The GAZ-66 is a Soviet and later Russian 4x4 all-road (off-road) military truck produced by GAZ. It was one of the main cargo vehicles for motorized infantry of the Soviet Army and is still employed in former Soviet Union countries.[1] It is nicknamed shishiga (шишига), shisharik (шишарик)/shehsherik (шешерик), trueman (in Siberia).

GAZ-66
Red GAZ-66.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerGAZ
Production1964-1998
Body and chassis
ClassTruck
LayoutF4 layout
Powertrain
Transmission4-speed manual
Dimensions
Wheelbase3,300 mm (129.9 in)
Length5,805 mm (228.5 in)
Width2,322 mm (91.4 in)
Height2,520 mm (99.2 in)
Curb weight3,440 kg (7,584 lb)
Chronology
PredecessorGAZ-63
SuccessorGAZ-3308

Almost one million vehicles of this type were built for both military and civil use. The GAZ-66 has gained legendary status in many countries around the world due to its reliability, simplicity and off-road capability.[2] Thanks to standard features, such as a front-mounted winch, Central Tire Inflation System (CTIS) and self-locking differentials, the GAZ-66 is extremely popular worldwide with armed forces and off-road enthusiasts.[3] Production ceased in 1999, with the GAZ-3308 being produced instead.

Basic versionsEdit

 
GAZ-66 based fire engine
 
GAZ-66 tanker
 
GAZ-66 with KUNG body.
 
GAZ-66 platform truck
 
GAZ-66 in Russian military service
 
GAZ-66 in military service with the PAIGC liberation movement in Guinea-Bissau, 1973
  • GAZ-66-1 (1964-1968) - the first model with no centralized system for adjusting the air pressure in the tires
  • GAZ-66A (1964-1968) - with a winch
  • GAZ-34 - a 6×6 prototype
  • GAZ-66B (1966) - Paratrooper version with telescopic steering column, folding roof and folding windshield frame
    • BM-21V "Grad-V" (Vozdushnodesantiy – 'airborne') (NATO designation M1975): Developed for airborne troops in 1969. A GAZ-66B four-by-four truck chassis is fitted with a 12-round 122 mm rocket launcher. The vehicle is sturdy enough to be air-dropped. Parts of the vehicle such as the canvas cab roof can be taken off or folded down to reduce its size during transit. Like the BM-21, the BM-21V has stabilizing jacks on the rear of the vehicle for support when firing. The launch vehicle has the industrial index of 9P125.
  • GAZ-66D (1964-1968) - the chassis with a power take-off
  • GAZ-66P - tractor (experimental)
  • GAZ-66E (1964-1968) - with shielded electrical equipment
  • GAZ-66-01 (1968-1985) - the base model with a centralized control system for tire pressure
  • GAZ-66-02 (1968-1985) - with a winch
  • GAZ-66-03 (1964-1968) - with shielded electrical equipment
  • GAZ-66-04 (1968-1985) - the chassis with shielded electrical equipment
  • GAZ-66-05 (1968-1985) - with shielded electrical equipment and a winch
  • GAZ-66-11 (1985-1996) - upgraded base model
  • GAZ-66-12 (1985-1996) - with a winch
  • GAZ-66-14 (1985-1996) - the chassis with shielded electrical equipment and a power take-off

Military versionsEdit

  • GAZ-66-15 (1985-1996) - with shielded electrical equipment and a winch
  • GAZ-66-16 (1991-1993) - modernized version with ZMZ-513.10, reinforced tires (wheels - lean), completed the brakes, the platform without intruding wheel niches (also installed on GAZ-66-11 and GAZ-66-40 ), load capacity 2.3 tons
  • GAZ-66-21 (1993-1995) - the national-economic modification with the dual tires and rear axle wooden platform GAZ-53, load capacity 3.5 tons
  • GAZ-66-31 - chassis for trucks
  • GAZ-66-41 (1992-1995) - a naturally aspirated GAZ-544 diesel engine
  • GAZ-66-40 (1995-1999) - with a GAZ-5441 turbodiesel
  • GAZ-66-92 (1987-1995) - for use in the far north
  • GAZ-66-96 - chassis for shift buses

Export versionsEdit

  • GAZ-66-51 (1968-1985)
  • GAZ-66-52 (1968-1985) - with a winch
  • GAZ-66-81 (1985-1995) - for countries with a temperate climate
  • GAZ-66-91 (1985-1995) - for countries with a tropical climate

Specialised versionsEdit

  • AP-2 - aid station, the main transport unit regimental aid station.
  • AS-66 - ambulance, designed to evacuate the wounded.
  • DDA-2 - disinfecting shower installation, is used in the military (sometimes civil) sanitary-epidemiological units.
  • GZSA-731, 983A, 947, 3713, 3714 - Vans "Mail", "bread" and "Medicine"
  • MZ-66 - Lube.
  • 3902, 3903, 39021, 39031 - mobile workshops to provide technical assistance to agricultural machinery.
  • 2001, 2002, 3718, 3719, 3716, 3924, 39521 - mobile clinics
  • NZAS-3964, Volgar-39461 - watch buses
  • GAZ-SAZ-3511 - tipper for agricultural purposes on the GAZ-66-31 (build - Saransk).
  • GAZ-KAZ-3511 - tipper for agricultural purposes on GAZ-66-31 (build - Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan)

OperatorsEdit

SpecificationsEdit

Specifications for GAZ 66-11[7][8]

Design
  • Cab-forward design, 2-seat cab + 21 passengers in the back.
  • Payload: 2,000 kg (4,400 lb) plus the same weight trailer
  • Suspension: Solid axles with leaf springs
Engine
  • Type- ZMZ-66-06 V8 petrol (carburetor) OHV engine; heavy duty version of the ZMZ-53[9][10][11]
  • Displacement: 4,254 cc (Bore 92 mm (3.622 in), Stroke 80 mm (3.150 in))
  • Compression ratio: 7.6:1
  • Output: 120 hp (89 kW) @ 3,200 rpm
  • Torque: 284.5 N⋅m (210 lbf⋅ft) @ 2,000-2200 rpm
  • Max. speed- 90 km/h (56 mph)(speed governed)
Brakes
  • Type: Drums, with hydraulic control, single circuit, servo assisted
  • Stopping distance from 20 mph: 27'
Measurements
  • L×W×H: 5,805 mm (19 ft 1 in) x 2,322 mm (7 ft 7 in) x 2,490 mm (8 ft 2 in)(cab) / 2,520 mm (8 ft 3 in)(tent)
  • Wheelbase: 3,300 mm (129.92 in)
  • Track front/rear: 1,820 mm (71.65 in)/1,750 mm (68.90 in)
  • Curb weight: 3,440 kg (7,580 lb)
  • Fuel tanks: 2 x 105 l (23 imp gal; 28 US gal)
  • Fuel economy: 31.5 l/100 km (9 mpg‑imp; 7 mpg‑US)
Maneuverability
  • Turning circle: 9.5 m (31 ft)
  • Approach angle: 41°
  • Departure angle: 32°
  • Max. ascent angle: 31–37° (fully loaded)
  • Ground clearance: 315 mm (12 in)
  • Fording depth: 1 m (39 in)
Tires
  • Size: 12–18"
  • Pressure: Adjustable with central tyre inflation system from cab

Popular cultureEdit

 
Soviet stamp, 1971
  • In the 2010 game Call of Duty: Black Ops, the GAZ-66 is used as a transport for guards in the level "Vorkuta".
  • It is mentioned in the 1991 Tom Clancy novel The Sum Of All Fears.
  • In the Russian version of the TV show Top Gear, a test was conducted on the vehicle's strengths: the body had building rubble dropped on it, it was set on fire and submerged in water. After all these tests, it kept going.
  • The GAZ-66 was featured in the movie The Expendables 2 with Jean-Claude Van Damme.
  • The GAZ-66 is a truck in the game Spintires: MudRunner with the name of B-66 due to copyright claims
  • In the 2019 HBO TV miniseries Chernobyl, the truck is used by Gen. Col. Vladimir Pikalov, commander of the Soviet Chemical Troops, to carry out a radiation measuring at the damaged power plant, with high-range dosimeter placed at the front and lead sheets covering the cabin.
  • In the 2020 film Wonder Woman 1984. Appears in the Middle Eastern convoy scene.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "GAZ-66 Light Utility Truck | Military-Today.com". www.military-today.com. Retrieved 2019-04-24.
  2. ^ "Maybe the best Soviet truck, Legend of Soviet Union – GAZ-66 | English Russia". Retrieved 2019-04-24.
  3. ^ "Russian 4wd truck GAZ-66 for hunters and off-road travelers | Auto Classifieds |". Retrieved 2019-04-24.
  4. ^ content. "The Armenian military exercises – Unity 2014". mil.am. Retrieved 2021-07-20.
  5. ^ Force, SRA Karolina Gmyrek, U. S. Air (2003-07-05), English: Republic of Georgia Army Soldiers prepare to setup an antenna atop a GAZ-66 communication van, during the US European Command (USEUCOM) -sponsored Exercise COMBINED ENDEAVOR, held at Lager Aulenbach, Germany. The Exercise is a Partnership for Peace (PfP) exercised hosted by Germany, and is the largest information and communications systems exercise in the world which focuses primarily on Command, Control, Communications, and Computers (C4) interoperability testing and documentation., retrieved 2021-05-30
  6. ^ "A Ukraine Army GAZ-66 (4X4) 2,000kg Ambulance Van sits with US Marine Corps (USMC) High-Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicles, assigned to India/Company, 3rd Battalion, 23rd Marine Regiment, outside a fortified structure near the Iran/Iraq border crossing located at Badrah, Iraq, during Operation IRAQI FREEDOM, as Ukraine Military Forces prepare to take command of the local area". The U.S. National Archives. 2003-08-24. Retrieved 2021-05-31.
  7. ^ "GAZ-66 | Weaponsystems.net". weaponsystems.net. Retrieved 2019-04-24.
  8. ^ "Основные ТТХ серийного ГАЗ-66-11 (1985–1996)".
  9. ^ ЗМЗ-511: технические характеристики
  10. ^ Двигатели на ГАЗ 3307
  11. ^ Двигатели V8 ЗМЗ конструкция, характеристики, история разработки

External linksEdit