Gaius Horatius Pulvillus (died c. 453 BC) was a Roman politician during the 5th century BC, and was consul in 477 and 457 BC.
Gaius Horatius Pulvillus
|Office||Consul (477, 457 BC)|
Ancient sources disagree on his praenomen. Livy and Diodorus Siculus give Gaius for the year 477 BC, but Marcus for 457 BC; however the Fasti Capitolini and Dionysius of Halicarnassus give Gaius for both years. He was the son of Marcus Horatius Pulvillus, consul in 509 and 507 BC, and the grandson of a Marcus Horatius. His complete name is Gaius (or Marcus) Horatius M.f. M.n. Pulvillus.
First consulship Edit
In 477 BC, Gaius Horatius Pulvillus was elected consul with Titus Menenius Lanatus.[a 1] The senate conferred to him management of the war against the Volsci while his colleague prepared to confront the Veientes. However, following the victories of Veii at the Battle of the Cremera and again against Menenius, Horatius was recalled to Rome, where the Veientes had occupied the Janiculum. He won a battle in Janiculum, but the success was insufficient in driving the Etruscans out - the war had to be continued by the consuls of the following year.[a 2][a 3]
Second consulship Edit
In 457 BC, he was consul for the second time with Quintus Minucius Esquilinus.[n 1] The tribunes of the plebs prevented the mobilisation of the army for the campaign against the Aequi, but finally gave in when the Sabines were found pillaging Roman fields.[a 4] Horatius led Roman forces against the Aequi, while Minucius led forces against the Sabines. The number of tribunes was increased to ten this year, with one tradition giving Horatius a leading role in accomplishing this.
End of career Edit
He later entered the college of the augurs. He died in 453 BC during a plague,[a 5] or typhus which also took the consul Sextus Quinctilius Varus and the consul suffect Spurius Furius Medullinus Fusus who replaced him.[a 6] Gaius Veturius Cicurinus succeeded Pulvillus within the college of augurs.[a 7]
Modern sources Edit
Ancient sources Edit
- Dionysius of Halicarnassus in Romaike Archaiologia books 9 and 10.
- Diodorus Siculus in Bibliotheca historica book 11.
- Titus Livius in Roman History book 3.
- Broughton, Thomas Robert Shannon (1951), The Magistrates of the Roman Republic, Philological Monograph No. 15, New York: American Philological Association, ISBN 0-89130-811-3
- Flobert, Annette (1995), Tite-Live, Histoire Romaine, livres I à V : traduction nouvelle (in French), Paris: Garnier-Flammarion