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The Galleon Group was one of the largest hedge fund management firms in the world, managing over $7 billion, before closing in October 2009.[1] The firm was the center of a 2009 insider trading scandal which subsequently led to its fall.[2][3]

The Galleon Group
IndustryInvestment management
Founded1997
FounderRaj Rajaratnam
Ari Arjavalingam
Gary Rosenbach
Krishen Sud
DefunctOctober 21, 2009 (2009-10-21)
HeadquartersNew York City, U.S.
Key people
Raj Rajaratnam (investing)
Gary Rosenbach (trading)
ProductsHedge fund
AUMover $7 billion (peak)
Websitewww.galleongrp.com

The firm was founded by Raj Rajaratnam, a former equity research analyst and eventual president of Needham & Company, in 1997.[4][5] The New York headquartered firm was named for the galleon, a large sailing ship used from the 16th to 18th centuries by European traders and explorers, especially from Spain.

The rise and fall of Galleon has been the subject of a number of books including The Billionaire's Apprentice (by Anita Raghavan, a journalist with The Wall Street Journal).[6]

HistoryEdit

While working for Needham & Company, Rajaratnam started a hedge fund at the company's request—the Needham Emerging Growth Partnership—in March 1992. He later bought and renamed it Galleon. The fund primarily invested in technology and healthcare companies and quickly increased in value, eventually peaking at $7 billion in 2008.

Insider trading investigationEdit

In October 2009 Rajaratnam and five others were arrested and charged with multiple counts of fraud and insider trading. Rajaratnam pleaded not guilty and remained free on $100 million bail, the largest in United States history. He was indicted by a grand jury in December 2009[7] and found guilty in U.S. District Court on 14 charges in May 2011.[8][9] He was sentenced by U.S. District Judge Richard Holwell to 11 years in prison on October 13, 2011.[10]

Other former and current traders at Galleon were subsequently arrested and charged with contributing to the alleged conspiracy. Several former employees of the firm have cooperated in the investigation.[11] As of January 2012 over fifty people had been convicted or pleaded guilty in the sprawling probe stemming from Galleon (not all of them Galleon employees).[12]

Zvi Goffer, a former Galleon trader, was found guilty of all 14 counts of conspiracy and securities fraud against him and sentenced by Judge Sullivan "to 10 years in prison for his role in a scheme to trade on inside information provided by lawyers". Goffer had asked for a lenient sentence and prosecutors had recommended more than 10 years.

Adam Smith, a former Galleon trader, pleaded guilty and cooperated in the criminal trial of Raj Rajaratnam. He was sentenced in June 2012 to only a period of probation and no jail time by Judge Jed Rakoff, who took over the case from Judge Richard Holwell when the latter retired from the bench.[13][14]

David R. Slaine, a former Galleon trader, who had previously been a portfolio manager at the hedge fund Chelsey Capital, and, prior, a trader at Morgan Stanley, was sentenced to three years' probation in January 2012, having provided vital assistance to the government as an FBI informant, since 2007.[15][16][17]

AftermathEdit

Also see Galleon Group, Anil Kumar, and Rajat Gupta insider trading cases

The SEC investigated Galleon for insider trading. This was followed by public court hearings of 2 months (for Raj Rajarathnam) and immediately after Raj's conviction, of 1 month (for Rajat Gupta).[18] This led to the fund's closure and its directors going to jail for 2 to 10 years. Rajat Gupta was convicted in 2012 for his role and served 2 years in jail. He subsequently became the CFO at Avantha Power & Infrastructure Ltd. Rajarathnam is currently serving an 11-year prison sentence. Anil Kumar pleaded guilty to all charges and confessed in court about the role he had played.[19]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Galleon to Wind Down Hedge Funds. The Wall Street Journal, October 21, 2009
  2. ^ Raghavan, Anita (2 June 2015). The Billionaire's Apprentice: The Rise of The Indian-American Elite and The Fall of The Galleon Hedge Fund (1 ed.). New York: Grand Central Publishing. ISBN 9781455504015.
  3. ^ Galleon Clients Abandon Ship. The Wall Street Journal, October 21, 2009
  4. ^ "General Information". Teksia. Archived from the original on 2011-07-16. Retrieved 2009-02-19.
  5. ^ "Who is the Galleon Group?". SiliconIran. Archived from the original on 2009-02-08. Retrieved 2009-02-19.
  6. ^ "Book review - The Billionaire's Apprentice - Shortlist, FT and MCKinsey Book of the year award". Financial Times. 1 January 2014. Retrieved 31 October 2018.
  7. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2009/12/16/business/16insider.html/ New York Times, December 15, 2009
  8. ^ https://www.cnbc.com/id/42989354/ CNBC.com, May 11, 2011
  9. ^ Lattman, Peter; Ahmed, Azam (May 11, 2011). "Galleon's Rajaratnam Found Guilty". The New York Times.
  10. ^ Van Voris, Bob, and Patricia Hurtado, "Ex-Galleon Trader Zvi Goffer Sentenced to 10 Years in Prison", Bloomberg via San Francisco Chronicle, September 21, 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-21.
  11. ^ Zachery Kouwe (June 2, 2010). "Former Galleon Trader Franz Tudor Key to Galleon Case". Dealbreaker.
  12. ^ "Boston fund trader arrested in insider trading sweep". The Boston Globe. Archived from the original on 2012-06-23.
  13. ^ Glovin, David (March 4, 2011). "Galleon Trial Scorecard: Rajaratnam, Friends, Colleagues and Cooperators". Bloomberg.
  14. ^ Pavlo, Walter (June 26, 2012). "Former Galleon Trader and Govt Informant, Adam Smith, Sentenced to Probation". Forbes.
  15. ^ "Galleon Official Is Spared Prison", The New York Times, June 26, 2012. Retrieved July 30, 2019.
  16. ^ "Probation for a Former Galleon Group Employee" Bloomberg News, January 20, 2012. Retrieved July 30, 2019.
  17. ^ "Insider trading case of 2007 led to Galleon", by Grant McCool, Reuters, February 4, 2010. Retrieved July 30, 2019.
  18. ^ Lattman, Peter (March 13, 2011). "Figure in Insider Case Sought to Quit Goldman". The New York Times.
  19. ^ "Former Goldman Sachs Director Completes Prison Sentence". Fortune. 14 March 2016. Retrieved 2 November 2018.