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Game Freak Inc. (Japanese: 株式会社ゲームフリーク, Hepburn: Kabushiki gaisha Gēmu Furīku) is a Japanese video game developer, best known as the primary developer of the Pokémon series of role-playing video games published by Nintendo.

Game Freak Inc.
IndustryVideo game
FoundedApril 26, 1989; 30 years ago (1989-04-26)
FoundersSatoshi Tajiri
Ken Sugimori
HeadquartersTokyo, Japan
Key people
ProductsPokémon series
Number of employees
143 (2018)
SubsidiariesKoa Games
The covers of several issues of Game Freak magazine


Predating the video game company, Game Freak was a self-published video game magazine created by Satoshi Tajiri and Ken Sugimori in the 1980s. Tajiri wrote and edited the text and Sugimori illustrated. Tajiri also used "Game Freak" as his pen name when he wrote as a freelance writer to publications such as Family Computer Magazine and Famicom Tsūshin.[1][2]

On April 26, 1989, Tajiri and Sugimori started a video game development company with the same name.[3][4][5][6] One of Game Freak's first games was the Nintendo Entertainment System action and puzzle game Quinty, which was released in North America as Mendel Palace. Its most popular series, Pokémon—the romanized portmanteau of the Japanese brand Pocket Monsters (ポケットモンスター, Poketto Monsutā)[7]—is published and distributed respectively by The Pokémon Company and Nintendo worldwide.

In October 2015, Game Freak bought Koa Games, a mobile development company.[8]

In May 2019, Game Freak director Masayuki Onoue revealed that Game Freak is increasingly prioritizing original game creation, in order to grow the experience of its staff[9] . The company's Gear Project initiative, which encourages creators to pitch original game ideas during quiet periods, has so far resulted in original games HarmoKnight, Pocket Card Jockey, Tembo the Badass Elephant and Giga Wrecker.[10]


List of video games developed by Game Freak
Year Title Publisher Platform(s)
1989 Mendel Palace NamcoJP, Hudson SoftNA Nintendo Entertainment System
1991 Smart Ball Sony Music Entertainment Japan Super Nintendo Entertainment System
Yoshi Nintendo NES, Game Boy
1992 Magical Tarurūto-kun Sega Mega Drive
1993 Mario & Wario Nintendo SNES
1994 Nontan to Issho: Kuru-Kuru Puzzle Victor Interactive Software Game Boy, Super Famicom
Pulseman Sega Mega Drive
1996 Pokémon Red and Blue Nintendo Game Boy
Bazaar de Gosāru no Game de Gosāru NEC PC Engine
1997 Bushi Seiryūden: Futari no Yūsha T&E Soft Super Famicom
1998 Game Boy Camera Nintendo Game Boy
Pokémon Yellow Nintendo Game Boy
1999 Pokémon Gold and Silver Nintendo Game Boy Color
Click Medic Sony Music Entertainment Japan PlayStation
2000 Pokémon Crystal Nintendo Game Boy Color
2002 Pokémon Ruby and Sapphire Nintendo
The Pokémon Company
Game Boy Advance
2004 Pokémon FireRed and LeafGreen Nintendo
The Pokémon Company
Game Boy Advance
Pokémon Emerald Nintendo
The Pokémon Company
Game Boy Advance
2005 Drill Dozer Nintendo Game Boy Advance
2006 Pokémon Diamond and Pearl Nintendo
The Pokémon Company
Nintendo DS
2008 Pokémon Platinum Nintendo
The Pokémon Company
Nintendo DS
2009 Pokémon HeartGold and SoulSilver Nintendo
The Pokémon Company
Nintendo DS
2010 Pokémon Black and White Nintendo
The Pokémon Company
Nintendo DS
2012 Pokémon Black 2 and White 2 Nintendo
The Pokémon Company
Nintendo DS
HarmoKnight Nintendo Nintendo 3DS
2013 Pocket Card Jockey[11] Game FreakJP, NintendoWW Nintendo 3DS, iOS, Android
Pokémon X and Y Nintendo
The Pokémon Company
Nintendo 3DS
2014 Pokémon Omega Ruby and Alpha Sapphire
2015 Tembo the Badass Elephant Sega Xbox One, PlayStation 4, Windows
2016 Pokémon Sun and Moon Nintendo
The Pokémon Company
Nintendo 3DS
2017 Giga Wrecker Rising Star Games Windows
Pokémon Ultra Sun and Ultra Moon Nintendo
The Pokémon Company
Nintendo 3DS
2018 Pokémon Quest Nintendo
The Pokémon Company
Nintendo Switch, iOS, Android
Pokémon Let's Go, Pikachu! and Let's Go, Eevee! Nintendo
The Pokémon Company
Nintendo Switch
2019 Giga Wrecker Alt[12] Rising Star Games PlayStation 4, Xbox One, Nintendo Switch
Little Town Hero[13] Game Freak Nintendo Switch
Pokémon Sword and Shield Nintendo
The Pokémon Company
Nintendo Switch


  1. ^ Satoshi Tajiri (January 6, 1989). ぼくたちゲーセン野郎. Family Computer Magazine (in Japanese): 114–115. Retrieved November 29, 2015.
  2. ^ Satoshi Tajiri (August 1, 1986). ビデヲゲーム通信. Biweekly Famicom Journal (in Japanese). Retrieved November 29, 2015.
  3. ^ Kohler, Chris (April 19, 2010). "Pokémon Creators' Fanzine Fetches High Price". Wired.
  4. ^ "COLUMN: 'Game Mag Weaseling': Just Checking In". GameSetWatch.
  5. ^ Previous post Next post (April 19, 2010). "Pokémon Creators' Fanzine Fetches High Price | GameLife". Retrieved November 16, 2010.
  6. ^ Gifford, Kevin (April 7, 2008). "COLUMN: 'Game Mag Weaseling': Just Checking In". GameSetWatch. Retrieved November 16, 2010.
  7. ^ Swider, Matt. "The Pokemon Series Pokedex". Gaming Target. Gaming Target. Retrieved February 28, 2007.
  8. ^ "Pokémon Developer Game Freak Has Purchased a Mobile Game Development Company".
  9. ^ Robinson, Andy. "Game Freak 'prioritising' original game projects". Video Games Chronicle.
  10. ^ Robinson, Andy. "Game Freak interview: 'We're trying to create something more than Pokemon'". Video Games Chronicle.
  11. ^ "Pocket Card Jockey for Nintendo 3DS". Nintendo of America, Inc. Retrieved May 7, 2016.
  12. ^ Good, Owen (January 18, 2019). "Game Freak's Giga Wrecker is coming to consoles in 2019". Polygon. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  13. ^ Marks, Tom (September 4, 2019). "Game Freak's Little Town Hero Releases Next Month". IGN. Retrieved September 5, 2019.

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