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Coordinates: 54°57′11″N 1°36′38″W / 54.95306°N 1.61056°W / 54.95306; -1.61056 Gateshead Talmudical College (Hebrew: ישיבת בית יוסף גייטסהעד), popularly known as Gateshead Yeshiva, is located in the town of Gateshead in England. It is the largest yeshiva in Europe and considered to be one of the most prestigious advanced yeshivas in the Orthodox world.[1][2] The student body currently (as of 2012) numbers approx. 300. Although students are mainly British, there are European, American, Canadians as well as some from South America and Australia.

It has government accreditation,[3] and the lunchroom has been rated "5 (Very Good)" for Food Hygiene.[4]

Contents

HistoryEdit

The yeshiva was founded in Gateshead in 1929[5] by Reb Dovid Dryan, with the Chofetz Chaim serving as an active patron[6] and appointing the original head of the yeshiva. The first rosh yeshiva and menahel (principal) were respectively Rabbi Nachman Landinski and Rabbi Eliezer Kahan, both alumni of the famed Novardok yeshiva network and both of whom had escaped Communist Russia religious persecution by escaping across the border from Russia to Poland. Originally, Rabbi Avraham Sacharov was designated as first rosh yeshiva, but Chief Rabbi Joseph Hertz asked William Joynson Hicks, the Home Secretary, to block Sacharov's immigration in an attempt to prevent the establishment of a yeshiva outside his jurisdiction. The attempt failed and Landynski, Sacharov's brother-in-law, was appointed instead.[7] At its inception, Gateshead Yeshiva was seen as a branch of Novardok, officially sharing its doctrines, ideals and methodology and named "Yeshivas Beis Yosef" in common with other branches of Novardok.

In the 1940s a seminary for women and girls opened.[2]

By 1948[8], an official American fundraising (including registration as a domestic not-for-profit corporation) was established.[9] (501(C)3)[10]

 
Gateshead Talmudical College about 1930, rabbis and students[11]

Notable facultyEdit

Roshei yeshiva:

Mashgichim:

Notable alumniEdit

Over its 82-year history, Gateshead Yeshiva has produced thousands of alumni, among them prominent rabbis.

Buildings and structureEdit

When Rabbi Landinski arrived in Gateshead he began to teach in the 'Blechenner Shul', a tin shed synagogue, which in 1939 was replaced with the current Gateshead community synagogue.

The original building procured by the yeshiva was at 179 Bewick Road. As the yeshiva expanded it acquired neighbouring properties in Rectory Road and 177 Bewick Road. In 1961 a new building was erected at 88 Windermere Street to house a new beth hamedresh (the hall used for study and prayer), with the dining room on the floor below and the kitchens in the basement. The old beth hamedrash building at 179 Bewick Road and neighbouring houses in Rectory Road were demolished to make way for a new two-storey dormitory block, Clore House, which was opened in 1963, forming the beginnings of the yeshiva campus. A later three-storey building further up Bewick Road joined the first dormitory block, and attached the yeshiva dormitories with the back of the study hall via a bridge. Later on,in 1992, a new building, Sebba House was built, which consisted of a state-of-the-art dormitory building for about 70 students. Later, in 1997 a new building, Tiferes Yonasan, was erected, which attached the study hall further down Windermere Street to the dormitories and extended the main building, including the study hall and the dining room. The last extension on the right hand side added more lecture halls. In addition these extensions created a courtyard leading on from the back alley, from Rydal Street.

HashkafaEdit

The yeshiva was originally established as a branch of the Novardok network of yeshivas then existing in Eastern Europe. The primary focal point of Novahrdock hashkafa is extreme reliance on Divine providence and commitment to achieving spiritual goals without feeling encumbered by physical and material constraints.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "This is a group photo of the students and staff of the famous Gateshead Yeshiva probably from the early 1930s. Today this is the most important yeshiva in ..." "Gateshead Talmudical College, early 1930s".
  2. ^ a b Liphshiz, Cnaan (3 October 2017). "Why Orthodox Jews are flocking to this gritty English town". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Retrieved 20 September 2018.
  3. ^ "Gateshead Talmudical College".
  4. ^ "Gateshead Talmudical College Food Hygiene rating". March 22, 2016.
  5. ^ "The Gateshead Yeshivah, founded in 1929 as the Talmudical College, is the largest Charedi institution of its sort in Europe, and one of the most prestigious ... William D. Rubinstein; Michael Jolles; Hilary L. Rubinstein (2011). The Palgrave Dictionary of Anglo-Jewish History. ISBN 1403939101.
  6. ^ "Gurwicz". JewishGen.org. Gateshead ... traveled to the elder sage of the generation, the Chofetz Chaim, ...
  7. ^ http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/written_answers/1926/feb/08/rabbi-abraham-sacharov; https://books.google.com/books?id=MKWEwUxMSQEC&pg=PA356&lpg=PA356&dq=abraham+sacharov&source=bl&ots=1Uk8L5-bQa&sig=VhBqzpiOnNPKzuJJOI6SKySSJQk&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0CCAQ6AEwAGoVChMI-t-OrIeGxgIVRH-SCh14XwCB#v=onepage&q=abraham%20sacharov&f=false
  8. ^ November 11, 1948
  9. ^ "American Committee of the Gatehead Talmudical College, Inc".
  10. ^ "American Friends Of Gateshead Talmudical College".
  11. ^ Image from flickr
  12. ^ Eišiškės, see ISBN 978-0316232395
  13. ^ http://www.uos.co.za/bethdin/dayanim.asp
  14. ^ http://www.rabbinicalcollege.edu.au/templates/articlecco_cdo/aid/1232571/jewish/Faculty.htm
  15. ^ http://www.uos.co.za/bethdin/dayanim.asp
  16. ^ Doreen Wachmann. "Rabbi wants". ... studied at Gateshead Yeshiva for eight years.
  17. ^ Rabbi Pini Dunner, Rav of Young Israel North Beverly Hills (January 26, 2017). "Memoirs of a forgotten rabbi". When I arrived at Gateshead Yeshiva ...
  18. ^ "Rabbi Jonathan Rietti". Jroot Radio. Rabbi Jonathan Rietti - a descendant of the Sephardic leader the Ben Ish Chai received his rabbinical ordination from Gateshead Yeshiva.
  • Gateshead: Its community, Its personalities, Its Institutions by Miriam Dansky, ISBN 0-944070-88-4 is a unique history of the Gateshead Jewish community and in particular its famous yeshiva.
  • Gateshead Book of Days by Jo Bath, Richard F. Stevenson (2013), ISBN 0750951923

External linksEdit