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The GSAT satellites are India's indigenously developed communications satellites, used for digital audio, data and video broadcasting. As of 5 December 2018, 20 GSAT satellites of ISRO have been launched out of which 14 satellites are currently in service.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The GSAT series of geosynchronous satellites is a system developed by ISRO with an objective to make India self-reliant in broadcasting services. The repertoire of 10 GSAT satellites, a total of 168 transponders (out of which 95 transponders are leased out to provide services to the broadcasters) in the C, Extended C and Ku-bands provides services to telecommunications, television broadcasting, weather forecasting, disaster warning and search and rescue operations.

List of satellitesEdit

This is a list of GSAT satellites with their outcome.

GSAT Satellites In Service/Planned
Satellite Longitude Date of launch Launch vehicle Lift-off mass Status Notes
GSAT series INSAT series Known as
GSAT-6 INSAT-4E 83° East 27 August 2015   GSLV Mk.II D6 2,132 kg (4,700 lb) In service A multi-media mobile satellite system; will offer a Satellite Digital Multimedia Broadcasting (S-DMB) service, via mobile phones and mobile video/audio receivers for vehicles; Can also be utilized for strategic and social applications.
GSAT-7 INSAT-4F[1] 74° East 30 August 2013   Ariane 5 ECA VA-215 2,650 kg (5,840 lb) In service According to defense experts, to enable the Indian Navy to acquire blue water capabilities and need not depend on foreign satellites like Inmarsat, which provide communication services to its ships.
GSAT-7A - Angry Bird 19 December 2018   GSLV Mk.II F11

2,250 kg (4,960 lb)

In service GSAT-7A is an advanced military communications satellite meant exclusively for the Indian Air Force.
GSAT-7B - 20XX   GSLV Mk.II F? Planned
GSAT-7C - 20XX   GSLV Mk.II F? Planned
GSAT-8 INSAT-4G GramSat 8[2] 55° East 20 May 2011   Ariane 5 ECA VA-202 3,093 kg (6,819 lb) In service To augment the capacity in the INSAT system; The GAGAN payload provides the Satellite Based Augmentation System (SBAS), through which the accuracy of the positioning information obtained from the IRNSS Satellites is improved by a network of ground-based receivers and made available to the users in the country through the geostationary satellites.
GSAT-9 - South Asia Satellite 48° East 5 May 2017   GSLV Mk.II F09 2,330 kg (5,140 lb) In service Carried GAGAN navigation payload, a regional navigational services by NAVIC, a navigational system developed by India, that provides navigational services to the security forces and air traffic control organizations.
GSAT-10 - 83° East 29 September 2012[3]   Ariane 5 ECA VA-209 3,435 kg (7,573 lb) In service To augment telecommunication, Direct-To-Home and radio navigation services.
GSAT-11 - 74° East 4 December 2018   Ariane 5 ECA VA-246 5854 kg

(12,906 lb)

In service Aimed at providing advanced telecom and DTH services in the country. Heaviest satellite build by India.
GSAT-12 - GramSat 12[4] 83° East 15 July 2011   PSLV-XL C17 1,412 kg (3,113 lb) In service Replacement of the INSAT-3B; to provide services like tele-education, tele-medicine, disaster management support and satellite internet access. Only GSAT satellite to be launched by PSLV.
GSAT-14 - 75° East 5 January 2014   GSLV Mk.II D5 1,982 kg (4,370 lb) In service To replace the GSAT-3 satellite; launched by a GSLV Mk.II, which incorporated an Indian-built cryogenic engine on the third stage.
GSAT-15 - 93.5° East 10 November 2015   Ariane 5 ECA VA-227 3,100 kg (6,800 lb) In service Similar to GSAT-10 satellite; to augment the capacity of transponders to provide more bandwidth for Direct-to-Home television and VSAT services.
GSAT-16 - 55° East 6 December 2014   Ariane 5 ECA VA-221 3,150 kg (6,940 lb) In service[5] The communication payloads provide a combination of total 48 transponders across the three frequency bands (24-Normal C, 12-Extended-C and 12 in Ku-band) along with a Ku-band beacon transmitter, which is the highest for an Indian satellite. The spacecraft will be Co-located with GSAT-8 at 55 deg E.
GSAT-17 - 93.5° East 28 June 2017   Ariane 5 ECA VA-238 3,477 kg (7,551 lb) In service[6] Payload includes 24 C-band, 2 lower C-band, 12 upper C-band, 2 CxS (C-band up/S-band down), and 1 SxC (S-band up/C-band down) transponders as well as a dedicated transponder for data relay (DRT) and search-and-rescue (SAR) services.
GSAT-18 - 74° East 5 October 2016   Ariane 5 ECA

VA-231

3,404 kg (7,505 lb) In service[6] to provide services in Normal C-band, Upper Extended C-band and Ku-bands of the frequency spectrum.
GSAT-19 - 48° East 5 June 2017   GSLV Mk.III D1 3,136 kg (6,914 lb) In service[7] First maiden (developmental) flight of GSLV Mark III
GSAT-20 - 2019

(Planned)

  Ariane 5 ECA 5,300 kg (11,684 lb) Planned[8]
GSAT-22 - 2020 (planned)   GSLV Mk.III Planned[9]
GSAT-23 - 2020 (planned)   GSLV Mk.III Planned[9]
GSAT-24 - 2020 (planned)   GSLV Mk.III Planned[9]
GSAT-29 - 55° East 14 November 2018   GSLV Mk.III D2 3,423 kg (7,546 lb) In service[10] Second developmental flight of GSLV Mark III
GSAT-30 2019 (Planned)   Ariane 5 ECA Planned[11]
GSAT-31 48° East 6 February 2019   Ariane 5 ECA 2,535 kg (5,588 lb) In Service[12]
GSAT-32 February 2020   GSLV Mk.II Replacement of GSAT – 6A.
GSAT Satellites Decommissioned/Failed/Cancelled
Satellite Longitude Date of launch Launch vehicle Lift-off mass Status Notes
GSAT series INSAT series Known as
GSAT-1 - GramSat 1[13] 73° West (2000)
99° West (2000–2006)
76.85° West (2006–2009)
18 April 2001   GSLV Mk.I D1 1,540 kg (3,400 lb) Failed to orbit
(Experimental satellite)
Envisaged as a technology demonstrator; Failed to achieve its target orbit, which prevented it from fulfilling its primary communications mission.
GSAT-2 - GramSat 2[14] 47.95° East 8 May 2003   GSLV Mk.I D2 1,825 kg (4,023 lb) Decommissioned
(Experimental satellite)
Experimental communication satellite on board the second developmental test flight of India's GSLV.
GSAT-3 - EduSat 74° East 20 September 2004   GSLV Mk.I F01 1,950 kg (4,300 lb) Decommissioned
(30 September 2010)
Built exclusively to serve the educational sector. It was mainly intended to meet the demand for an interactive satellite-based distance education system for the country.
GSAT-4 - HealthSat 82° East 15 April 2010   GSLV Mk.II D3 2,220 kg (4,890 lb) Failed to orbit Experimental communication and navigation satellite; maiden flight of the GSLV Mk.II rocket.
GSAT-5 INSAT-4D[15]   GSLV Mk.II 2,250 kg (4,960 lb) Cancelled Rebuilt as the GSAT-5P.
GSAT-5P - 55° East 25 December 2010   GSLV Mk.I F06 2,310 kg (5,090 lb) Failed to orbit As a replacement for INSAT-3E.
GSAT-6A - 29 March 2018   GSLV Mk.II F08 2,140 kg (4,720 lb) Communication lost Communication with the satellite was lost after the second orbit raising manoeuvre. Efforts are on to re-establish link but at this point it remains incommunicado.[16]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "GSAT 7". NASA. 16 August 2013. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
  2. ^ "GSAT 8". NASA. 16 August 2013. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
  3. ^ "GSAT 10". NASA. 16 August 2013. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
  4. ^ "GSAT 12". NASA. 16 August 2013. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
  5. ^ "Ariane 5 delivers DIRECTV-14 and GSAT-16 to orbit on Arianespace's latest mission success". Archived from the original on 11 December 2014. Retrieved 7 December 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  6. ^ a b "Annual Report 2015-2016" (PDF). Indian Space Research Organisation. December 2015. p. 28. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-07-05. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  7. ^ "Now, ISRO successfully puts GSAT-19 satellite in orbit with GSLV Mk-III". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 5 June 2017.
  8. ^ "GSat 20". Gunter's Space Page. 2 June 2017. Retrieved 2 June 2017.
  9. ^ a b c "GSAT 22/23/24". Indian Defense News. 25 April 2017. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  10. ^ ISRO successfully launches the GSAT-29 satellite from Satish Dhawan Space Center in Sriharikota on Wednesday. Bangalore Mirror. 14 November 2018.
  11. ^ "GSAT 30 & 31". The Indian Express. 16 August 2018. Retrieved 6 November 2018.
  12. ^ "India's 40th Communication Satellite, GSAT-31, Launched". NDTV. Retrieved 6 February 2019.
  13. ^ "GSAT 1". NASA. 16 August 2013. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
  14. ^ "GSAT 2". NASA. 16 August 2013. Retrieved 6 January 2014.
  15. ^ "GSat 5 (Insat 4D)". Gunter's Space Page. 29 March 2017. Retrieved 22 May 2017.
  16. ^ https://www.isro.gov.in/update/01-apr-2018/second-orbit-raising-operation-of-gsat-6a-satellite-has-been-successfully-carried
  17. ^ "GSAT-18 launched successfully on board Ariane-5 from Kourou in French Guiana". 2016-10-06. Retrieved 2016-10-06.

External linksEdit