Gavi Gangadhareshwara Temple

Gavi Gangadhareshwara Temple, or Sri Gangaadhareshwara, also Gavipura Cave Temple, an example of Indian rock-cut architecture, is located in Bengaluru in the state of Karnataka in India. The temple is famous for its mysterious stone discs in the forecourt and the exact planning allowing the sun to shine on the shrine during certain time of the year. It was built in the 16th century by Kempe Gowda I, the founder of the city.[1]

Gavi Gangadhareshwara Temple
A Trident of Lord Shiva outside the Gavi Gangadhareshwara temple at Bengaluru.
DeityShiva as Gavi Gangadhareshwara
FestivalsMaha Shivaratri, Makara Sankranti
Gavi Gangadhareshwara Temple is located in Bengaluru
Gavi Gangadhareshwara Temple
Location within Bengaluru
Geographic coordinates12°56′53.5″N 77°33′46.8″E / 12.948194°N 77.563000°E / 12.948194; 77.563000
TypeIndian rock-cut architecture
Completed16th century AD

Temple history Edit

This cave temple dedicated to Shiva. It is believed to have been built by Gautama Maharshi and Bharadwaja Muni in the Vedic period. It was later renovated in the 16th century AD by Kempe Gowda, the founder of Bengaluru.

One of the oldest temples in Bengaluru, Gavi Gangadhareshwara temple was built by Kempe Gowda in recognition after being released from a prison term of five years by Rama Raya. The temple Gavi is an architectural marvel that attracts the faithful by the hordes.

Temple architecture Edit

Built in a natural cave in Gavipuram, the temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and cut into a monolithic stone. The courtyard of the temple contains several monolithic sculptures. The main attractions of Gavi Gangadhareshvara temple are two granite pillars that support the giant disk of the sun and moon, and two pillars having several carvings of Nandi in a sitting posture at the top.[2]: 1632  The temple is also known for its four monolithic pillars, representing Damaru, Trishul and two large circular discs on the patio.

Two paintings dated 1 May 1792 AD by Thomas and William Daniell brothers shows that the temple has gone through some construction work with new walls and enclosures.[2]: 1635 

Deities inside the Temple Edit

The temple complex has numerous shrines for various detities in addition to the main deity Gavi Gangadhareswara.

Special aspects of the Temple Edit

Curative effects Edit

The idol of Agnimurthi inside the temple has two heads, seven hands and three legs. It is believed that worship of the deity would cure defects of the eye.

Illumination of sanctum by the Sun Edit

On the occasion of Makar Sankranti, the temple witnesses a unique phenomenon in the evening where sunlight passes through an arc between the horns of Nandi and falls directly on the linga inside the cave and illuminating the interior idol for an hour.[3] Lakhs of devotees come in mid January every year on Makar sankranti day to this cave temple.

Comparison of contemporary structures and earlier drawings by Thomas Daniell and William Daniell show that earlier the temple had fewer structures and the Sun illuminated the shrine in summer and winter solstice.[4][5][2] Of late, the Sun illuminates Shivalinga two times per year - from 13 to 16 January in late afternoons and from 26 November to 2 December.[2]: 1636 

Tunnel from temple Edit

People believe that there is a tunnel which may lead to Kashi. However, it is believed that two men named Nishant and Prem went into the tunnel and never returned.

Protected temple Edit

The temple shrine is a protected monument under the Karnataka Ancient and Historical Monuments, and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act 1961.[6]

Gallery Edit

Vintage Paintings Edit

The temple saw numerous colonial artists painting different scenes over the years.

Nearby holy places Edit

  • Gosaayi Math
  • Samadhi of yogi Bjt Narayan Maharaj - Located just behind the temple.
  • Sri Bande Mahakali Temple

See also Edit

Notes Edit

  1. ^ Shastry, Vyasa (25 February 2017). "The mysteries of Bengaluru's famed Gavi Gangadhareshwara temple". Livemint. Retrieved 2 March 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d "Astronomical Significance of the Gavi Gangadhareshwara temple in Bangalore" (PDF). Current Science, Vol.95, No. 11, 10 December 2008. Retrieved 18 June 2010.
  3. ^ "Gavi Gangadhareshwara Temple at Bangalore(Karnataka)". Retrieved 13 September 2006.
  4. ^ "A stellar wonder". Deccan Herald. 8 January 2018. Retrieved 5 August 2019.
  5. ^ "IIACD | Gavi Gangadhareshwara Cave Temple and Vernacular Dwellings of Gavipuram: A Pilot Study". Retrieved 5 August 2019.
  6. ^ "Gavi Gangadhareshwara Temple, Bangalore".

Further reading Edit

  • Hardy, Adam. Indian Temple Architecture: Form and Transformation. New Delhi. ISBN 8170173124.

External links Edit