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Gaius Julius Alexander Berenicianus

Gaius Julius Alexander Berenicianus (Greek: Γαίος Ιούλιος Αλέξανδρος Βερενικιανός, about 75 – about 150) was a Cilician Prince and second-born son to King Gaius Julius Alexander and Queen Julia Iotapa of Cetis. His eldest brother was Gaius Julius Agrippa and his younger sister was Julia Iotapa.

Gaius Julius Alexander Berenicianus
senator, suffect consul, proconsul of Asia
Bornc. 75
Diedc. 150
SpouseCassia Lepida
IssueJulia Cassia Alexandra
DynastyHerodian dynasty
FatherGaius Julius Alexander
MotherJulia Iotapa (daughter of Antiochus IV)

Surviving inscriptions on Berenicianus reveals that his family were related to important members of Asian, non-Jewish and Jewish aristocracy. Berenicianus was of Jewish, Nabataean, Edomite, Greek, Armenian, Median and Persian origins. His paternal grandparents were King Tigranes VI of Armenia and his wife Opgalli. Through Tigranes, he was a descendant of King Archelaus of Cappadocia, as well as the King of Judea, Herod the Great, and his wife Mariamne. Agrippa along with his family and paternal relatives were among the last known descendants of the Herodian Dynasty. He was an apostate to Judaism. It is unlikely that Berenicianus attempted to exert influence on Judean politics. His name indicates that the family connections from the Herodian Dynasty were not wholly broken. His maternal grandparents were King Antiochus IV of Commagene and Queen Julia Iotapa.

The Kingdom of Cetis was a small client state in the Roman Empire, in Cilicia, that was previously ruled by his Cappadocian royal ancestors and Antiochus IV. The city of Elaiussa Sebaste was a part of the Kingdom. When his parents married in Rome in 58, the Emperor Nero crowned his parents as monarchs and gave them that region to rule. He was born, raised and educated in Cetis.

In 94, Berenicianus along with Agrippa entered the Roman Senate. Surviving inscriptions also reveal the career of Berenicianus. Berenicianus served as a suffect consul in 116. Between 132-133, he was Proconsul of the Roman Province of Asia, during which he appeared to have been a patron of the arts. In the later part of his proconsulship, the bishop and later saint Judas Cyriacus died or was killed in a riot during a pilgrimage to the Holy Land in 133.

A possible descendant of Berenicianus was the 3rd-century usurper Jotapianus. He married Cassia Lepida (born ca. 80), daughter of Cassius Lepidus (son of Cassius Longinus and Junia Lepida). Through her father and paternal grandmother, Cassia was a direct descendant of the Emperor Augustus. Berenicianus and Cassia had a daughter named Julia Cassia Alexandra (born ca. AD 105), who married Gaius Avidius Heliodorus (born ca. AD 100). Heliodorus was ab epistulis under the emperor Hadrian and praefectus Aegypti between AD 138 and 140. Heliodorus and Alexandra had children, including the usurper Avidius Cassius.

SourcesEdit

  • acsearch.info ancient coin search engine: Kings of Armenia
  • Schwartz, Seth (1990). Josephus and Judaean politics. Columbia studies in the classical tradition. Leiden, New York: Brill. p. 137. ISBN 90-04-09230-7. OCLC 21595783.
  • Grainger, John D. (2003). Nerva and the Roman succession Crisis AD 96-99. London, New York: Routledge. pp. xvi. ISBN 0-415-28917-3. OCLC 52012210.
  • Burrell, Barbara (2004). Neokoroi: Greek Cities and Roman Emperors. Cincinnati classical studies, new ser. 9. Leiden, Boston: Brill. ISBN 90-04-12578-7. OCLC 53013513.
  • Meckler, Michael L.; Christian Körner (1999-06-07). "De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors". Retrieved 2008-08-17.
Political offices
Preceded by
Decimus Terentius Gentianus,
and L. Co[...]

as suffect consuls
Suffect consul of the Roman Empire
AD 117
with Lucius Statius Aquila
Succeeded by
Quintus Aquilius Niger,
and Marcus Rebilus Apronianus

as ordinary consuls