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The GM-94 is a pump action grenade launcher developed by the KBP design bureau for use by Russian special and security forces.

GM-94
Grenade-launcher-GM-94.jpg
GM-94
TypePump action grenade launcher
Place of originRussia
Service history
Used bySpetsnaz, FSB, MVD and National Guard
Wars2005 raid on Nalchik[1]
Libyan Civil War[2]
Crimean Crisis[2]
Production history
DesignerKBP
Specifications
Mass4.8 kg (10.6 lb) unloaded
5.8 kg (12.8 lb) loaded
Length810 mm (31.9 in) stock extended
540 mm (21.3 in) stock folded

Cartridge43×30mm
ActionDouble action
Muzzle velocity85 m/s (280 ft/s)
Effective firing range300 m (330 yd)
Maximum firing range500 m (550 yd)
Feed system3 round pump action above-barrel tubular magazine
SightsIron sights

DescriptionEdit

The GM-94 is a short range weapon, allowing it to be used in close urban environments. With a minimum safe distance of only 5m,[3] the GM-94 is well suited to close, room-to-room fighting. Its simple design and operation allows it to operate in dusty and dirty environments and even after being immersed in water.

The launcher is capable of firing VGM-93.900[4] high explosive fragmentation, VGM-93.100 thermobaric,[4] VGM-93.300[4] smoke and VGM-93.200[4] tear gas canisters, VGM-93.600[4] rubber slugs and other non-lethal payloads.

In June 2005, GM-94 with thermobaric VGM-93.100 ammunition was adopted by the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs.[5] In October 2007, the Russian armed forces adopted a new launcher designated LPO-97 developed in the KBP Instrument Design Bureau on the basis of the GM-94 with a thermobaric grenade,[6] in 2008 GM-94 adopted for the branches of the Federal Security Service.[7] Though the launcher was intended for use by Russian security forces, the GM-94 has been spotted as far afield as Kazakhstan and Libya.[2]

UsersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Popenker, Maxim; Jensen-Jones, N.R. (September 2015). The Russian GM-94 Grenade Launcher (PDF). Arms & Munitions brief. Armament Research. ISBN 978-0-9924624-5-1.
  1. ^ a b Popenker & Jensen-Jones 2015, p. 16.
  2. ^ a b c d e Popenker & Jensen-Jones 2015, p. 17.
  3. ^ "Modern Firearms". Archived from the original on 2 August 2018. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
  4. ^ a b c d e Popenker & Jensen-Jones 2015, p. 15
  5. ^ "ГМ-94 - ручной гранатомёт". army.lv. Archived from the original on 28 January 2015. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
  6. ^ "ОАО "Конструкторское бюро приборостроения" - 10 лет ГМ-94". kbptula.ru. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
  7. ^ "ГМ-94". gewehr.ru. Archived from the original on 28 January 2015. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
  8. ^ Ferguson, Jonathan; Jenzen-Jones, N.R. (November 2014). Raising Red Flags: An Examination of Arms & Munitions in the Ongoing Conflict in Ukraine, 2014. Research Report 3. Armament Research Services. p. 26. ISBN 978-0-9924624-3-7.