GCE Advanced Level in Sri Lanka
The Sri Lankan Advanced Level (A-level), is a General Certificate of Education (GCE) qualification exam in Sri Lanka, similar to the British Advanced Level, conducted annually by the Department of Examinations of the Ministry of Education. It is usually taken by students during the optional final two years of collegiate level (grade 12 and 13 or external (non-school) candidates), after they have completed GCE Ordinary Level exams. The majority of candidates enter the exams via their respective schools, while candidates who have finished school education can also apply as private applicants. The qualification also serves as an entrance requirement for Sri Lankan state universities. The exams are held in three mediums: Sinhala, Tamil and English.
Fields of StudyEdit
The candidates are expected to study for 2 years at collegiate level before taking the examination. The examination diversifies over 5 major fields of study,
- Physical Science stream (Combined mathematics, Physics and Chemistry or information technology )
- Biological Science stream (Biology (Botany and Zoology), Physics or Agricultural science and Chemistry)
- Commerce stream
- Arts stream
- Technology stream (The subjects include Engineering Technology, Bio-system Technology, Science for Technology and a category subject)
In each stream, candidates are expected to face 3 subjects related to the specific stream. Additionally, there would be a General English test and a Common General test. Although the result of the General English test is not taken into account for the University Entrance selection criteria, candidates are expected to obtain a pass mark for the Common General test.
The exams are conducted each year in August, in selected national schools across the country. Invigilators and supervisors are appointed by the Department of Examinations and they are typically qualified teachers of the local school system. Candidates are allowed to sit for the exam 3 times to qualify for a state university, i.e. the candidates have to meet the minimum requirements for university admission within 3 attempts in order gain university admission. Candidates can sit for the examination any number of times in order to qualify for private courses or any other job requirements. The test assessments are carried out by marking panels usually consisting of qualified and experienced school teachers in service, who are guided by supervisors (usually university lecturers). It takes about 4–5 months for the final results of the island wide examination to be released and candidates have to wait further for around one year to enter a local university, depending on the university and the course/field of study.
Physical Science streamEdit
Physical Science stream is also known as Maths stream. Mathematics stream has four main subjects: Combined Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, and Information and Communication Technology (ICT). Under the recent syllabus, candidates can choose between either Chemistry or ICT, though Combined Mathematics and Physics are mandatory. Combined Mathematics is a combination of Pure Mathematics and Applied Mathematics. Previously, the candidates had to follow these two subjects separately; by introducing Combined Mathematics syllabi, the two separate subjects were appended and redrafted.
The curriculum also consists of practical experiments that students are expected to participate in school laboratories.
Biological Science streamEdit
Biological Science stream consists of three subjects: Biology, Chemistry, Physics, and Agricultural Science as an optional subject. Candidates can choose either Physics or Agricultural Science. Biology and chemistry are mandatory for all candidates
Commerce Stream has three main subjects. They are Accounting, Business Studies and Economics. Candidates do have the option of selecting either Business Studies or Business Statistics and Economics or Information Technology (IT)
Technology stream was introduced in 2013. The subjects include Engineering Technology, Bio-system Technology, Science for Technology, and ICT, or any other subject from the category. Candidates can choose between either Engineering Technology or Bio-system Technology. Science for Technology is a compulsory subject for both Engineering and Bio-system candidates. Since the stream is relatively new, number of schools that have the facilities to teach the stream is limited or null in some areas for those who want to study those subjects.
It has been noted that in recent years the exam has become extremely competitive and even traumatic for most high school students in Sri Lanka. For the academic year of 2013, out of 55,241 candidates who applied for university admission, only 43.8% were able to gain access to the state universities through the University Grants Commission (UGC), despite satisfying minimum requirements for admission. According to a 2010 study by Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, symptoms of anxiety and depression were common more among students in GCE Advanced Level classes compared to other grades. Students in grade 13 had the second highest depression and anxiety scores, with examination related issues being the most commonly cited problem. Out of the 445 students that were assessed, 22.9% of students in grade 12 and 28.6% in grade 13 reportedly had severe depression, while 28.6% in grade 12 and 32.1% in grade 13 had severe anxiety. Due to the intimidating nature of the exam, family pressure, and social stigma resulting from exam results, most students tend to get severely depressed if they fail to achieve desired results. Some cases of suicide have been linked to the exam.
- ""Technology" is introduced as a new stream into the Advanced Level subject streams". Ministry of Education, Sri Lanka. Retrieved 27 December 2017.
- "Academic Year 2013/2014" (PDF). University Grants Commission - Sri Lanka. Retrieved 20 July 2015.
- Rodrigo, Chaturaka; Welgama, Srina; Gurusinghe, Jayantha; Wijeratne, Thilina; Jayananda, Gamini; Rajapakse, Senaka (2010). "Symptoms of anxiety and depression in adolescent students; a perspective from Sri Lanka" (PDF). Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health. 4: 10. doi:10.1186/1753-2000-4-10. PMC 2855518. PMID 20334654. Retrieved 27 December 2017.
- "Student who failed A/L's commits suicide". Hiru News. Retrieved 20 July 2015.
- "Student commits suicide over A/L admission, principal suspended". Ada Derana. August 7, 2015. Retrieved 27 December 2017.
- Abeysekera, Nalin Abeysekera. "Education System of Sri Lanka- is committing suicide, a social outcome?". Asian Tribune. Retrieved 27 December 2017.