Open main menu

Gaositwe Keagakwa Tibe Chiepe (born 20 October 1922)[1] is a former Botswana politician and diplomat with the Botswana Democratic Party.

Gaositwe Keagakwa Tibe Chiepe
Gaositwe Chiepe 1985 portrait.jpg
Minister of Trade and Industry
In office
1977–1984
Minister of Education
In office
1994–1999
Personal details
Born (1922-10-20) 20 October 1922 (age 96)
NationalityMotswana
Political partyBotswana Democratic Party
ResidenceBotswana
Alma materTiger Kloof Educational Institute, South Africa, Fort Hare University

Early lifeEdit

Chiepe was born in what was then the Bechuanaland Protectorate (now Botswana) on 20 October 1922, to Moruti Tibe Chiepe and S. T. Chiepe (née Sebina). Her father died when she was very young and her extended family wanted her to leave school and get married, Her mother insisted she stayed on at school to continue her education. Chiepe later attributed her successful career to her mother’s insistence that she be educated.[2]

EducationEdit

She attended primary school in Serowe and eventually went to Tiger Kloof Educational Institute, South Africa for secondary education, having received a scholarship as the best student in the country.[2]

She then attended Fort Hare University, also in South Africa, where she received a Bachelor of Science as well as a degree in education.

In 1958, she graduated from the University of Bristol in the UK with a master's degree.[3] Her thesis was entitled "An Investigation of the Problems of Popular Education in the Bechuanaland Protectorate in Light of a Comparative Study of Similar Problems in the Early Stages of English Education and in the Development of Education in Yugoslavia and Uganda."

She was awarded an honorary degree from Depaul University, United States.

She began her career in the Bechuanaland Protectorate Government in the Department of Education and was one of the first two Africans appointed to an administrative position (Education Officer) in the colonial government.[4]

Political careerEdit

Chiepe was the first female cabinet member in Botswana (1974) having become a Specially-Elected Member of Parliament. She was popularly elected to parliament from the Serowe South constituency in the Central District of Botswana in a by-election in 1977.

She was appointed to the post of high commissioner to United Kingdom and Nigeria and ambassador to West Germany, France, Denmark, Norway, Sweden and the European Economic Community from 1970 to 1974. During her time as High Commissioner in the UK, she chaired the fifth Caroline Haslett Memorial Lecture at the Royal Society of Arts. Run by the Women's Engineering Society, Dr Letitia Obeng, then Director of Freshwater Research Institute of Aquatic Biology in Ghana spoke on 'Nation Building & the African Woman'.[5]

From 1974 to 1977, Chiepe was the minister of Trade and Industry. From 1977 to 1984, she was the minister of Mines & Natural Resources.

In 1984, Chiepe became the Foreign Minister (minister of external relations), in which position she remained until 1994.

From 1994 to 1999, she was the Minister of Education.

Chiepe retired from government life in 1999 after nearly 30 years of high level positions.

In 2013, she was the headline speaker at Botswana's International Day of Older Persons held in the Mokolodi Nature Reserve, saying ““We want to be ‘the aged in counsel and the young in action....Let us, as the elderly not be relegated to being dinosaurs but utilize our knowledge and hard earned wisdom to not only increase our relevance and longevity in society, but also increase the contact between generations, bridging the gap between young and old.” [6]

RecognitionEdit

Chiepe has been awarded both the Presidential Order of Merit and the Presidential Order of Meritorious Service (Botswana), and been made a Commander of the Royal Order of the Polar Star by the King of Sweden and a Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE).[2]

She has received honorary doctorates from University of Bristol in Britain, De Paul University in United States and Fort Hare in South Africa. In 2009 she was awarded an honorary Doctorate of Laws by the University of Botswana for her outstanding work in the development of the country.[2]

PublicationsEdit

Thesis (Ph.D.) University of Bristol, 1957. An investigation of the problems of popular education in the Bechuanaland Protectorate : in the light of a comparative study of similar problems in the early stages of English education and in the development of education in Yugoslavia and Uganda.

Chiepe, G.K.T.. (1973). Development in Botswana. African Affairs. 72. 319-322. 10.1093/oxfordjournals.afraf.a096390.

Rensburg, Patrick & Chiepe, G. (1996). Education with Production--An Overview [and] The Botswana Brigades, 1965-1995.

SourcesEdit

  1. ^ "Index Ch". www.rulers.org. Retrieved 15 September 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d Akyeampong, Emmanuel K.; Gates, Henry Louis, eds. (2011-01-01). "Dictionary of African Biography". doi:10.1093/acref/9780195382075.001.0001. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  3. ^ "Dream big: 7 famous female Bristol Alumni you should know". Epigram. 2019-03-08. Retrieved 2019-10-01.
  4. ^ Gossett, C.W. "The Civil Service in Botswana," Ph.D dissertation, Stanford University, 1986, p. 372.
  5. ^ "The Woman Engineer". www2.theiet.org. Retrieved 2019-10-01.
  6. ^ "Sunday Standard". Sunday Standard.
Political offices
Preceded by
Archibald Mogwe
Foreign Minister of Botswana
1985–1994
Succeeded by
Mompati Merafhe