Garhwa district

Garhwa District is one of the twenty-four districts in the Indian state of Jharkhand. The Garhwa District is part of the Palamu division and has its administrative headquarters in Garhwa City.

Garhwa district
Location of Garhwa district in Jharkhand
Location of Garhwa district in Jharkhand
Country India
State Jharkhand
DivisionPalamu
HeadquartersGarhwa
Government
 • District magistrateRajesh Pathak IAS
 • Superintendent of PoliceShrikant Khotre IPS
Area
 • Total4,044 km2 (1,561 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,322,784
 • Density330/km2 (850/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy62.18%
 • Sex ratio933
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH 39, NH 343
Websitehttp://garhwa.nic.in

HistoryEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901185,046—    
1911205,225+1.04%
1921218,858+0.65%
1931244,325+1.11%
1941272,376+1.09%
1951294,170+0.77%
1961358,877+2.01%
1971466,404+2.66%
1981606,759+2.67%
1991801,350+2.82%
20011,035,464+2.60%
20111,322,784+2.48%
source:[1]

The Garhwa District was established on April 1, 1991, from the former Palamu district, by separating its former Garhwa sub-division. It has been a part of the Red Corridor since 2011.[2]

AdministrationEdit

The Garhwa district includes three subdivisions: Garhwa, Nagar Untari and Ranka, which are further divided into 20 blocks.

This district comprises a 156-gram panchayat and 916 villages.

It has three police sub-divisions: Garhwa, Shree Banshidhar Nagar and Ranka, with 18 police stations in Bhandaria, Ramkanda, Chinia, Dandai, Danda, Kandi, Bardiha, Ketar, Kharaundhi, Bhawnathpur, Dhurki, Ramna, Bishunpura, Garhwa, Manjhiaon Garhwa, Meral, Shree Banshidhar Nagar and Ranka.

Below is the list of blocks in Garhwa district:

  1. Bhandaria
  2. Danda
  3. Garhwa
  4. Manjhiaon
  5. Ramkanda
  6. Bishunpura
  7. Bhawnathpur
  8. Dandai
  9. Kandi
  10. Meral
  11. Ramna
  12. Ketar
  13. Sagma
  14. Chinia
  15. Dhurki
  16. Kharaundhi
  17. Shree Banshidhar Nagar
  18. Ranka
  19. Bardiha
  20. Bargarh

GeographyEdit

The Garhwa district lies between 23° 60’ and 24° 39’ north latitude and 83° 22’ and 84° 00’ east longitude. It is bordered by the Son River to the north, the Palamau district of Jharkhand state to the east, the Balrampur district of Chhattisgarh state to the south, and the Sonbhadra district of Uttar Pradesh to the west.

EconomyEdit

In 2006, the Indian government named Garhwa District one of the 250 most backward districts in the country, out of a total of 640.[3] It is one of the 21 districts in Jharkhand state currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[3]

TransportEdit

Garhwa is well-connected to roads and railways. Daily bus services are available from Ranchi and the much bigger districts of Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Bihar, but road connections in this district are not as high quality as others in the state. The district is connected to Rewa in Madhya Pradesh and Ranchi in Jharkhand by National Highway No. 39. There are 210 km of state highway, 55 km of national highway (NH-39) and 96.95 km of district roads. There is a total of 190 km link roads and corridors.[4]

The nearest airport is located at Varanasi (140 km). Garhwa Railway Station is a major railhead of the Eastern Railway zone. National Highway 39 passes through Garhwa.

DemographicsEdit

According to the 2011 census, the Garhwa district has a population of 1,322,784, roughly equal to the nation of Mauritius[5] or the US state of New Hampshire.[6] This number gives it a ranking of 368th in India, out of a total of 640. The district has a population density of 327 inhabitants per square kilometre (850/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 27.71%. Garhwa has a sex ratio of 933 females for every 1,000 males, and a literacy rate of 62.18%. 24.2% of the population are from Scheduled Castes and 15.6% are from Scheduled Tribes.[7]

Languages of Garhwa district, 2011

  Hindi (54.52%)
  Magahi (26.24%)
  Bhojpuri (7.29%)
  Sadri (5.39%)
  Urdu (5.29%)
  Others (1.27%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 54.52% of the population in the district spoke Hindi, 26.24% Magahi, 7.29% Bhojpuri, 5.39% Sadri and 5.29% Urdu as their first language. Another 11,000 speak Kurukh.[8]

PoliticsEdit

Garhwa has two assembly constituencies, Garhwa and Bhawanthpur. Both are part of Palamu Lok Sabha constituency, whose MP is Vishnu Dayal Ram from the BJP. The current MLA of Garhwa is Mithilesh Kumar Thakur of the JMM, while the Bhawanthpur MLA is Bhanu Pratap Sahi of the BJP.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  2. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  3. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 5, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-04-26. Retrieved 2012-04-22.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Mauritius 1,303,717 July 2011 est.
  6. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2011-01-01. Retrieved 2011-09-30. New Hampshire 1,316,470
  7. ^ "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  8. ^ "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 2021-06-17.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 24°10′12″N 83°48′36″E / 24.17000°N 83.81000°E / 24.17000; 83.81000