Galerida is a genus of birds in the family Alaudidae. The current scientific name is derived from Latin. Galerida was the name for a lark with a crest, from galerum, "cap".[1] The name Galerida is synonymous with the earlier genus names Calendula, Heliocorys and Ptilocorys.[2]

Crested Lark (Galerida cristata) at Sultanpur I Picture 118.jpg
Crested lark (Galerida cristata)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Alaudidae
Genus: Galerida
F. Boie, 1828
Type species
Alauda cristata
Linnaeus, 1758

See text

  • Calendula
  • Galerita
  • Heliocorys
  • Ptilocorys

Taxonomy and systematicsEdit

The genus Galerida was established by the German zoologist Friedrich Boie in 1828.[3] The type species was subsequently designated as the crested lark.[4]

Extant speciesEdit

The genus contains seven species:[5]

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
  Galerida deva Sykes's lark central India
  Galerida modesta Sun lark Guinea to South Sudan
  Galerida magnirostris Large-billed lark southern Africa
  Galerida theklae Thekla lark Iberian Peninsula, in northern Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa from Senegal to Somalia
  Galerida cristata Crested lark northern Africa and in parts of western Asia and China
  Galerida malabarica Malabar lark western India.
Galerida macrorhyncha Maghreb lark Maghreb desert of north-eastern Africa.

Extinct speciesEdit

There are at least two fossil species which are included in this genus:

Former speciesEdit

Formerly, some authorities also considered the following species (or subspecies) as species within the genus Galerida:


  1. ^ Jobling, James A (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 169. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
  2. ^ Jobling, James A. (2010-06-30). Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. Bloomsbury Publishing. ISBN 9781408133262.
  3. ^ Boie, Friedrich (1828). "Galerida". Isis von Oken (in German). 21. Col 321.
  4. ^ Mayr, Ernst; Greenway, James C. Jr, eds. (1960). Check-list of Birds of the World. Vol. 9. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Museum of Comparative Zoology. p. 55.
  5. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2018). "Nicators, reedling, larks". World Bird List Version 8.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 15 July 2018.
  6. ^ Boev, Zlatozar (2012). "Neogene Larks (Aves: Alaudidae (Vigors, 1825)) from Bulgaria" (PDF). Acta Zoologica Bulgarica. 64 (3): 295–318.
  7. ^ Kessler, E (2013). "Neogene songbirds (Aves, Passeriformes) from Hungary". Hantkeniana. 8: 37–149.
  8. ^ "Spizocorys fremantlii - Avibase". Retrieved 2016-12-16.
  9. ^ "Eremalauda dunni - Avibase". Retrieved 2016-12-19.