Gallicolumba is a mid-sized genus of ground-dwelling doves (family Columbidae) which occur in rainforests on the Philippines. They are not closely related to the American ground doves (genus Columbina and related genera). Rather, the present genus is closest to the thick-billed ground pigeon.
|Luzon bleeding-heart, Gallicolumba luzonica|
Phlegoenas Reichenbach, 1852
This genus includes the bleeding-hearts known from the Philippines. Most are named for their vivid-red patch on the breast, which looks startlingly like a bleeding wound in some species and has reminded naturalists of a dagger stab. The diet of doves of this genus consists of fruits and seed.
Systematics and extinctionsEdit
Gallicolumba might be ranked as a (very small) subfamily, but the available data suggests that they are better considered part of a quite basal radiation of Columbidae which consists of many small and often bizarre lineages (e.g. Goura and Otidiphaps which are ecologically convergent to Galliformes, and maybe even the famous didines (Raphinae).
The genus contains seven species:
- Sulawesi ground dove, Gallicolumba tristigmata
- Cinnamon ground dove, Gallicolumba rufigula
- Luzon bleeding-heart, Gallicolumba luzonica
- Mindanao bleeding-heart, Gallicolumba crinigera
- Mindoro bleeding-heart, Gallicolumba platenae
- Negros bleeding-heart, Gallicolumba keayi
- Sulu bleeding-heart, Gallicolumba menagei - possibly extinct (late 1990s?)
- Johann Georg Heck: Bilder-Atlas zum Conversations-Lexikon. Verlag Leipzig, Brockhaus, 1849.
- Gill, Frank; Donsker, David; Rasmussen, Pamela, eds. (2020). "Pigeons". IOC World Bird List Version 10.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
- Jønsson, K.A.; Irestedt, M.; Bowie, R.C.K.; Christidis, L.; Fjeldså, J. (2011). "Systematics and biogeography of Indo-Pacific ground-doves". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 59 (2): 538–543. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2011.01.007.
- Moyle, R.G.; Jones, R.M.; Andersen, M.J. (2013). "A reconsideration of Gallicolumba (Aves: Columbidae) relationships using fresh source material reveals pseudogenes, chimeras, and a novel phylogenetic hypothesis". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 66: 1060–1066. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2012.11.024.