GWR 5101 Class
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|GWR 5101 Class|
Preserved 5101 Class locomotive 4160 at Minehead, West Somerset Railway, painted in British Railways lined-green livery.
The 5101 Class were medium-sized tank engines used for suburban and local passenger services all over the Great Western Railway system. The class was an updated version, by Collett, of Churchward's 1903 3100/5100 Class.
The original 40 members of the 3100 class were renumbered 5100 and 5111 to 5149 in 1927. The first batches of 5101s filled in the numbers 5101 to 5110 and extended the class from 5150 to 5189. They were little changed from the Churchward locomotives as they then were, but had an increased axle loading of 17 long tons 12 cwt (39,400 lb or 17.9 t); the maximum permitted for the ‘Blue’ route availability. Bunkers were of the standard Collett design with greater coal capacity. The 5100 number series was exhausted in 1934, and further new locomotives were numbered from 4100.
In 1938, the GWR began a modernisation programme to the earlier locomotives, rebuilding them to provide greater availability and more tractive effort. This would allow them to undertake their original mixed-traffic duties on a wider selection of routes, as well as banking. The 3100 class were to be rebuilt as the 3500 class, with Standard Class 4 boilers at 225psi replacing the original Standard Class 2 at 200psi, and using coupled wheels of 5 feet 3 inches diameter, which in combination took tractive effort up to 31,170 pounds. Only five engines were rebuilt pre the onset of World War II. The last of the large prairie locomotives constructed were 4140 to 4179, built to the last GWR design by British Railways at Swindon.
As both freight and passenger traffic on branch lines declined post-World War II with increasing volumes of private motor cars, and replacement on urban services by diesel-powered rail cars, the bulk of the class found itself allocated to various mainline support duties, mainly banking and piloting, often on the South Devon Banks on the Exeter to Plymouth Line, or around the Severn Tunnel on the South Wales Main Line.
Accidents and incidentsEdit
A number of the class - 4110, 4115, 4121, 4144, 4150, 4156 and 4160 - ended their operational lives allocated to the major locomotive shed (88E) at Severn Tunnel Junction, undertaking piloting and banking duties through both the Severn Tunnel and the associated goods yard. Assistance was needed by all heavy trains through the Severn Tunnel, which entailed: 3.5 miles (5.6 km) of 1-in-90 down to the middle of the tunnel; then a further 3.5 miles (5.6 km) at 1-in-100 up to Pilning; a short level then 3.5 miles (5.6 km) more at 1-in-100 to Patchway. However, the pilot locomotive usually came off at Pilning.
All were withdrawn by June 1965, and subsequently sold for scrap to Woodham Brothers. Woodham's had prioritised processing for scrap the easier to handle former coal wagons over the more complex steam locomotives, giving rise to the large number of retained steam locomotives at Barry Island into the late 1970s. However, following a period of theft from the yard and BR being unable to offer any quantity of redundant wagons, rather than lay off staff, in summer 1980 Dai Woodham authorized the scrapping of two steam locomotives, BR Standard Class 9F No. 92085, and 5101 class No.4156. By August, more former steel coal wagons had been delivered to the yard, making 4156 and 92085 the last locomotives to be broken up at Barry.
The rest of the former Severn Tunnel Junction locomotives now form the bulk of the ten class members that have subsequently been bought for preservation. Eight are in various states or preservation or operation, whilst two have acted as donor locomotive for other projects:
|Number||Built||Withdrawn||Service Life||Owner||Current Location||Status||Notes||Image|
|5164||Nov 1930||Apr 1963||32 Years, 5 months||5164 Preservation Group||Barrow Hill Engine Shed||Boiler certificate expired 5 January 2014||Normally located at the Severn Valley Railway, currently on display at Barrow Hill MPD for at least 12 months.|
|5193||Oct 1934||Jun 1962||27 Years, 8 months||West Somerset Railway plc||West Somerset Railway||Rebuilt as GWR 4300 Class, No.9351. Currently under overhaul||Originally built in 1934, withdrawn in 1962 and recovered from Woodham Brothers scrapyard in 1979. Rebuilt by the West Somerset Railway into a 2-6-0 resembling a small boilered version of the GWR 4300 Class: remove the water tanks; remove whole rear of the locomotive including the rear of the frames, trailing wheels and fuel bunker; add tender. Renumbered 9351.|
|5199||Nov 1934||Mar 1963||28 Years, 3 months||Llangollen Railway||Llangollen Railway||Operational||Overhaul completed 23 November 2014|
|4110||Oct 1936||Jun 1965||28 Years, 8 months||West Somerset Railway plc||West Somerset Railway||Unrestored||Sold in May 2015 by GWR Preservation Group Limited of Southall Railway Centre to WSR plc. Moved to Minehead 16 June 2015.|
|4115||Oct 1936||Jun 1965||28 Years, 8 months||Great Western Society||Didcot Railway Centre||Donor locomotive||Built October 1936, withdrawn from service in June 1965. One of the "Barry Ten", she was sold to the Great Western Society, Didcot in 2010, to act as a donor locomotive for the creation of two new locomotives:
|4121||Dec 1937||Jun 1965||27 Years, 6 months||Tyseley Locomotive Works||Unrestored, partially stripped||Stored at Tyseley in a partially stripped down state|
|4141||Aug 1946||Mar 1963||16 Years, 7 months||Epping Ongar Railway||Operational||Returned to steam in 2012 after an overhaul, but currently out of service awaiting boiler repairs.|
|4144||Sept 1946||Jun 1965||18 Years, 8 months||Great Western Society||Didcot Railway Centre||Operational||Returned to steam in 2015 after an overhaul|
|4150||Jun 1947||Jun 1965||17 Years, 11 months||4150 fund||Severn Valley Railway||Restoration in progress|
|4160||Sept 1948||Jun 1965||16 Years, 8 months||4160 Ltd||Llangollen Railway||Under Overhaul||Overhauled in 2007, operated on the West Somerset Railway. Until recently West Somerset Railway Association had a 28% share, but in late Autumn 2015 two long standing directors of 4160 Ltd purchased the holding. Sent to the Llangollen Railway in January 2016 for overhaul|
- "Light at the end of the tunnel for Severn 'Prairie'". Steam Railway. Peterborough: Bauer Consumer Media Ltd (455): 40–42. 17 June 2016. ISSN 0143-7232.
- "Four killed and 50 injured in train crash". The Times (51243). London. 1 December 1948. col A-B, p. 4.
- "The Barry Scrapyard story, part 2". The Great Western Archive - part1. Retrieved 2008-10-19.
- "Frames Ordered for New GWR 47xx Class as Prairie Survivor is Dismantled". rail.co.uk. 8 March 2012.