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Gay-Lussac is a lunar impact crater located to the north of the prominent crater Copernicus, in the southern foothills of the Montes Carpatus range. The rim of the crater is slightly distorted, although generally circular. The inner floor is flat but rough, with no central peak. There are a pair of small craterlet depressions in the middle instead of a central peak. The associated crater Gay-Lussac A is nearly joined to the southeast rim.

Gay-Lussac
Gay-Lussac and Gay-Lussac A craters 4126 h2.jpg
Lunar Orbiter 4 image of Gay-Lussac (upper left) and Gay-Lussac A (lower right)
Coordinates13°54′N 20°48′W / 13.9°N 20.8°W / 13.9; -20.8Coordinates: 13°54′N 20°48′W / 13.9°N 20.8°W / 13.9; -20.8
Diameter26 km
Depth0.8 km
Colongitude21° at sunrise
EponymJoseph L. Gay-Lussac

The crater is named after French physicist Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac.[1]

To the southwest is a wide rille named Rima Gay-Lussac. This is a nearly linear formation with curves at the end. It follows a 40-km-long line from the southwest to the northeast.

Satellite cratersEdit

 
Gay-Lussac and its satellite craters

By convention these features are identified on lunar maps by placing the letter on the side of the crater midpoint that is closest to Gay-Lussac.

Gay-Lussac Latitude Longitude Diameter
A 13.2° N 20.4° W 15 km
B 16.2° N 21.1° W 3 km
C 15.4° N 22.5° W 5 km
D 14.6° N 21.0° W 5 km
F 14.0° N 19.6° W 5 km
G 13.8° N 18.9° W 5 km
H 13.4° N 23.2° W 5 km
J 11.7° N 21.7° W 3 km
N 12.6° N 20.9° W 2 km

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Gay-Lussac (crater)". Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. USGS Astrogeology Research Program.
  • Andersson, L. E.; Whitaker, E. A. (1982). NASA Catalogue of Lunar Nomenclature. NASA RP-1097.
  • Bussey, B.; Spudis, P. (2004). The Clementine Atlas of the Moon. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-81528-4.
  • Cocks, Elijah E.; Cocks, Josiah C. (1995). Who's Who on the Moon: A Biographical Dictionary of Lunar Nomenclature. Tudor Publishers. ISBN 978-0-936389-27-1.
  • McDowell, Jonathan (July 15, 2007). "Lunar Nomenclature". Jonathan's Space Report. Retrieved 2007-10-24.
  • Menzel, D. H.; Minnaert, M.; Levin, B.; Dollfus, A.; Bell, B. (1971). "Report on Lunar Nomenclature by the Working Group of Commission 17 of the IAU". Space Science Reviews. 12 (2): 136–186. Bibcode:1971SSRv...12..136M. doi:10.1007/BF00171763.
  • Moore, Patrick (2001). On the Moon. Sterling Publishing Co. ISBN 978-0-304-35469-6.
  • Price, Fred W. (1988). The Moon Observer's Handbook. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-33500-3.
  • Rükl, Antonín (1990). Atlas of the Moon. Kalmbach Books. ISBN 978-0-913135-17-4.
  • Webb, Rev. T. W. (1962). Celestial Objects for Common Telescopes (6th revised ed.). Dover. ISBN 978-0-486-20917-3.
  • Whitaker, Ewen A. (1999). Mapping and Naming the Moon. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-62248-6.
  • Wlasuk, Peter T. (2000). Observing the Moon. Springer. ISBN 978-1-85233-193-1.

External linksEdit