Gartner's duct

Gartner's duct, also known as Gartner's canal or the ductus longitudinalis epoophori, is a potential embryological remnant in human female development of the mesonephric duct in the development of the urinary and reproductive organs.[2] It was discovered and described in 1822 by Hermann Treschow Gartner.

Gartner's duct
PrecursorWolffian duct[1]
Latinductus longitudinalis epoophori
Anatomical terminology

Gartner's duct is located in the uterus' broad ligament. Its position is parallel with the lateral uterine tube and lateral walls of vagina and cervix.

The paired mesonephric ducts in the male, in contrast, go on to form the paired epididymis, ductus deferens, ejaculatory duct and seminal vesicle.

In females, they may persist between the layer of the broad ligament of the uterus and in the wall of the vagina.

Clinical significanceEdit

These may give rise to Gartner's duct cysts.[3]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Netter, Frank H.; Cochard, Larry R. (2002). Netter's Atlas of human embryology. Teterboro, N.J: Icon Learning Systems. p. 173. ISBN 0-914168-99-1.
  2. ^ Hakin, Surahman; Sari, Yulia Margaretta; Harzif, Achmad Kemal (2020-01-01). "Secondary cervical elongatio due to large Gartner cyst: A rare case". International Journal of Surgery Case Reports. 72: 37–40. doi:10.1016/j.ijscr.2020.05.054. ISSN 2210-2612. PMC 7283091. PMID 32506026.
  3. ^ Dwyer PL, Rosamilia A (August 2006). "Congenital urogenital anomalies that are associated with the persistence of Gartner's duct: a review". Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 195 (2): 354–9. doi:10.1016/j.ajog.2005.10.815. PMID 16890546.

External linksEdit