GQ (formerly Gentlemen's Quarterly) is an international monthly men's magazine based in New York City and founded in 1931. The publication focuses on fashion, style, and culture for men, though articles on food, movies, fitness, sex, music, travel, sports, technology, and books are also featured.
November 2007 cover of GQ
|Publisher||Condé Nast Inc.|
|Total circulation||938,359 (2013)|
|Based in||New York City|
|Language||English and Spanish|
Gentlemen's Quarterly was launched in 1931 in the United States as Apparel Arts. It was a men's fashion magazine for the clothing trade, aimed primarily at wholesale buyers and retail sellers. Initially it had a very limited print run and was aimed solely at industry insiders to enable them to give advice to their customers. The popularity of the magazine among retail customers, who often took the magazine from the retailers, spurred the creation of Esquire magazine in 1933.
Apparel Arts continued until 1957 when it was transformed into a quarterly magazine for men, which was published for many years by Esquire Inc. Apparel was dropped from the logo in 1958 with the spring issue after nine issues, and the name Gentlemen's Quarterly was established.
Gentlemen's Quarterly was re-branded as GQ in 1967. The rate of publication was increased from quarterly to monthly in 1970. In 1983 Condé Nast bought the publication, and editor Art Cooper changed the course of the magazine, introducing articles beyond fashion and establishing GQ as a general men's magazine in competition with Esquire. Subsequently, international editions were launched as regional adaptations of the U.S. editorial formula. Jim Nelson was named editor-in-chief of GQ in February 2003; during his tenure he worked as both a writer and an editor of several National Magazine Award-nominated pieces and the magazine became more oriented towards younger readers and those who prefer a more casual style.
Nonnie Moore was hired by GQ as fashion editor in 1984, having served in the same position at Mademoiselle and Harper's Bazaar. Jim Moore, the magazine's fashion director at the time of her death in 2009, described the choice as unusual, observing that "She was not from men's wear, so people said she was an odd choice, but she was actually the perfect choice" and noting that she changed the publication's more casual look, which "She helped dress up the pages, as well as dress up the men, while making the mix more exciting and varied and approachable for men."
GQ has been closely associated with metrosexuality. The writer Mark Simpson coined the term in an article for British newspaper The Independent about his visit to a GQ exhibition in London: "The promotion of metro-sexuality was left to the men's style press, magazines such as The Face, GQ, Esquire, Arena and FHM, the new media which took off in the Eighties and is still growing ... They filled their magazines with images of narcissistic young men sporting fashionable clothes and accessories. And they persuaded other young men to study them with a mixture of envy and desire."[This quote needs a citation] The magazine has expanded its coverage beyond lifestyle issues. For example, in 2003, journalist Sabrina Rubin Erdely wrote an eight-page feature story in GQ on famous con man Steve Comisar.
In 2016, GQ launched the spinoff quarterly GQ Style.
In 2018, writing for GQ, Rachel Kaadzi Ghansah won the Pulitzer Prize for Feature Writing for her article about Dylann Roof, who had shot nine Afro-Americans in a church in Charleston.
Men of the YearEdit
GQ (U.S.) first named their Men of the Year in 1996, featuring the award recipients in a special issue of the magazine. British GQ launched their annual Men of the Year awards in 2009 and GQ India launched theirs the following year. Spanish GQ launched their Men of the Year awards in 2011 and GQ Australia launched theirs in 2007.
In 2010, GQ magazine had a three adult members of the television show Glee (Dianna Agron, Lea Michele and Cory Monteith) partake in a photoshoot. The sexualization of the actresses in the photos caused controversy among parents of teens who watch the show Glee. The Parents Television Council was the first to react to the photo spread when it was leaked prior to GQ's planned publishing date. Their President Tim Winter stated, "By authorizing this kind of near-pornographic display, the creators of the program have established their intentions on the show's directions. And it isn't good for families". The photoshoot was published as planned and Dianna Agron went on to state that the photos that were taken did not represent who she is and that she was sorry if anyone was offended by them.
Russian apartment bombingsEdit
GQ's September 2009 U.S. magazine published, in its "backstory" section, an article by Scott Anderson, "None Dare Call It Conspiracy". Before GQ published the article, an internal email from a Condé Nast lawyer referred to it as "Vladimir Putin's Dark Rise to Power". The article reported Anderson's investigation of the 1999 Russian apartment bombings, and included interviews with Mikhail Trepashkin who investigated the bombings while he was a colonel in Russia's Federal Security Service.
Condé Nast's management tried to keep the story out of Russia. It ordered executives and editors not to distribute that issue in Russia or show it to "Russian government officials, journalists or advertisers". Management decided not to publish the story on GQ's website or in Condé Nast's foreign magazines, not to publicize the story, and asked Anderson not to syndicate the story "to any publications that appear in Russia".
Criticism of the Bible and Western literary canonEdit
On April 19, 2018, the editors of GQ published an article titled "21 Books You Don’t Have To Read" in which the editors compiled a list of works they think are overrated and should be passed over, including Catcher in the Rye, The Alchemist, Blood Meridian, A Farewell to Arms, The Old Man and the Sea, The Lord of the Rings, and Catch-22. GQ’s review included a criticism of the Bible, calling "it is repetitive, self-contradictory, sententious, foolish, and even at times ill-intentioned". The article generated a backlash among internet commentators.
The magazine reported an average U.S. paid circulation of 824,334 issues per month in 2006, of which 609,238 were subscriptions. 73% of the readership are men, and 63% are single. 65% of readers had an annual income of $50,000 or greater; and 46% had an income greater than $75,000.[a]
British GQ had an average circulation of 114,867, made up of 102,694 print edition sales and 12,173 digital edition sales, from July to December 2013, and during the period of July–December, 2018 on ABC statistics, it was recorded to be 110,063.
Editors and publishersEdit
- Bernard J. Miller (1957–1975)
- Sal Schiliro (1975–1980)
- Steve Florio (1975–1985)
- Jack Kliger (1985–1988)
- Michael Clinton (1988–1994)
- Michael Perlis (1994–1995)
- Richard Beckman (1995–1999)
- Tom Florio (1999–2000)
- Ronald A. Galotti (2000–2003)
- Peter King Hunsinger (2003–2011)
- Chris Mitchell (2011–2014)
- Howard Mittman (2014–2017)
- "Consumer Magazines". Alliance for Audited Media. Retrieved February 10, 2014.
- Sterlacci, Francesca; Arbuckle, Joanne (2009). The A to Z of the Fashion Industry. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press. p. 101. ISBN 0810870460. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
- "Esquire | American magazine". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved March 6, 2018.
- "History of Esquire Magazine - DKC". DKC. May 21, 2015. Retrieved March 6, 2018.
- "Magazine Data, page 140: Gentlemen's Quarterly". Retrieved January 13, 2009.
- "GQ | American magazine". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved August 22, 2017.
- Hevesi, Dennis (February 24, 2009). "Nonnie Moore, Fashion Editor at Magazines, Dies at 87". The New York Times. Retrieved February 26, 2009.
- The Creep With the Golden Tongue by Sabrina R Erdely, GQ, August 2003, pp. 126–132, 155–156.
- Nast, Condé. "Inside the GQ Style Launch Party Photo Booth". GQ. Retrieved June 9, 2019.
- Pulitzer-Preis für Weinstein-Enthüllungen orf.at, 16 April 2018, retrieved 17 April 2018. (German)
- Larson, Lauren; Mooney, Jessie (November 19, 2015). "Watch Tracy Morgan and Donald Trump Welcome You to GQ's Men of the Year Issue". GQ. Retrieved December 10, 2015.
- "GQ Men of the Year - Home". GQ (UK). Retrieved December 10, 2015.
- "How Deepika, Shahid and Akshay will save the world". GQ India. November 5, 2015. Retrieved December 11, 2015.
- "Hombres GQ del año". Revista GQ. Retrieved December 11, 2015.
- "GQ Men of the Year Awards". Vogue Australia. Retrieved December 10, 2015.
- Andreeva, Nellie. "Racy 'Glee' GQ Shoot Creates Controversy". www.deadline.com. Retrieved February 28, 2015.
- de Moraes, Lisa. "Racy GQ photo spread gives you all the 'Glee' you could expect to see, and so much more". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 28, 2015.
- Andreeva, Nellie. "Racy 'Glee' GQ Shoot Creates Controversy". Deadline.com. Retrieved February 28, 2015.
- Anderson, Scott (September 2009). "None Dare Call It Conspiracy". GQ: 246.
- Folkenflik, David (September 4, 2009). "Why 'GQ' Doesn't Want Russians To Read Its Story". Retrieved September 4, 2009.
- Snyder, Gabriel. "Эй, вы можете прочитать запрещенную статью GQ про Путина здесь" [Hey, You Can Read the Forbidden GQ Article About Putin Here]. Gawker. Archived from the original on September 7, 2009.
- "None Dare Call It Conspiracy". Ratafia Currant. September 4, 2009. Archived from the original on March 24, 2014. Retrieved March 23, 2014.
- "White Men Are Mad That This 'GQ' List Dismisses Books By White Men". NYLON. April 20, 2018. Retrieved April 21, 2018.
- "Here's why that 'GQ' list about 21 overrated books is actually totally fine". EW.com. Retrieved April 21, 2018.
- "GQ Condemns the Holy Bible: 'Repetitive, Self-Contradictory, Sententious, Foolish…Ill-Intentioned'". CNS News. Retrieved April 21, 2018.
- Bryant, Taylor (April 21, 2018). "White Men Are Mad That This 'GQ' List Dismisses Books By White Men". Nylon.
- "Information about GQ Magazine". MagsDirect.com. March 12, 2006. p. 2. Archived from the original on April 13, 2009. Retrieved June 6, 2009.
- "Advance Publications : Top 100 U.S. Magazines by Circulation" (PDF). Public Service Advertising Research Center. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 27, 2011. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
- "FHM circulation drops below 100,000". The Guardian. February 13, 2014. Retrieved February 14, 2014.
- "GQ : Circulation (average per issue)". Archived from the original on March 24, 2019. Retrieved March 24, 2019.