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Galium is a large genus of annual and perennial herbaceous plants in the family Rubiaceae, occurring in the temperate zones of both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. Some species are informally known as bedstraw.[1]

Flowers February 2008-4.jpg
Flowers of Galium aparine
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Rubiaceae
Subfamily: Rubioideae
Tribe: Rubieae
Genus: Galium
c. 650, see text

There are over 600 species of Galium,[2] with estimates of 629[3] to 650[4] as of 2013. The field madder, Sherardia arvensis, is a close relative and may be confused with a tiny bedstraw. Asperula is also a closely related genus; some species of Galium (such as woodruff, G. odoratum) are occasionally placed therein.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Galium. USDA PLANTS.
  2. ^ Galium. Flora of China.
  3. ^ "WCSP". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Retrieved 2010-04-05.
  4. ^ Galium. The Jepson eFlora 2013.

External linksEdit