Muppala Lakshmana Rao, commonly known by his nom de guerre Ganapathy or Ganapathi, is the leader of the Indian Maoist movement and former General Secretary of the Communist Party of India (Maoist), a banned Maoist insurgent communist party in India. He resigned from the post in November 2018.
Muppala Lakshmana Rao
|Occupation||Politician, Former General Secretary of Communist Party of India (Maoist)|
|Organization||Communist Party of India (Maoist)|
|Known for||Far-left politics|
Ganapathy was born in Sarangapur, Karimnagar district of Telangana. He is a science graduate and also holds a B.Ed. degree. He worked as teacher in Karimnagar district but deserted his job to pursue higher education in Warangal.
Early political lifeEdit
In Warangal, Ganapathy came in touch with the Maoist cadres Nalla Adi Reddy and Kondapalli Seetharamaiah, and eventually he also decided to join the Naxalite movement in the country. He was one of the early members of Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) People's War (People's War Group) and grew as General Secretary of the party that is now called as Communist Party of India (Maoist), an output of the merger of People's War Group and Maoist Communist Centre of India (MCCI) that took place in 2004. He remains active in the so-called red belt of India including the Bastar region of Chhattisgarh.
Other than Ganapathy he is known by several other aliases viz Mupalla Lakshman Rao, Shrinivas, Rajanna, Raji Reddy, Radhakrishna, GP, Chandrasekhar, Azith and CS.
Ganapathy tends to be reclusive and difficult to meet, and has only done a few interviews. This includes an in-depth interview with Chindu Sreedharan of rediff.com in 1998, with the BBC, and with Rahul Pandita, a journalist from Open magazine and the author of "Hello Bastar".
Role in Maoist activitiesEdit
Ganapathy is one of the most wanted persons by the Indian security forces for his role in several Naxal activities. National Investigation Agency has announced an award of ₹ 1,500,000 for any information leading to his arrest. The total bounty on his head is the highest currently in India, which is ₹ 36,000,000. He has been replaced by his second-in-command Nambala Keshava Rao alias Basavaraj in November 2018 due to ill health. Ganapathy has been replaced his position as Maoist general secretary and was suspected to have fled to the Philippines through Nepal.
- Sekhri, Abhinav (16 February 2012). "Intrview with Rahul Pandita". News laundry India.
- LIST OF ORGANISATIONS DECLARED AS TERRORIST ORGANISATIONS UNDER THE UNLAWFUL ACTIVITIES (PREVENTION) ACT, 1967 - Ministry of Home Affairs Archived 2010-09-28 at the Wayback Machine
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- Rahul Pandita. Hello Bastar: The Untold Story Of India’s Maoist Movement. Tranquebar Press (2011). ISBN 978-93-8065834-6.Chapter VI. p. 111
- "We Shall Certainly Defeat the Government" OPEN. Retrieved 5 January 2013
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- Pandita, Rahul (10 June 2011). Hello, Bastar: The Untold Story Of India's Maoist Movement. New Delhi: Tranquebar. ISBN 978-9380658346.
- "हाफ़िज़ या दाऊद से ज़्यादा इन पर है इनाम". BBC Hindi. Retrieved 12 September 2014.
- "CPI (Maoist) gets a new leader". indiatoday.in. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- Choudhury, Rabindra Nath (1 December 2018). "Maoist boss Ganapathy may have fled to Philippines". Deccan Chronicle. Retrieved 23 August 2019.