Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture

Coordinates: 34°59′N 102°55′E / 34.98°N 102.91°E / 34.98; 102.91

Gānnán Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture (Chinese: 甘南藏族自治州; pinyin: Gānnán Zàngzú Zìzhìzhōu; Tibetan: ཀན་ལྷོ་བོད་རིགས་རང་སྐྱོང་ཁུལ་, Wylie: Kan-lho Bod-rigs rang-skyong-khul, ZYPY: Gainlho Poirig Ranggyong Kü) is an autonomous prefecture in southern Gansu Province, China. It includes Xiahe and the Labrang Monastery, Luqu, Maqu and other mostly Tibetan towns and villages. Gannan has an area of 40,898 km2 (15,791 sq mi) and its capital is Hezuo (Zoi). In the first year of the proclamation of Gannan Autonomous District, the district-seat was at the Labrang Town of Sangqu.

Gannan Prefecture
甘南州 · ཀན་ཁུལ།
Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
甘南藏族自治州 · ཀན་ལྷོ་བོད་རིགས་རང་སྐྱོང་ཁུལ་
Labrang Monastery, Xiahe County, Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
Labrang Monastery, Xiahe County, Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
Location of Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture within Gansu
Location of Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture within Gansu
CountryChina
ProvinceGansu
Prefecture SeatHezuo
Government
 • TypeAutonomous prefecture
 • CCP SecretaryYu Chenghui
 • Congress ChairmanTashi Cao
 • GovernorZhao Lingyun
 • CPPCC ChairmanRinchen Thondup
Area
 • Total40,898 km2 (15,791 sq mi)
Population
 (2010[citation needed])
 • Total689,132
 • Density17/km2 (44/sq mi)
 • Major Ethnic Groups
Tibetan−51.44%
Han−41.75%
Hui−6.43%
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
ISO 3166 codeCN-GS-30
Websitewww.gn.gansu.gov.cn

PopulationEdit

According to the 2010 census, Gannan has 689,132 inhabitants[1] (population density: 17.14 inhabitants per km2).

Ethnic groups in Gannan, 2000 censusEdit

Nationality Population Percentage
Tibetan 329,278 51.44%
Han 267,260 41.75%
Hui 41,163 6.43%
Tu 939 0.15%
Dongxiang 258 0.04%
Manchu 257 0.04%
Salar 222 0.03%
Mongols 215 0.03%
Others 514 0.09%

TransportEdit

In the prefecture is high-way G213. In 2013, the Gannan Xiahe Airport was opened.

SubdivisionsEdit

1 county level city, 7 counties.

Map

Note: Lianhuashan National Nature Reserve is part of Lintan County.
Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Tibetan Wylie
Tibetan Pinyin
Population
(2010 Census)
Area (km2) Density
(/km2)
Hezuo City
(Zoi City)
合作市 Hézuò Shì གཙོས་གྲོང་ཁྱེར། gtsos grong khyer
Zoi Chongkyir
90,290 2,670 33.81
Lintan County 临潭县 Líntán Xiàn བ་ཙེ་རྫོང་། lin than rdzong
Lintain Zong
137,001 1,557 87.99
Jonê County
(Zhuoni County)
卓尼县 Zhuóní Xiàn ཅོ་ནེ་རྫོང་། co ne rdzong
Jonê Zong
100,522 5,694 17.65
Zhouqu County
(Zhugqu County)
舟曲县 Zhōuqū Xiàn འབྲུག་ཆུ་རྫོང་། 'brug chu rdzong
Zhugqu Zong
132,108 3,010 43.88
Têwo County
(Diebu County)
迭部县 Diébù Xiàn ཐེ་བོ་རྫོང་། the bo rdzong
Têwo Zong
52,166 5,108 10.21
Maqu County 玛曲县 Mǎqū Xiàn རྨ་ཆུ་རྫོང་། rma chu rdzong
Maqu Zong
54,745 10,190 6.72
Luqu County 碌曲县 Lùqū Xiàn ཀླུ་ཆུ་རྫོང་། klu chu rdzong
Gluqu Zong
35,630 5,298 6.72
Xiahe County
(Sangqu County)
夏河县 Xiàhé Xiàn བསང་ཆུ་རྫོང་། bsang chu rdzong
Sangqu Zong
86,670 6,674 12.98

ClimateEdit

Gannan, as illustrated by this chart for Xiahe, has an alpine subarctic climate (Köppen Dwc) that grades into an alpine climate (ETH) at the highest elevations. The climate is characterised by mild, rainy summers and frigid, but dry and sunny, winters.

Climate data for Xiahe County
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 5
(41)
7
(45)
10
(50)
13
(55)
17
(63)
21
(70)
19
(66)
17
(63)
15
(59)
9
(48)
8
(46)
5
(41)
12
(54)
Average low °C (°F) −18
(0)
−16
(3)
−12
(10)
−8
(18)
−6
(21)
−2
(28)
3
(37)
1
(34)
−3
(27)
−7
(19)
−12
(10)
−16
(3)
−8
(18)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 6
(0.2)
15
(0.6)
14
(0.6)
62
(2.4)
101
(4.0)
105
(4.1)
174
(6.9)
120
(4.7)
139
(5.5)
44
(1.7)
9
(0.4)
3
(0.1)
792
(31.2)
Source: [2]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Census 2012 http://www.geohive.com/cntry/cn-62.aspx Archived 2013-01-27 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "NASA Earth Observations Data Set Index". NASA. Retrieved 30 January 2016.

Further readingEdit

  • A. Gruschke: The Cultural Monuments of Tibet’s Outer Provinces: Amdo - Volume 2. The Gansu and Sichuan Parts of Amdo, White Lotus Press, Bangkok 2001. ISBN 974-480-049-6
  • Tsering Shakya: The Dragon in the Land of Snows. A History of Modern Tibet Since 1947, London 1999, ISBN 0-14-019615-3

External linksEdit