Ganapathy (Maoist)

Muppala Lakshmana Rao, commonly known by his nom de guerre Ganapathy or Ganapathi, is the leader of the Indian Maoist movement[1] and former General Secretary of the Communist Party of India (Maoist), a banned[2] Maoist insurgent[3] communist party in India. He resigned from the post in November 2018.[4]

Muppala Lakshmana Rao
Born (1949-06-16) 16 June 1949 (age 71)
Other namesGanapathy
OccupationPolitician, Former General Secretary of Communist Party of India (Maoist)
OrganizationCommunist Party of India (Maoist)
Known forFar-left politics

Early lifeEdit

Ganapathy was born in Sarangapur, Karimnagar district of Telangana. He is a science graduate and also holds a B.Ed. degree.[5] He worked as teacher in Karimnagar district but deserted his job to pursue higher education in Warangal.[6][7]

Early political lifeEdit

In Warangal, Ganapathy came in touch with the Maoist cadres Nalla Adi Reddy and Kondapalli Seetharamaiah, and eventually he also decided to join the Naxalite movement in the country. He was one of the early members of Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) People's War (People's War Group) and grew as General Secretary of the party that is now called as Communist Party of India (Maoist), an output of the merger of People's War Group and Maoist Communist Centre of India (MCCI) that took place in 2004. He remains active in the so-called red belt of India including the Bastar region of Chhattisgarh.[8]

Other than Ganapathy he is known by several other aliases viz Mupalla Lakshman Rao, Shrinivas, Rajanna, Raji Reddy, Radhakrishna, GP, Chandrasekhar, Azith and CS.[7]

Personal lifeEdit

Ganapathy tends to be reclusive and difficult to meet, and has only done a few interviews. This includes an in-depth interview with Chindu Sreedharan of in 1998, with the BBC, and with Rahul Pandita, a journalist from Open magazine and the author of "Hello Bastar".[1]

Role in Maoist activitiesEdit

Ganapathy is one of the most wanted persons by the Indian security forces for his role in several Naxal activities. National Investigation Agency has announced an award of 1,500,000 for any information leading to his arrest.[7] The total bounty on his head is the highest currently in India, which is 36,000,000.[9] He has been replaced by his second-in-command Nambala Keshava Rao alias Basavaraj in November 2018 due to ill health.[10] Ganapathy has been replaced his position as Maoist general secretary and was suspected to have fled to the Philippines through Nepal.[11]


  1. ^ a b Sekhri, Abhinav (16 February 2012). "Intrview with Rahul Pandita". News laundry India.
  3. ^ Deepak Kapoor, AVSM PVSM, SM VSM Chief of Army Staff (India) (2009). South Asia Defence And Strategic Year Book. Pentagon Press. pp. 62–63. ISBN 978-8182743991.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  4. ^
  5. ^ Rahul Pandita. Hello Bastar: The Untold Story Of India’s Maoist Movement. Tranquebar Press (2011). ISBN 978-93-8065834-6.Chapter VI. p. 111
  6. ^ "We Shall Certainly Defeat the Government" OPEN. Retrieved 5 January 2013
  7. ^ a b c "Wanted - National Investigation Agency". National Investigation Agency. Archived from the original on 13 July 2013. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
  8. ^ Pandita, Rahul (10 June 2011). Hello, Bastar: The Untold Story Of India's Maoist Movement. New Delhi: Tranquebar. ISBN 978-9380658346.
  9. ^ "हाफ़िज़ या दाऊद से ज़्यादा इन पर है इनाम". BBC Hindi. Retrieved 12 September 2014.
  10. ^ "CPI (Maoist) gets a new leader". Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  11. ^ Choudhury, Rabindra Nath (1 December 2018). "Maoist boss Ganapathy may have fled to Philippines". Deccan Chronicle. Retrieved 23 August 2019.

External linksEdit