island, New South Wales, (about 150 km (93 mi)) than to the southernmost island of the rest of the territory, Cato Island. The islands, cays and reefs of the Great Barrier Reef are not part of the territory, belonging to Queensland instead. The outer edge of the Great Barrier Reef is the boundary between Queensland and the Coral Sea Islands Territory.

The Gay and Lesbian Kingdom of the Coral Sea IslandsEdit

Founded in June 2004, the Gay and Lesbian Kingdom of the Coral Sea Islands was created by a group of gay protesters against the refusal of the Australian government to acknowledge same-sex marriages. They chose the Coral Sea Islands Territory as their location. The island chosen for their capital is the largest island in the territory, Cato Island. The leader of the protesters, Dale Parker Anderson, was elected Administrator of the territory and then "declared emperor" of the kingdom upon its independence, becoming Dale R. Other than the protester inhabitants, the islands of the Coral Sea Islands Territory are uninhabited and the kingdom's independence is not recognised by Australia or any world government. The Coral Sea Islands are recognised as an external overseas Territory of Australia by the United Nations.[4][5][6] On 13 September 2004, the Gay Kingdom declared war on Australia.[7]

On Cato Island, the settlers founded a camp site they named "Heaven" after the famous gay nightclub in London, and set up a post office where they obtain funds for the kingdom by "selling its unique coins and stamps".[5]

In May 2010, Dale Anderson was invited to (but did not attend) a conference in Sydney for the leaders of all the micronations in the world, in order to determine ways to obtain recognition as sovereign countries. The Gay Government announced that the Emperor would not be attending the conference on the grounds that the Gay and Lesbian Kingdom of the Coral Sea Islands being a former overseas external Territory of Australia was not a micronation.[2]

The independence of the kingdom is based on Australia being guilty of "unjust enrichment", because of the government’s plan to amend the marriage act so as to prevent homosexual couples who were married overseas to have their relationship recognised. The law of “Unjust Enrichment” states: “If something is unjustly taken compensation must be made.”

The gay activists believe that the change in the marriage law has taken from homosexual people the right to be treated equally, “whether it be marriage, superannuation, hospital visits, adoption or IVF treatments”. Instead of financial compensation, the activists have chosen “territorial compensation” by establishing an independent gay state on a scattering of tropical islands in the Coral Sea.

The initiative for the founding of a gay kingdom was taken during the Brisbane Gay and Lesbian Pride Festival. The Coral Sea Islands were chosen because of a provision of international law that states “Oppressed people of overseas territories have a right to self government and self determination”. For a long time these islands were administered as an overseas territory of the United Kingdom, but from the 1960s they were administered from Australia by the Department of the Environment, Sport and Territories as an overseas external territory of the Commonwealth of Australia.

The activists also presume that neither the United Kingdom nor Australia has any rights to the Coral Sea Islands, because neither government has provided to the gay government any recording of anyone proclaiming the Coral Sea Islands as part of the British/Australian Crown.

The Gay and Lesbian Kingdom raised the gay rainbow pride flag on Cato Island on 14 June 2004 and declared the territory an independent gay and lesbian state. A memorial plaque on the north eastern tip of Cato Island commemorates this historic event and reads:

"On the 14th day of June 2004, at this highest point in the Coral Sea, Emperor Dale Parker Anderson raised the gay rainbow flag and claimed the islands of the Coral Sea in his name as homeland for the gay and lesbian peoples of the world. God Save our King!"

Declaration of IndependenceEdit

Coinciding with the decision to secede from Australian sovereignty, the kingdom's founders drafted a declaration of independence.[8] The declaration begins,

“Homosexual people have honestly endeavoured everywhere to merge ourselves in the social life of surrounding communities and to be treated equally. We are not permitted to do so. In vain we are loyal patriots, our loyalty in some places running to extremes; in vain do we make the same sacrifices of life and property as our fellow citizens; in vain do we strive to increase the fame of our native land in science and art, or her wealth by trade and commerce. In countries where we have lived for centuries, we are still cried down as strangers.... In the world as it is now and for an indefinite period.... I think we shall not be left in peace.”[8]

Stated to have been inspired by its American counterpart, the kingdom's Declaration of Independence also stated: “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all people are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.”[8]

Set of nine stamps from the GLK

Recent events and the Future of the KingdomEdit

In late 2016,[9][10] the official website of the Gay and Lesbian Kingdom of the Coral Sea Islands added a link to point viewers to the website of The Equality Campaign, the organization which is calling on Australian voters to participate in the Australian Marriage Law Postal Survey, of which a "yes" vote likely would prompt the Parliament of Australia to enact same-sex marriage.

As of 17 November 2017, the Kingdom was dissolved, per the decision made by the Australian people to legalize gay marriage.[11]

Economy and tourismEdit

The kingdom issued its first stamps in July 2006 "with the aim of creating a high and distinctive reputation amongst the philatelic fraternity". The kingdom's website says that tourism, fishing and philatelic sales are its only economic activities. However, swimming, reef walking, lagoon snorkelling, bird-watching, seashell-collecting, and shipwreck-exploring are all gay government-sanctioned non-economic activities.[1]

In a scheme similar to Israel's Law of Return, a person is automatically granted permanent resident status and is immediately eligible for citizenship in the Gay and Lesbian Kingdom of the Coral Sea Islands simply by being gay or lesbian.[1]

The kingdom's national anthem is "I Am What I Am".[12]

International recognitionEdit


On 28 February 2017, Liberal Senator Eric Abetz objected to the rainbow flag being displayed in the Department of Finance[13][14] on the grounds that government departments should take a neutral stand on political debates. He concluded his comments with an incidental observation by identifying:

"...[T]his particular flag is the flag of the Gay and Lesbian Kingdom of the Coral Sea Islands, which has declared war on Australia. Senator Cormann, you would understand they did the same as Prince Leonard of the Principality of Hutt River and this is now their official flag. It is the flag of a hostile nation, if we are to believe them, having declared war on Australia..."[15]

Cormann agreed, affirming that "We will make sure that there are no flags of hostile nations anywhere in any government building".

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c Ryan, John; Dunford, George; Sellars, Simon (2006). Micronations. Lonely Planet. pp. 39–40. ISBN 1-74104-730-7. Retrieved 10 August 2011. 
  2. ^ a b Nick Squires (4 May 2010). "The world's micronations unite to demand recognition". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 10 August 2011. 
  3. ^ a b Geoscience Australia. Coral Sea Islands Archived 21 August 2006 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ "Gay and Lesbian Kingdom of the Coral Sea Islands (Queensland, Australië)". Columbus. 22 June 2010. Retrieved 10 August 2011. 
  5. ^ a b Talek Harris (22 July 2010). "Emperors, princes and Australia's league of mini-nations". Sin Chew Daily. Retrieved 11 August 2011. 
  6. ^ Nick Squires (24 February 2005). "Mini-states Down Under are sure they can secede". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 11 August 2011. 
  7. ^
  8. ^ a b c Hans Hafkamp (13 January 2005). "Gay Kingdom Declares War On Australia". Gay-News. Archived from the original on 23 July 2011. Retrieved 10 August 2011. 
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^ Gay and Lesbian Kingdom of the Coral Sea Islands, Facebook, 17 November 2017, retrieved 17 November 2017 
  12. ^
  13. ^ Matt Young (28 February 2017).
  14. ^ "Senator Eric Abetz criticises government department flying ‘hostile’ activist rainbow flag", Jess Jones, Star Observer, 28 February 2017.
  15. ^ "Finance and Public Administration Legislation Committee - 28/02/2017 - Estimates - FINANCE PORTFOLIO - Department of Finance", Hansard, p27, 28 February 2017.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit