Gajanan Digambar Madgulkar
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Gajānan Digambar Mādguḷkar (1 October 1919 – 14 December 1977) was a Marāthi poet, lyricist, writer and actor from India. He is popularly known in his home state of Mahārāshtra by just his initials as Ga Di Mā (गदिमा). He was awarded Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in 1951 and Padma Shri in 1969. He has written 157 screen plays and over 2000 songs in his career. He was called Ādhunik Valmiki (the modern Valmiki) of current era due to his composition of Geet Rāmāyan (lit. Ramayana in Songs) as the most notable work. 2019 is celebrated as his Birth Century year. Government of Maharashtra hosts various events and festivals to grace the occasion.
G. D. Mādgulkar
Ga Di Mādguḷkar
|Born||1 October 1919|
Shetphale in Ātpādi taluka in Sāngli district , Mahārāshtra, India His village is Mādguḷe in Ātpādi
|Died||14 December 1977(aged 58)|
|Pen name||गदिमा (GaDiMā)|
|Occupation||Poet, lyricist, playwright, script writer, dialog writer, actor, and orator|
|Notable works||गीतरामायण (Geet Rāmāyana)|
Madgulkar wrote poetry, short stories, novels, autobiographies and scripts, dialogues and lyrics for Marathi as well as Hindi movies. His poems have been adapted to a wide range of musical forms such as Sugam-Sangeet (light music), Bhāwa-Geet (emotional songs), Bhakti-Geet (devotional songs), and Lāwani (a genre of folk songs in Maharashtra). Madgulkar entered the world of movies in 1938 at Kolhāpur. He contributed to 157 Marathi and 23 Hindi movies. He was also an artist. He loved to draw nature scenes.
He had knowledge of 10 languages including Marathi, Hindi, English, Urdu, Bengali, Gujarati, Punjabi, Kannada, Tamil and Telugu.
He was the elder brother of Marathi writer of poetry and novels Vyankatesh Madgulkar.
Collections of poemsEdit
- Sugandhi Veena
- Char sangitika
- Geet Ramayan
- Ajun Gagima
- Naach re mora
Collection of short storiesEdit
- Laplele ogh
- Bandhavarchya babhali
- Krushnachi karangali
- Bolka shankh
- Veg ani itar katha
- Thorli pati
- Tupacha nandadeep
- Chandani udbatti
- Bhatache phool
- Sone ani mati
- Teen chitrakatha
- Kalavantanche anand paryatan
- Teel ani tandul
- Vatevarlya savlya
- Mantarlele diwas
- De tali ga ghe tali
- Shashank manjiri
- Naach re mora
- Tulsi ramayan
- Aakashachi phale
- Ubhe dhage aadve dhage
- Aakashachi phale
Geet Rāmāyan (lit. Ramayana in Songs) is considered his most notable work. A lyrical version of the Valmiki Ramayana in Marathi, it consists of 56 songs chronologically describing events from Ramayana. Sudhir Phadke composed the music for Geet Ramayan. Though it is based on sage Valmiki's epic Ramayana, Madgulkar chose a different narrative format and was praised for the lyrics, and was called Ādhunik Valmiki (the modern Valmiki).
- जीवनज्योती Jeewan Jyoti 1953: Screenplay and Dialogs
- तूफान और दीया Toofān Aur Deeyā 1956: Story
- दो आंखे बारह हाथ Do Ānkhen Bārah Hāth 1957: Story, Screenplay, and Dialogs - the movie won recognition at Berlin International Film Festival.
The following is a short list of some of the popular Marathi songs which "गदिमा" wrote:
- इंद्रायणीकाठी देवाची आळंदी (Indrāyani Kāthi Dewāchi Ālandi)
- उद्धवा, अजब तुझे सरकार (Uddhawā, Ajab Tujhze Sarkār)
- तुझ्या उसाला लागल कोल्हा (Tujhyā Usaālā Lāgel Kolhā)
- या चिमण्यानो, परत फिरा रे (Yā Chimanyāno, Parat Phirā Re)
- हे काम ने तडीला, हाजी मलंग बाबा (He Kām Ne Tadilā, Hāji Malang Bābā)
- विठ्ठला,तू वेडा कुंभार (Viththalā, Tu Wedā Kumbhār)
|1942||पहिला पाळणा (Pahilā Pālnā)||Marathi||Vishrām Bedekar||Shanta Hublikar, Indu Natu, Baburao Pendharkar, Balabhai, Kusum Deshpande, Dinkar Kamanna, Vishnupant Aundhkar|
|1947||लोकशाहीर रामजोशी (Lokshāhir Rāmjoshi) (Marathi)/ MatwālāShayar Rāmjoshi (Hindi)||Marathi/Hindi||Bāburāo Painter (Marathi Version)||Jayaram Shiledar, Hansa Wadkar, Shakuntala, Parashuram, Sudha Apte, Samant, Gundopant Walawalkar, Jayaram Desai, Kanase, Sawalaram, Vaidya, Abhyankar|
|1948||बनवासी (Banawāsi)||Hindi||Kumār Chandrasekhar|
|1948||अदालत (Adālat)||Hindi||Vasant Joglekar|
|1950||पुढचं पाऊल (Pudhche Pāool)||Marathi||Rājā Parānjpe||P.L. Deshpande, Hansa Wadkar, Kusum Deshpande, Vivek, Mohammed Hussain, D. S. Ambapkar, Bal Chitale, Raja Paranjpe, Shakuntala Jadhav, Suman, Ravindra, Baby Neela|
|1952||लाखाची गोष्ट (Lākhāchi Goshta)||Marathi||Rājā Parānjpe||Chitra, Rekha, Raja Gosavi, Indira Chitnis, Ravindra, Sharad Talwalkar, Raja Paranjpe, Madan Mohan|
|1952||पेडगावचे शहाणे (Pedagāwache Shahāne)||Marathi||Rājā Parānjpe||Raja Paranjpe, Chittaranjan Kolhatkar, Dhumal, Master Dwarkanath, Vasant Shinde, Nalini Nagpurkar, Nayana, Prasad Sawkar, Sadashiv Thakar, Ganpatrao Kelkar, Daldaseth|
|1952||जीत (Jeet Kiskee)||Hindi||Vasant Joglekar|
|1953||अंमलदार (Ammaladār)||Marathi||K. Nārāyan Kāle||P. L. Deshpande, K. Narayan Kale, Sheila Naik, Leela Ogale, Vinay Kale (Music Composer: G. D. Madgulkar)|
|1960||जगाच्या पाठीवर (Jagāchyā Pāthiwar)||Marathi||Rājā Parānjpe||Ramesh Deo, Seema Deo, Dhumal, Raja Paranjpe, Mai Bhide, Vinay Kale, Raja Gosavi, Sharad Talwalkar, Raj Dutt|
Awards and recognitionsEdit
Madgulkar was married to Vidya (Padma Patankar, Kolhapur) and they had 3 sons (Shridhar, Anand, Sharatkumar) and 4 daughters (Varsha, Kalpalata, Deepa, Shubhada). The popular Marathi writer, Vyankatesh Madgulkar was his younger brother.
His home in Pune ('Panchavati Bungalow') has become a place of attraction for his fans.
- "Sangeet Natak Akademi Puraskar (Akademi Awards)". National Academy of Music, Dance and Drama. Archived from the original on 31 March 2016.
Gajanan D. Madgulkar 1951
- "Padma Awards Directory (1954–2013)" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 October 2015.
1969: 60: Shri Gajanan Digambar Madgulkar
- "Geet Ramayan gathers dust at AIR". Indian Express. Archived from the original on 17 December 2013. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
- "Berlin Film Festival: Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved 11 October 2010.
- LAKADE, AADITI JATHAR (2011). "marathi-writer-madgulkar-s-panchavati-still-a-draw" (May 31, 2011). Indian Express newspapers. Retrieved 6 March 2018.