Gallicolumba is a mid-sized genus of ground-dwelling doves (family Columbidae) which occur in rainforests on the Philippines. They are not closely related to the American ground doves (genus Columbina and related genera). Rather, the present genus is closest to the thick-billed ground pigeon.

Australien2010 0547 LuzonBleedingHeart.jpg
Luzon bleeding-heart, Gallicolumba luzonica
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Columbiformes
Family: Columbidae
Subfamily: Columbinae
Genus: Gallicolumba
Heck, 1849[1]
See text

Phlegoenas Reichenbach, 1852

This genus includes the bleeding-hearts known from the Philippines. Most are named for their vivid-red patch on the breast, which looks startlingly like a bleeding wound in some species and has reminded naturalists of a dagger stab. The diet of doves of this genus consists of fruits and seed.

Systematics and extinctionsEdit

Gallicolumba might be ranked as a (very small) subfamily, but the available data suggests that they are better considered part of a quite basal radiation of Columbidae which consists of many small and often bizarre lineages (e.g. Goura and Otidiphaps which are ecologically convergent to Galliformes, and maybe even the famous didines (Raphinae).

The genus contains seven species:[2]

Many of the Pacific ground doves were removed from Gallicolumba (which was non-monophyletic) and reassigned to the genus Alopecoenas, which was later renamed Pampusana.[2][3][4]


  1. ^ Johann Georg Heck: Bilder-Atlas zum Conversations-Lexikon. Verlag Leipzig, Brockhaus, 1849.
  2. ^ a b Gill, Frank; Donsker, David; Rasmussen, Pamela, eds. (2020). "Pigeons". IOC World Bird List Version 10.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
  3. ^ Jønsson, K.A.; Irestedt, M.; Bowie, R.C.K.; Christidis, L.; Fjeldså, J. (2011). "Systematics and biogeography of Indo-Pacific ground-doves". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 59 (2): 538–543. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2011.01.007.
  4. ^ Moyle, R.G.; Jones, R.M.; Andersen, M.J. (2013). "A reconsideration of Gallicolumba (Aves: Columbidae) relationships using fresh source material reveals pseudogenes, chimeras, and a novel phylogenetic hypothesis". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 66: 1060–1066. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2012.11.024.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Gallicolumba at Wikimedia Commons   Data related to Gallicolumba at Wikispecies