Garcinia subelliptica

Garcinia subelliptica, commonly known as the happiness or Fukugi tree, is an evergreen tree found in coastal forests of East and Southeast Asia, specifically the Ryukyu Islands of Japan, Taiwan, Philippines, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, and India.[1]

Garcinia subelliptica
Fukugi Tree (Garcinia subelliptica) 1.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Clusiaceae
Genus: Garcinia
G. subelliptica
Binomial name
Garcinia subelliptica
Merr. 1908

Trees are 6–20 meters high with ovate-oblong or elliptical thick leathery leaves. Fruits are smooth and yellow with 1-4 seeds.[2]

The tree is widely planted in the Ryukyu Islands as a windbreak and ornamental, and the bark is a traditional dye.[citation needed] It is the floral emblem for the towns of Motobu and Tarama.


  1. ^ Wu, Z. Y.; P. H. Raven; D. Y. Hong, eds. (2007). Flora of China. Vol. 13 (Clusiaceae through Araliaceae). Science Press, Beijing, and Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis. p. 42.
  2. ^ "Plant Detail - Garcinia subelliptica". Flora Fauna Web. Retrieved 2019-06-01.

External linksEdit