Gastone Gambara

Gastone Gambara (10 November 1890 – 27 February 1962) was an Italian General who participated in the First World War and the Second World War. He excelled during the Italian intervention in favor of the nationalists in the Spanish Civil War. During the Second World War, he had an outstanding role during the North African Campaign and the repression of partisans in the Yugoslavian Campaign.

Gastone Gambara
Gastone Gambara.jpg
Born10 November 1890
Imola, Kingdom of Italy
Died27 February 1962(1962-02-27) (aged 71)
Rome, Italy
Allegiance Kingdom of Italy
Service/branch Royal Italian Army
RankLieutenant general
Battles/warsWorld War I
Spanish Civil War
World War II

Born at Imola, he fought in World War I. He was the chief of staff to Bastico during the Ethiopia.
In November 1938 he was appointed commander of the Corpo Truppe Volontarie, the Italian Corps that fought in the Spanish Civil War.[1] He was commander-in-chief of the Cuerpo de Ejercito Legionario during the Catalonia Offensive,[2] and the final offensive of the Spanish Civil War. On 30 March his troops occupied Alicante.[3]
During the Second World War, he fought in France, Libya and Yugoslavia and after the Kingdom of Italy joined the allies, he became the chief of the general staff to Graziani in the Republic of Salò.[4] After the war, Yugoslavia demanded his extradition to be put on trial for war crimes, but Italy refused.

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NotesEdit

  1. ^ Thomas, Hugh. (2001). The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. p.833
  2. ^ Thomas, Hugh. (2001). The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. p.844-849
  3. ^ Thomas, Hugh. (2001). The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. p.890
  4. ^ Thomas, Hugh. (2001). The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. p.833