Garður (Icelandic pronunciation: ​[ˈkarðʏr̥]) is a former municipality and town located in southwestern Iceland, bordered by the Faxaflói Bay on the Southern Peninsula. In 2018 it merged with Sandgerði to create the new municipality of Suðurnesjabær.[1]

Garður
Aerial view of Garður in 2018
Aerial view of Garður in 2018
Coat of arms of Garður
Location of the municipality
Location of the municipality
Garður is located in Iceland
Garður
Garður
Coordinates: 64°04′N 22°38′W / 64.067°N 22.633°W / 64.067; -22.633Coordinates: 64°04′N 22°38′W / 64.067°N 22.633°W / 64.067; -22.633
CountryIceland
RegionSouthern Peninsula
ConstituencySouthwest Constituency
Government
 • MayorMagnús Stefánsson
Area
 • Total21 km2 (8 sq mi)
Population
 • Total1,409
 • Density67.10/km2 (173.8/sq mi)
Postal code(s)
250
Municipal number2504
Websitesvgardur.is

The town Garður, which means garden or yard, was named after one of the many earthen walls once erected on the boundaries between local properties.[2] Garður was mentioned in the Book of Settlement when Ingólfur Arnarson, the first settler in Iceland, gave his cousin Steinunn Gamla this area of land.[3]

OverviewEdit

 
The old lighthouse in Garður at Reykjanes Peninsula Iceland
 
The Church Útskálar at Garður[4]

The rich fishing grounds by the shore remain the town's economic base. A great deal of fishing was carried out here in earlier centuries, and there are relics to be found along the shore. Garður remains a strong fishing center with fish processing firms.

The Garður Peninsula Historical Museum, which is located at the peninsula, tells the story of the fishermen and the history of the people who lived and worked in the community.[5]

Garður is also known for its lighthouses. The old Garðskagi Lighthouse [ˈkarðsˌskaijɪ] was built in 1897 and was used until recently as a centre for studying the thousands of migrating birds which arrive there from Greenland and North America every year to breed on the surrounding shore. Today there is a restaurant located here, known as The Old Lighthouse Cafe/Rostin Restaurant which serves a small menu of meals. A new one was built in 1944.[3]

SportsEdit

The local sports club is called Víðir. Their football team played the 2011 season in the men's third division. They last played in Iceland's top tier in 1991.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Við áramót, 29 Dec 2018.
  2. ^ "Garður (Town of Gardur, Reykjanes, South Iceland)". Archived from the original on 2012-03-20. Retrieved 2011-02-26.
  3. ^ a b "Hit Iceland information page about Iceland"
  4. ^ http://hiticeland.com/towns_and_villages_in_iceland/gar%C3%B0ur
  5. ^ Garður Peninsula Historical Museum (Byggðasafn Garðskaga)
  6. ^ Iceland 1991 - RSSSF

External linksEdit