G. A. Natesan

Ganapathi Agraharam Annadhurai Ayyar Natesan (25 August 1873 – 29 April 1948) was an Indian writer, journalist, publisher, politician and freedom-fighter from the erstwhile Madras Presidency. He was the founder and proprietor of G. A. Natesan & Co. which published nationalist books, the most prominent among whom was The Indian Review.

Ganapathi Agraharam Annadhurai Ayyar Natesan
G. A. Natesan in 1915
Born(1873-08-25)25 August 1873
Died29 April 1948(1948-04-29) (aged 74)
Occupationwriter, journalist, politician, publisher

Early lifeEdit

Natesan was born in the village of Ganapathi Agraharam in Thanjavur district on 25 August 1873. He had his schooling in Kumbakonam[1] He graduated in arts from the Presidency College, Madras[2] and started a career as a publisher. He first apprenticed under Glyn Barlow before starting his own publishing company, G. A. Natesan & Co. in 1897.[2][3]

Indian independence movementEdit

Natesan was involved with the Indian independence movement right from his early days. In 1900, he started The Indian Review, a monthly publication in English.[4] While covering mostly nationalistic themes, The Indian Review also included literary reviews, illustrations and sections on economy and agriculture.[4] Natesan advertised on the front page that his publication was "devoted to the discussion of all topics of interest".[4]

When Mahatma Gandhi visited Madras for the first time since his arrival in India in 1915, he stayed at Natesan's house at Thambu Chetty Street, Georgetown.[5][6] His stay lasted from 17 April 1915 to 8 May 1915.[6]

Later lifeEdit

In his later life, Natesan underwent a change of ideology and joined the Indian Liberal Party.[7] He was elected Joint Secretary of the Liberal Party in 1922.[7] He was first nominated as a non-official member to the Council of State in 1923 and for a second time in 1931.[7][8] During his tenure as a member of the Council of State, Natesan served as member of the Indian Delegation to the Empire Parliamentary Association in Canada.[1] He also served as the member of the Indian Iron and Steel Tariff Board in 1933-34.[7][9] Natesan was appointed Sheriff of Madras in 1938.[7]


Natesan died on 29 April 1948 at the age of 74. He was extremely active until the time of his death.[1]


  1. ^ a b c Siba Pada Sen (1972). Dictionary of national biography. Institute of Historical Studies. pp. 245–246.
  2. ^ a b World biography. Institute for Research in Biography. 1948.
  3. ^ Diamond jublee: sixty years of publishing, 1897-1957. G. A. Natesan & Co. 1957. p. 39.
  4. ^ a b c Somerset Playne; J. W. Bond; Arnold Wright (1914). Southern India: its history, people, commerce, and industrial resources. pp. 733.
  5. ^ "The Mahatma: Gandhi and Kasturba". Gandhi Ahsram at Sabarmati. Archived from the original on 6 February 2009.
  6. ^ a b "When Gandhi visited Madras". The Hindu. 26 January 2003.
  7. ^ a b c d e Clarence Lewis Barnhart; William Darrach Halsey (1980). New Century Cyclopedia of Names. Simon & Schuster. p. 2892. ISBN 0136119476, ISBN 978-0-13-611947-0.
  8. ^ B. Natesan (1933). Souvenir of the sashtiabdha-poorthi of the Hon. Mr. G. A. Natesan. G. A. Natesan & Co. p. 55.
  9. ^ Great Britain. Commercial Relations and Exports Dept (1935). India: economic and commercial conditions in India. H.M. Stationery Off. p. 76.