Galileo (horse)

Galileo (foaled 30 March 1998) is a retired Irish Thoroughbred racehorse and active sire. In a racing career which lasted from October 2000 until October 2001 he ran eight times and won six races. He is best known for winning The Derby, Irish Derby Stakes, and King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Stakes in 2001 and for his rivalry with the Godolphin champion Fantastic Light. He was named the European Champion Three-Year-Old Colt of 2001.

Racing silks of Susan Magnier.svg
Racing colours of Susan Magnier
SireSadler's Wells
GrandsireNorthern Dancer
DamUrban Sea
Foaled1998 (age 22)
BreederDavid Tsui and Orpendale
OwnerSue Magnier, Michael Tabor
TrainerAidan O'Brien
Record8: 6-1-0
Major wins
Ballysax Stakes (2001)
Derrinstown Stud Derby Trial (2001)
Epsom Derby (2001)
Irish Derby (2001)
K. George VI & Q. Elizabeth Stakes (2001)
European Champion Three-Year-Old Colt (2001)
Leading sire in Great Britain & Ireland
(2008, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020)
Leading broodmare sire in Great Britain & Ireland (2018)
Last updated on 2 June 2019

Since his retirement, Galileo has become one of the most sought after sires in the world. He first became the leading sire in Great Britain and Ireland in 2008, then consecutively earned the title from 2010 through 2020. In 2020, he set the record for the number of Epsom Derby winners sired at five: New Approach, Ruler Of The World, Australia, Anthony Van Dyck and Serpentine. In June 2020, Galileo sired his 85th Group 1 winner, breaking Danehill's world record and becoming the most successful source of Group I winners in thoroughbred history.[1] In addition to his Derby winners, his notable offspring including Frankel, Nathaniel, Found, Churchill and Minding. He is also a leading broodmare sire and an emerging sire of sires.


Galileo is a 16 12 hh (64.5 inches, 164 cm) bay horse with a narrow white blaze and a white sock on his near hind leg.[2] He was sired by Sadler's Wells out of the mare Urban Sea. His breeders were David Tsui, the owner of Urban Sea, and "Orpendale", a name used by the Coolmore Stud organisation for some of their breeding interests.[3] He was described as a three-year-old as being "one of the most impeccably bred horses in training".[4]

Sadler's Wells (1981–2011) won three Group One races in 1984 and went on to sire the winners of over 2,000 races, including more than 130 at Group One/Grade I level.[5] He was the most successful sire in the history of British racing, being the leading sire in Great Britain and Ireland a record 14 times.[6] Urban Sea (1989–2009) won the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe in 1993 and went on to become an outstanding broodmare. Apart from Galileo, she was the dam of the Derby winner Sea the Stars, and the Grade I winners Black Sam Bellamy (Tattersalls Gold Cup) and My Typhoon (Diana Stakes), as well as All Too Beautiful (Group race winner, Group One placed) and Melikah (Listed race winner, Group One placed).

Owned by Sue Magnier and Michael Tabor, Galileo was sent into training by Aidan O'Brien at Ballydoyle and ridden in all but one of his races by Michael Kinane.

Galileo is known for his relaxed, professional behaviour and even temperament. Noel Stapleton, his long-time handler at Coolmore Stud, calls him a creature of habit. "He is a true gentleman", said Stapleton, "and I think he knows how important he is."[7]

He is one of several horses to have borne the name of Galileo. The most notable "other" Galileo was a Polish-bred gelding which won the Grade I RSA Novices' Hurdle at the 2002 Cheltenham Festival.[8]

Racing careerEdit

2000: two-year-old careerEdit

Galileo did not appear on the racecourse until late October 2000, when he was entered in a sixteen-runner maiden race at Leopardstown. He was made the even-money favourite, despite the field containing two runners each from the stables of the leading Irish trainers John Oxx and Jim Bolger. Mick Kinane tracked the leaders on Galileo before sending the colt into the lead in the straight. Although there were less than two furlongs to the finish, Galileo extended his lead fourteen lengths by the end of the race.[9]

2001: three-year-old careerEdit


As a three-year-old, Galileo was conditioned for a middle-distance campaign and was aimed at Derby trial races[10] in spring. On his debut, he was made 1/3 favourite for the Listed Ballysax Stakes over a mile and a quarter at Leopardstown. Racing smoothly throughout the race, he took the lead two furlongs out and won "easily" by three and a half lengths.[11] Runner-up Milan went on to win the St Leger and finish second in the Breeders' Cup Turf, while the third-placed Vinnie Roe won four consecutive Irish St. Legers. After the race, Galileo was offered at odds of 8/1 for the Derby. O'Brien was satisfied with the performance, especially as he believed the colt was some way from peak fitness ("[my horses]...are as big as bulls") and likely to improve.[4]

Galileo had his third race at Leopardstown in May as he was stepped up in class for the Group Three Derrinstown Stud Derby Trial. He was made odds-on favourite, and was ridden for the first and only time by Seamie Heffernan, as Kinane was riding Milan in the Group One Prix Lupin on the same day.[12] Galileo took the lead a furlong from home and stayed on to beat the John Oxx-trained Exaltation by one and a half lengths.[13] Although Heffernan put Galileo under pressure before going clear, the colt's Derby odds were cut to 5–1.[14]


At Epsom, Galileo started 11/4 joint-favourite alongside the 2,000 Guineas winner Golan. The 2001 Epsom Derby field was strong, with Tobougg, the previous year's champion two-year-old, and the winners of most of the major Derby trials, including Mr Combustible (Chester Vase), Dilshaan (Dante Stakes) and Perfect Sunday (Lingfield Derby Trial), all taking part. Kinane positioned Galileo just behind the leaders and turned into the straight in third behind Mr Combustible and Perfect Sunday. Two furlongs from the finish, Galileo moved past Mr Combustible and quickly went clear to record an "impressive" three and a half length victory over Golan, Tobougg and Mr Combustible.[15] Following the race, Timeform assigned a figure of 130 to Galileo, making him, in their opinion, the best Derby winner for ten years.[16] Kinane was reported to have called Galileo the best horse he had ridden, saying, "There is no weakness to him... He is a dream to ride."[17]

In the Irish Derby at The Curragh, three weeks later, Galileo was made favourite at odds of 4/11, with Golan and Exaltation the only other horses starting at less than 20/1. Galileo led two furlongs from the finish and quickly went clear. Although Kinane eased the colt down in the closing stages, he won by four lengths from the Derby Italiano winner Morshdi, with Golan another four lengths back in third.[18] Kinane, who was winning his first Irish Derby in seventeen attempts said that he was always in "complete control", while Morshdi's jockey, Philip Robinson described the winner as "a freak".[19]

Galileo was then tested against older horses in the King George VI & Queen Elizabeth Diamond Stakes at Ascot in July. The betting suggested that the race would be a match between Galileo (1/2 favourite) and the Godolphin five-year-old Fantastic Light (7-2), who had won Group One races in four different countries. Such were the reputations of these two horses that the third choice in the betting, the Prix du Jockey Club winner Anabaa Blue, started at 18/1. Kinane took Galileo to the lead two furlongs out, but Frankie Dettori soon brought Fantastic Light to challenge. The horses raced together for a few strides before Galileo pulled ahead inside the final furlong and won by two lengths.[20]


Galileo returned to Leopardstown in September for a much-anticipated[21] Irish Champion Stakes in which he was matched against Fantastic Light again, this time over the shorter distance of one and a quarter miles. O'Brien entered Ice Dancer in the race to act as pacemaker and ensure a stamina test. The plan failed as the rest of the riders ignored Ice Dancer, who went ten lengths clear before stopping abruptly in the straight. Fantastic Light took the lead two furlongs out, and Kinane immediately moved Galileo up to join him. The two horses raced side by side throughout the last quarter of the mile, with the advantage appearing to fluctuate between them. On the line, Fantastic Light defeated Galileo by a head in a photo finish.[22] The race has been described as one of the most exciting and memorable in the modern history of the sport.[23] O'Brien praised the winner, but felt that he had "messed up" tactically.[24]

For his final race, Galileo was sent to Belmont Park for the Breeders' Cup Classic. He was racing on dirt for the first time, although before traveling he was prepared by exercising on the artificial surface at Southwell.[25] The Classic was expected to feature a third meeting between Galileo and Fantastic Light, but the Godolphin horse was switched to the Turf shortly before the race. In the Classic, Galileo raced behind the leaders for most of the way but was unable to quicken, staying on at the same pace to finish sixth of the fourteen runners behind Tiznow.[26]

Galileo's retirement was announced immediately after the race.[27]

Race recordEdit

Date Race Dist (f) Course Class Prize (£K) Odds Runners Placing Margin Time Jockey Trainer
28 October 2000 IBEC EBF Maiden 8 Leopardstown M 8 Evens 16 1 14 1:48.20 Michael Kinane Aidan O'Brien
16 April 2001 Ballysax Stakes 10 Leopardstown L 20 1/3 7 1 3.5 2:20.10 Michael Kinane Aidan O'Brien
13 May 2001 Derrinstown Stud Derby Trial 10 Leopardstown 3 39 8/15 5 1 1.5 2:08.50 Seamie Heffernan Aidan O'Brien
9 June 2001 Derby 12 Epsom 1 580 11/4 12 1 3.5 2:33.27 Michael Kinane Aidan O'Brien
1 July 2001 Irish Derby 12 The Curragh 1 411 4/11 12 1 4 2:27.10 Michael Kinane Aidan O'Brien
28 July 2001 King George VI & Queen Elizabeth Stakes 12 Ascot 1 435 1/2 12 1 2 2:27.71 Michael Kinane Aidan O'Brien
8 September 2001 Irish Champion Stakes 10 Leopardstown 1 384 4/11 7 2 Head 2:01.80 Michael Kinane Aidan O'Brien
27 October 2001 Breeders' Cup Classic 10 Belmont Park 1 1386 100/30 13 6 7.75 2:00.62 Michael Kinane Aidan O'Brien


Galileo was named European Champion Three-Year-Old at the Cartier Racing Awards.

In the 2001 International Classification (the forerunner of the World Thoroughbred Racehorse Rankings), Galileo was assessed at 129 (equal with Fantastic Light), making him the third highest rated horse behind Sakhee and Point Given.[28]

Galileo was given a final Timeform rating of 134.[29]

Stud careerEdit

Galileo was retired to stand as a stallion for the Coolmore Stud. He originally operated as a "shuttle" stallion, standing at Coolmore's main farm at Fethard, County Tipperary Ireland during the Northern Hemisphere breeding season and moving to its Australian branch in the Hunter Region, New South Wales for the Southern Hemisphere breeding season.[30] However, since 2012, he has stood exclusively in Ireland.

Galileo was the leading sire in Great Britain and Ireland in 2008 and from 2010 to 2019.[7][31][32] Since 2008, his stud fee has since been privately negotiated, but he is reputed to be the most expensive stallion in the world. For breeders who are not associates of Coolmore Stud, the fee has "long been north of €400,000" and suggested to be as high as €600,000 in 2018.[33]

As of 1 June 2019, he had sired 192 group winners.[34] In August 2018, Sizzling gave Galileo his 328th European group race win as a sire, taking him past the record previously held by his own sire Sadler's Wells.[35]

On 9 November 2019, Magic Wand became his 84th individual Group/Grade One winner, putting him level with Danehill for most such winners sired.[36] Anthony Van Dyck became his fourth Epsom Derby winner in 2019 (with New Approach, Ruler of the World, and Australia). This ties him with Cyllene, Waxy, Sir Peter Teazle, Blandford and Montjeu for the number of Derby winners sired.[37] After Minding's victory in the 2016 1000 Guineas, Galileo became the sire of winners of all five British Classics.[38] In the 2016 Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe, he sired the top three finishers (Found, Highland Reel and Order of St George).[7] In the 2019 Derby, he was the sire, grandsire or great-grandsire of 12 out of 13 runners, and was the broodmare sire of the 13th.[37] In 2020, he was the sire of the all-conquering Love, winner of the 1000 Guineas, Epsom Oaks and the Darley Yorkshire Oaks.

In September 2008, Galileo underwent surgery for colic.[39]

Notable progenyEdit

c = colt, f = filly, g = gelding

Foaled Name Sex Major wins
2003 Allegretto f Prix Royal-Oak
2003 Nightime f Irish 1,000 Guineas
2003 Red Rocks c Breeders' Cup Turf, Man o' War Stakes
2003 Sixties Icon c St Leger Stakes
2004 Celestial Halo g Triumph Hurdle
2004 Mahler c Queen's Vase
2004 Niwot c Sydney Cup
2004 Soldier of Fortune c Irish Derby, Coronation Cup
2004 Teofilo c National Stakes, Dewhurst Stakes
2005 Alandi c Irish St. Leger, Prix du Cadran
2005 Cima De Triomphe c Derby Italiano
2005 Lush Lashes f Coronation Stakes, Yorkshire Oaks, Matron Stakes
2005 New Approach c National Stakes, Dewhurst Stakes, Epsom Derby, Irish Champion Stakes, Champion Stakes
2005 Sousa c Spring Champion Stakes
2006 Altano g Prix du Cadran
2006 Linton g Stradbroke Handicap
2006 Rip Van Winkle c Sussex Stakes, Queen Elizabeth II Stakes, International Stakes
2006 Sans Frontieres c Irish St. Leger
2007 Cape Blanco c Irish Derby, Irish Champion Stakes, Man o' War Stakes, Arlington Million, Joe Hirsch Turf Classic Invitational Stakes
2007 Igugu f Durban July Handicap
2007 Lily Of The Valley f Prix de l'Opéra
2007 Mahbooba f Clairwood Golden Slipper
2008 Frankel c Dewhurst Stakes, 2000 Guineas, St James's Palace Stakes, Sussex Stakes Queen Elizabeth II Stakes, Lockinge Stakes, Queen Anne Stakes, International Stakes, Champion Stakes
2008 Galikova f Prix Vermeille
2008 Golden Lilac f Poule d'Essai des Pouliches, Prix de Diane, Prix d'Ispahan
2008 Misty for Me f Moyglare Stud Stakes, Prix Marcel Boussac, Irish 1,000 Guineas, Pretty Polly Stakes
2008 Nathaniel c King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Stakes, Eclipse Stakes
2008 Roderic O'Connor c Critérium International, Irish 2,000 Guineas
2008 Seville c The Metropolitan
2008 Together f Queen Elizabeth II Challenge Cup
2008 Treasure Beach c Irish Derby, Secretariat Stakes
2009 Great Heavens f Irish Oaks
2009 Imperial Monarch c Grand Prix de Paris
2009 Maybe f Moyglare Stud Stakes
2009 Noble Mission c Tattersalls Gold Cup, Grand Prix de Saint-Cloud †, Champion Stakes
2009 Romantica f Prix Jean Romanet
2009 Was f Epsom Oaks
2009 Windsor Park g Baring Bingham Novices' Hurdle
2010 Foundry g The Metropolitan
2010 Galileo Rock c
2010 Intello c Prix du Jockey Club
2010 Kingsbarns c Racing Post Trophy
2010 Magician c Irish 2,000 Guineas, Breeders' Cup Turf
2010 Mondialiste c Woodbine Mile, Arlington Million
2010 Ruler of the World c Epsom Derby
2010 Telescope c Great Voltigeur Stakes, Hardwicke Stakes, Aston Park Stakes
2010 The United States c Ranvet Stakes
2011 Rhett Butler c Serbian Horse of the year
2011 Adelaide c Secretariat Stakes, Cox Plate
2011 Australia c Epsom Derby, Irish Derby, International Stakes
2011 Marvellous f Irish 1,000 Guineas
2011 Photo Call f Rodeo Drive Stakes, First Lady Stakes
2011 Tapestry f Yorkshire Oaks
2012 Bondi Beach c Curragh Cup, Vintage Crop Stakes
2012 Curvy f E.P. Taylor Stakes
2012 Decorated Knight c Jabel Hatta, Tattersalls Gold Cup, Irish Champion Stakes
2012 Found f Prix Marcel Boussac, Breeders' Cup Turf, Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe
2012 Gleneagles c Vincent O'Brien Stakes, 2000 Guineas Stakes, Irish 2,000 Guineas, St James's Palace Stakes
2012 Highland Reel c Secretariat Stakes, Hong Kong Vase (twice), King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Stakes,

Breeders' Cup Turf, Coronation Cup, Prince of Wales's Stakes

2012 John F Kennedy c Juvenile Stakes
2012 Order of St George c Irish St. Leger (twice), Ascot Gold Cup
2012 Together Forever f Fillies' Mile
2013 Alice Springs f Falmouth Stakes, Matron Stakes, Sun Chariot Stakes
2013 Ballydoyle f Prix Marcel Boussac
2013 Deauville c Belmont Derby
2013 Idaho c Great Voltigeur Stakes, Hardwicke Stakes, Ormonde Stakes
2013 Johannes Vermeer c Critérium International
2013 Minding f Moyglare Stud Stakes, Fillies' Mile, 1000 Guineas, Epsom Oaks, Pretty Polly Stakes, Nassau Stakes, Queen Elizabeth II Stakes
2013 Seventh Heaven f Irish Oaks, Yorkshire Oaks
2013 The Gurkha c Poule d'Essai des Poulains, Sussex Stakes
2013 Ulysses c Eclipse Stakes, International Stakes
2013 US Army Ranger c Chester Vase
2014 Capri c Irish Derby, St Leger
2014 Churchill c National Stakes, Dewhurst Stakes, 2000 Guineas, Irish 2,000 Guineas
2014 Cliffs of Moher c Dee Stakes, Mooresbridge Stakes
2014 Hydrangea f Matron Stakes, British Champions Fillies & Mares Stakes
2014 Rhododendron f Fillies' Mile, Prix de l'Opéra, Lockinge Stakes
2014 Winter f 1000 Guineas, Irish 1,000 Guineas, Coronation Stakes, Nassau Stakes
2014 Waldgeist c Critérium de Saint-Cloud, Grand Prix de Saint-Cloud, Prix Ganay, Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe
2015 Clemmie f Cheveley Park Stakes
2015 Flag of Honour c Irish St. Leger
2015 Forever Together f Epsom Oaks
2015 Happily f Moyglare Stud Stakes, Prix Jean-Luc Lagardère
2015 Kew Gardens c Grand Prix de Paris, St Leger
2015 Magical f British Champions Fillies & Mares Stakes, Tattersalls Gold Cup, Irish Champion Stakes, Champion Stakes, Pretty Polly Stakes
2015 Magic Wand f Mackinnon Stakes
2016 Line of Duty c Breeders' Cup Juvenile Turf
2016 Hermosa f 1000 Guineas, Irish 1000 Guineas
2016 Anthony Van Dyck c Epsom Derby
2016 Cape of Good Hope c Caulfield Stakes
2016 Circus Maximus c St James's Palace Stakes, Prix du Moulin de Longchamp, Queen Anne Stakes
2016 Sovereign c Irish Derby
2016 Japan c Grand Prix de Paris, International Stakes
2016 Search For A Song f Irish St. Leger (twice)
2017 Love f Moyglare Stud Stakes, 1000 Guineas, Epsom Oaks, Yorkshire Oaks
2017 Mogul c Grand Prix de Paris, Hong Kong Vase
2017 Peaceful f Irish 1,000 Guineas
2017 Serpentine c Epsom Derby
2018 Shale f Moyglare Stud Stakes

Noble Mission was awarded the Grand Prix de Saint-Cloud, after another Galileo son called Spiritjim was demoted from first after it was found that he tested positive for banned substances.[40]

‡ Gleneagles was demoted from first to third in the 2014 Prix Jean-Luc Lagardère, after stewards deemed him to have interfered with the horse that finished second (Full Mast) and third (Territories).[41]

Sire of siresEdit

Several of Galileo's sons have also begun to make an impact as stallions. In 2018, Frankel finished fourth on the leading sire list, while Nathaniel finished fifth. New Approach was the sire of 2018 Derby winner Masar, while Teofilo sired Melbourne Cup winner Cross Counter.[31]


Entered stud in 2008.

Foaled Name Sex Major wins
2009 Parish Hall c Dewhurst Stakes
2009 Voleuse de Coeurs f Irish St. Leger
2010 Havanna Gold c Prix Jean Prat
2010 Loch Garman c Critérium International
2010 Sonntag g Queensland Derby
2010 Trading Leather c Irish Derby
2010 Happy Clapper g Canterbury Stakes, Doncaster Mile, Epsom Handicap
2011 Kermadec c Doncaster Mile
2012 Pleascach f Irish 1,000 Guineas, Yorkshire Oaks
2012 Humidor (NZ) g Makybe Diva Stakes, Memsie Stakes
2014 Exultant g Hong Kong Vase, Hong Kong Gold Cup, Hong Kong Champions & Chater Cup
2015 Cross Counter g Melbourne Cup

New ApproachEdit

Entered stud in 2009.

Foaled Name Sex Major wins
2010 Dawn Approach c National Stakes, Dewhurst Stakes, 2000 Guineas, St James's Palace Stakes
2010 May's Dream f Australasian Oaks
2010 Sultanina f Nassau Stakes
2010 Talent f Epsom Oaks
2015 Masar c Epsom Derby

Soldier of FortuneEdit

Entered stud in 2010. Standing at Haras Du Logis Saint Germain in France, shuttling to Southern America.

Foaled Name Sex Major wins
2012 El Armenio c Gran Premio Nacional – Augusto B. Leguia, Premio Polla de Potrillos (Peruvian 2000 Guineas)
2012 Rey del Rock c Gran Premio Hipódromo Chile

Rip Van WinkleEdit

Entered stud in 2011.

Foaled Name Sex Major wins
2012 Dick Whittington c Phoenix Stakes


Entered stud in 2013.

Foaled Name Sex Major wins
2014 Soul Stirring f Yushun Himba, Hanshin Juvenile Fillies
2014 Cracksman c Champion Stakes (twice), Prix Ganay, Coronation Cup
2014 Mozu Ascot c Yasuda Kinen, February Stakes
2014 Call The Wind g Prix du Cadran
2014 Dream Castle g Jebel Hatta
2015 Without Parole c St James's Palace Stakes
2015 Veracious f Falmouth Stakes
2016 Anapurna f Epsom Oaks, Prix de Royallieu
2016 Logician c St Leger
2017 Quadrilateral f Fillies' Mile


Entered stud in 2013.

Foaled Name Sex Major wins
2014 Enable f Epsom Oaks, Irish Oaks, King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Stakes (three times), Yorkshire Oaks (twice), Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe (twice), Breeders' Cup Turf, Eclipse Stakes
2014 God Given f Premio Lydia Tesio
2016 Channel f Prix de Diane

Broodmare SireEdit

Like his sire Galileo has become a sire of excellent broodmares whose offspring have achieved Group 1 success.[42]

Dam Name Sex Major wins
Forest Storm Night of Thunder c 2000 Guineas Stakes, Lockinge Stakes
Greenery Lea c Donn Handicap
Perihelion Qualify f The Oaks
Perfect Truth Magicool g Queensland Derby
Galicuix Galileo Gold c 2000 Guineas Stakes
Absolute Lady La Cressonniere f Poule d'Essai des Pouliches, Prix de Diane
Inner Realm Intricately f Moyglare Stud Stakes
Cabaret Magna Grecia c Vertem Futurity Trophy, 2000 Guineas Stakes
Maybe Saxon Warrior c 2000 Guineas Stakes, Racing Post Trophy
Misty for Me Roly Poly c Falmouth Stakes, Prix Rothschild, Sun Chariot Stakes
Misty for Me U S Navy Flag c Dewhurst Stakes, July Cup
Alina Barney Roy g St James's Palace Stakes
Nightime Ghaiyyath c Grosser Preis von Baden, Coronation Cup, Eclipse Stakes, International Stakes


Pedigree of Galileo (IRE), bay stallion, 1998[43]
Sadler's Wells
bay 1981
Northern Dancer
b. 1961
br. 1954
Lady Angela
b. 1957
Native Dancer
Fairy Bridge
b. 1975
Bold Reason
b. 1968
Hail To Reason
b. 1969
Urban Sea
chestnut 1989
ch. 1978
Mr. Prospector
b. 1970
Raise a Native
Gold Digger
ch. 1971
Rose Bower
ch. 1978
ch. 1967
Promised Lady
ch. 1969
Almyra (Family 9-h)[44]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Galileo breaks world record in G1 Irish Thousand Guineas". Retrieved 14 June 2020.
  2. ^ "Stallions :: Galileo". Coolmore. Archived from the original on 2011-09-30. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  3. ^ "Orpendale". Archived from the original on 2012-03-29. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  4. ^ a b "Galileo new favourite for Derby". The Independent. London. 2001-04-17. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  5. ^ "Sadler's Wells Stud Record". Racing Post. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  6. ^ "Leading Sires of Great Britain and Ireland". Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  7. ^ a b c Grassick, Sally Ann. "At home with the world's number one stallion". Thoroughbred Racing Commentary. Retrieved 23 November 2016.
  8. ^ "Galileo(POL)". Racing Post. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  9. ^ "IBEC EBF Maiden Stakes". Racing Post. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  10. ^ "Espom Derby Trial Races". Archived from the original on 2012-01-06. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  11. ^ "Ballysax Stakes result". Racing Post. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  12. ^ "Prix Lupin". Racing Post. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  13. ^ "Derrinstown Stud Derby Trial result". Racing Post. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  14. ^ "Derby in sights of O'Brien's Galileo". The Independent. London. 2001-05-14. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  15. ^ "Epsom Derby result". Racing Post. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  16. ^ "Galileo is rated best in the last 10 years". The Independent. London. 2001-06-12. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  17. ^ J.A.McGrath (2001-06-10). "Epsom Derby: O'Brien hails great Galileo". Telegraph. London. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  18. ^ "Irish Derby result". Racing Post. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  19. ^ "Galileo soars high into the stratosphere". The Independent. London. 2001-07-02. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  20. ^ "King George result". Racing Post. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  21. ^ Stafford, Tony (2001-09-04). "Irish showdown takes shape". Telegraph. London. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  22. ^ "Irish Champion Stakes result". Racing Post. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  23. ^ Scott, Brough (2001-09-08). "Fantastic holds off Galileo in epic duel". Telegraph. London. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  24. ^ "Fantastic Light outshines Galileo". The Independent. London. 2001-09-09. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  25. ^ Haskin, Steve. "Galileo, Fantastic Light Turn in Sharp Works for Breeders' Cup Classic". BloodHorse. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  26. ^ "Breeders' Cup Classic result". Racing Post. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  27. ^ "Godolphin sets Sakhee up for Tiznow rematch". The Independent. London. 2001-10-31. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  28. ^ "EndMaterial2002.PDF" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  29. ^ Yates, David. "The greatest Derby stars of all time – and how Nijinsky is connected to Goldfinger". Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  30. ^ "Former Shuttlers Take NH Features". Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  31. ^ a b "Galileo Triumphs Again in Sires' Race". Thoroughbred Daily News. 31 December 2018. Retrieved 2 June 2019.
  32. ^ "Galileo, By A Country Mile". Thoroughbred Daily News. 31 December 2019. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  33. ^ Sexton, Nancy. "The world's ten most expensive stallions for 2018". Thoroughbred Racing Commentary. Retrieved 2 June 2019.
  34. ^
  35. ^ O'Donoghue, Ollie (12 August 2018). "Galileo tops all-time list as progeny chalk up 328 European Pattern wins". Racing Post.
  36. ^ Thomas, James (9 November 2019). "Galileo matches Danehill's all-time record of 84 Group-Grade 1 winners". Racing Post.
  37. ^ a b "Galileo edges closer to immortality with record-equalling fourth Derby winner". Racing Post. Retrieved 2 June 2019.
  38. ^ "Galileo claims 1 000 Guineas with Minding". Racing Post. Archived from the original on 2 May 2016. Retrieved 23 November 2016.
  39. ^ "Galileo Recovering from Colic Surgery". 2008-09-19. Retrieved 2019-01-04.
  40. ^
  41. ^ Racing Post
  42. ^ "Galileo | Progeny Dams Sire". Racing Post. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  43. ^ "Galileo pedigree". Equineline. 2012-05-08. Retrieved 2012-07-01.
  44. ^ "Adelaide – Family 9-h". Retrieved 2012-07-01.

External linksEdit