Gaspard Dughet

Gaspard Dughet (15 June 1615 – 25 May 1675), also known as Gaspard Poussin, was a French painter born in Rome.

Aminta About to Rescue Silvia, c. 1633–35

LifeEdit

Dughet was born in Rome, the son of a French pastry-cook [1] and his Italian wife.[2] He has always generally been considered as a French painter, although in fact he never visited France.[1] Between around 1631 and 1635 he became a pupil of Nicolas Poussin, who had married his sister Anne five years earlier.[1] Because of this connection he was widely known as "Gaspard Poussin."[2] After leaving Poussin's studio his works developed a more fluid style and developed his pictures of storms which account for 30 out of his 400 known works. [3]

He specialised in painting landscapes of the Roman Campagna[4] becoming, along with his exact contemporary Salvator Rosa, one of the two leading landscape painters of his time.[1] He painted several cycles of frescoes, including one, showing various sites around Rome, at the Colonna Palace.[1] He worked with Pier Francesco Mola, Cozza, and Mattia Preti at the Palazzo Pamphilj in Valmontone.[4] He often collaborated with Guillaume Courtois who painted the staffage in his landscapes. This was the case, for instance, in the works for the Palazzo Pamphilj.[5] There is another fresco cycle by Dughet, though in a bad state of preservation, in San Martino ai Monti.[4]

Dughet died in Rome on 25 May 1675.

InfluenceEdit

During the 18th century Dughet's work became especially popular amongst British collectors,[2] to such an extent that his name became attached to almost any classical landscape,[1] and his style proved influential on British landscape painting and garden design.[2] His Sacrifice of Abraham, once the property of the Colonna, is now, with other of his works, in the National Gallery, London.[4] Thomas Gainsborough and John Constable were inspired by Dughet and recommended him as a model. [6]

His pupils included Crescenzio Onofri (1634–1712/14), Jacques de Rooster (fl. late 17th century) and Jan Frans van Bloemen (1662–1749).[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f Rosenberg, Pierre (1982). "DUGHET Gaspar also known as Gaspar Poussin". France in the Golden Age: Seventeenth Century Paintings in American Collections. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art. p. 243. ISBN 9780870992957.
  2. ^ a b c d "Treasure of the Month – February 2012". Wallace Collectionn. Retrieved 6 July 2015.
  3. ^ Grove Dictionary of Art vol 9 pps 375 - 378
  4. ^ a b c d Encyclopædia Britannica 1911
  5. ^ Simonetta Prosperi Valentini Rodinò, Courtois, Guillaume, in: Treccani, accessed 14 March 2015 (in Italian)
  6. ^ Grove Dictionary of Art vol 9 pps 375 - 378
  7. ^ Grove Dictionary of Art vol 9 pps 375 - 378

SourcesEdit

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