Gǁana language

Gǁana (pronounced /ˈɡɑːnə/ in English, and also spelled ǁGana, Gxana, Dxana, Xgana) is a Khoe dialect cluster of Botswana. It is closely related to Naro, and includes the well-known dialect Gǀwi, which has the majority of speakers.

Native toBotswana
Native speakers
1,500 (2011)[1]
  • Kalahari (Tshu–Khwe)
    • West
      • Gǁana
Language codes
ISO 639-3Either:
gnk – Gǁana
gwj – Gǀwi

The double pipe at the beginning of the name "Gǁana" represents a click like the English interjection used when saying giddy-ap to a horse. For the clicks and other sounds found in Gǁana, see Gǀwi dialect.


  • Gǀwi
  • Domkhoe
  • Gǁaa(khwe)
  • Kǀhessákhoe


  1. ^ Brenzinger, Matthias (2011) "The twelve modern Khoisan languages." In Witzlack-Makarevich & Ernszt (eds.), Khoisan languages and linguistics: proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium, Riezlern / Kleinwalsertal (Research in Khoisan Studies 29). Cologne: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag.
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Ana [sic]". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.

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