Coordinates: Gateshead Talmudical College (Hebrew: ישיבת בית יוסף גייטסהעד), popularly known as Gateshead Yeshiva, is located in the Bensham area of Gateshead in North East England. It is the largest yeshiva in Europe and considered to be one of the most prestigious advanced yeshivas in the Orthodox world. The student body currently (as of 2019) numbers approx. 350. Although students are mainly British, there are European, American, Canadians as well as some from South America, Australia and South Africa.
The yeshiva was founded in Gateshead in 1929 by Reb Dovid Dryan, with the Chofetz Chaim serving as an active patron and appointing the original head of the yeshiva. The first rosh yeshiva and menahel (principal) were respectively Rabbi Nachman Landinski and Rabbi Eliezer Kahan, both alumni of the famed Novardok yeshiva network and both of whom had escaped Communist Russia religious persecution by escaping across the border from Russia to Poland. Originally, Rabbi Avraham Sacharov was designated as first rosh yeshiva, but Chief Rabbi Joseph Hertz asked William Joynson Hicks, the Home Secretary, to block Sacharov's immigration in an attempt to prevent the establishment of a yeshiva outside his jurisdiction. The attempt failed and Landynski, Sacharov's brother-in-law, was appointed instead. At its inception, Gateshead Yeshiva was seen as a branch of Novardok, officially sharing its doctrines, ideals and methodology and named "Yeshivas Beis Yosef" in common with other branches of Novardok.
- 1929-1951: Rabbi Nachman Dovid Landinski, an alumnus of Radin, Eishyshok, Kelm, Mir, Łomża, Suvalk and Novardok yeshivas
- 1947-1979: Rabbi Leib Lopian, son of Rabbi Elyah Lopian, an alumnus of Telz yeshiva
- 1947-1982: Rabbi Leib Gurwicz, an alumnus of Mir, Baranovitch and Brisk yeshivas
- 1984-: Rosh Yeshiva: Rabbi Avrohom Gurwicz, an alumnus of Brisk yeshiva, and a past student
- Dayan Chanoch Ehrentreu, (head dayan of London Beth Din)
- Dayan Berel Berkovits zt'l (Dayan of the Federation of Synagogues)
- Rabbi Boruch Horovitz, (Rosh Yeshiva of Dvar Yerushalayim)
- Rabbi Yaakov Moshe Hillel, (Rosh Yeshiva of Ahavat Shalom)
- Rav Yitzchok Tuvia Weiss (Gaavad, Edah HaChareidis, Jerusalem)
- Professor Paul W. Franks (professor of Jewish Philosophy, Yale University)
- Dayan Casriel Dovid Kaplin (dayan of London Beth Din)
- Dayan Baruch Rapoport (dayan of The Johannesburg Beth Din)
- Rabbi Binyomin Cohen (Dean of Chabad Yeshiva, the Rabbinical College of Australia and New Zealand)
- Dayan David Baddiel (dayan of The Johannesburg Beth Din)
- Rabbi Dr. Nathan Lopes Cardozo (founder and Dean of the David Cardozo Academy)
- Rabbi Pini Dunner (Senior Rabbi at Beverly Hills Synagogue, California, USA)
- Rabbi Daniel Lapin
- Professor Ze'ev Lev (founder of the Jerusalem College of Technology)
- Rabbi Jonathan Rietti (lecturer at Gateways)
- Dayan Yehuda Refson (Chief religious judge Leeds, England)
- Omer Yankelevich, Israeli Member of Parliament, alumna of the Gateshead seminary for women.
The yeshiva was originally established as a branch of the Novardok network of yeshivas then existing in Eastern Europe. The primary focal point of Novahrdock hashkafa is extreme reliance on Divine providence and commitment to achieving spiritual goals without feeling encumbered by physical and material constraints.
Buildings and structureEdit
When Rabbi Landinski arrived in Gateshead he began to teach in the 'Blechenner Shul', a tin shed synagogue, which in 1939 was replaced with the current Gateshead community synagogue.
The original building procured by the yeshiva was at 179 Bewick Road. As the yeshiva expanded it acquired neighbouring properties in Rectory Road and 177 Bewick Road. In 1961 a new building was erected at 88 Windermere Street to house a new beth hamedresh (the hall used for study and prayer), with the dining room on the floor below and the kitchens in the basement. The old beth hamedrash building at 179 Bewick Road and neighbouring houses in Rectory Road were demolished to make way for a new two-storey dormitory block, Clore House, which was opened in 1963, forming the beginnings of the yeshiva campus. A later three-storey building further up Bewick Road joined the first dormitory block, and attached the yeshiva dormitories with the back of the study hall via a bridge. Later on,in 1992, a new building, Sebba House was built, which consisted of a state-of-the-art dormitory building for about 70 students. Later, in 1997 a new building, Tiferes Yonasan, was erected, which attached the study hall further down Windermere Street to the dormitories and extended the main building, including the study hall and the dining room. The last extension on the right hand side added more lecture halls. In addition these extensions created a courtyard leading on from the back alley, from Rydal Street.
Gateshead Foundation for TorahEdit
The Gateshead Foundation for Torah was established in 1966 "to further the publication of Jewish literature." Among the works they've published are:
Jewish Teachers' Training College, GatesheadEdit
Jewish Teachers' Training College, Gateshead (also known as Beth Midrash Lemoroth), is a school whose students were described by The New York Times as "teen-age girls." Like the schools for men, it is located on Bewick Road. It was founded by Avraham Dov Kohn in 1944, then headed by Mordechai Miller (1921-2001) and subsequently run by Kohn's son Simcha Kohn. In 2019 they began expanding their building behind their Bewick Road facility.
The course, which runs for three years, has been described as largely staffed by experienced rabbis. The vision for this school was described by Miller's son as coming from Eliyahu Eliezer Dessler.
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- Liphshiz, Cnaan (3 October 2017). "Why Orthodox Jews are flocking to this gritty English town". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Retrieved 20 September 2018.
- Sherwood, Harriet (22 December 2019). "Torah on Tyne: how Orthodox Jews carved out their very own Oxbridge". The Guardian.
- "The Gateshead Yeshivah, founded in 1929 as the Talmudical College, is the largest Charedi institution of its sort in Europe, and one of the most prestigious ... William D. Rubinstein; Michael Jolles; Hilary L. Rubinstein (2011). The Palgrave Dictionary of Anglo-Jewish History. ISBN 978-1403939104.
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Gateshead ... traveled to the elder sage of the generation, the Chofetz Chaim, ...
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- November 11, 1948
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- Image from flickr
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- "Daily Reminder: Zechiras Miriam". 28 October 2020.
Rav Moshe Schwab the Mashgiach of the Gateshead Yeshiva explained as follows
- Jonathan Rosenblum (15 January 2004). "Rabbi Eliyahu Eliezer Dessler, zt"l: Builder of Torah". London Jewish Tribune.
By early 1942, .. and Rabbi Moshe Schwab, the future Mashgiach of Gateshead Yeshiva
- "Some 6,000 talmidim have learned at the Gateshead Yeshiva since its inception.
- "Faculty - Rabbinical College of Australia and N.Z." Archived from the original on 10 March 2013.
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... studied at Gateshead Yeshiva for eight years.
- Rabbi Pini Dunner, Rav of Young Israel North Beverly Hills (26 January 2017). "Memoirs of a forgotten rabbi".
When I arrived at Gateshead Yeshiva ...
- "Rabbi Jonathan Rietti". Jroot Radio.
Rabbi Jonathan Rietti - a descendant of the Sephardic leader the Ben Ish Chai received his rabbinical ordination from Gateshead Yeshiva.
- "Rabbi Yaakov Yehuda Refson". anash.org. 2020. Retrieved 7 May 2020.
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- Aryeh Ze'ev Gurwicz (1976). Sefer Roshei she'arim.
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- Rabbi M. Miller (1979). Sabbath Shiurim: 5739. Feldheim. ISBN 0-87306-404-6.
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- Herbert Soden (28 January 2019). "Jewish Teacher Training College plans for extra classroom to be built". ChronicleLive.