Gananoque (// GAN-ə-NOK-way) is a town in the Leeds and Grenville area of Ontario, Canada. The town had a population of 5,194 year-round residents in the Canada 2011 Census, as well as summer residents sometimes referred to as "Islanders" because of the Thousand Islands in the Saint Lawrence River, Gananoque's most important tourist attraction. The Gananoque River flows through the town and the St. Lawrence River serves as the southern boundary of the town.
|Town of Gananoque|
King Street, the main street in Gananoque
Gateway to the Thousand Islands; Gan, the Noq
Pax Vobiscum (Latin: "Peace Be With You")
|County||Leeds and Grenville|
|• Mayor||Ted Lojko|
|• Federal riding||Leeds—Grenville|
|• Prov. riding||Leeds—Grenville|
|• Land||7.03 km2 (2.71 sq mi)|
|• Density||733.6/km2 (1,900/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
The town's name is an aboriginal name which means "town on two rivers". The town's name rhymes with the place name Cataraqui, which appears in the Cataraqui River, the Little Cataraqui Creek, and the Cataraqui Cemetery in nearby Kingston, Ontario. One way to remember its pronunciation is "The right way, the wrong way, and the Gananoque". In eastern Ontario speech, the town name is often abbreviated to Gan.
During the War of 1812, American forces raided the government depot in the town to disrupt the flow of British supplies between Kingston and Montreal. The raiders seized the supplies they found and burned the depot. Within a month of the raid, construction of the Gananoque Blockhouse was started, with completion in 1813. It had an octagonal log parapet containing five guns. The blockhouse was abandoned after the War of 1812 and given to a private landowner.
Gananoque lies directly on three of Canada's busiest transportation routes: the four-lane Highway 401, the double-track Canadian National Railway main line, and the St. Lawrence Seaway. It is also home to a rich provincial highway heritage, being home to the remaining stretch of Highway 2. It is the western terminus of the Thousand Islands Parkway, and a short drive from the Thousand Islands Bridge, which crosses into the United States as Interstate 81. Gananoque is served by the Gananoque Airport for general aviation.
Historically, the Gananoque River's watershed had been an important water transportation corridor, extending north to the Rideau River watershed and playing a key role in the town's early history and economic importance. In 1830, water was diverted near Newboro to the Cataraqui River as part of the Rideau Canal, sending this traffic instead to Kingston.
- 0–14 years: 17.3%
- 15–64 years: 60.8%
- 65 years and over: 21.9%
- Population in 2016: 5159
- Population in 2011: 5194
- Population in 2006: 5285
- Population in 2001: 5167
- Population in 1996: 5219 (or 5217 when adjusted for boundary changes)
- Population in 1991: 5209
Total private dwellings, excluding seasonal cottages: 2,404 (total: 2,516).
- English as first language: 94.2%
- French as first language: 1.3%
- English and French as first language: 0.4%
- Other as first language: 4.1%
Gananoque Police ServiceEdit
Gananoque Police Service is a small law enforcement agency in the Eastern Ontario community of Gananoque.
The current Chief of Police is Garry E. Hull. Unlike other Towns and Villages of Ontario which have disbanded their municipal police forces in favour of contracting with the Ontario Provincial Police, the Gananoque Police Service continues to grow.
- Harry Brown—Gananoque born recipient of the Victoria Cross for actions during the Battle of Hill 70 during the First World War
- Frank Belknap Long—Famed horror and science fiction writer Long spent his summer family vacations in the vicinity with his parents, between the ages of six months and 17 (1901–1918).
Gananoque is referred to as the "Gateway to the Thousand Islands," which lie next to it in the St. Lawrence River. Local attractions include boat cruises to the Thousand Islands and Boldt Castle, NY, live theatre, the summer theatre festival of The Thousand Islands Playhouse, the Arthur Child Heritage Museum of the 1000 Islands and the OLG Casino Thousand Islands. The theatre company in Gananoque is The Thousand Islands Playhouse which operates two theatre spaces: The Springer Theatre, and the Firehall Theatre, attracting international attention since 1982.
The Thousand Islands – Frontenac Arch Biosphere Reserve, designated in November 2002, is the third in Ontario, the twelfth in Canada, and one of over 400 around the world, and is part of UNESCO’s program on Man and the Biosphere.