Gülüstü Hanım

Gülüstü Hanım (Turkish pronunciation: [ɟylysˈty]; Ottoman Turkish: کلستو خانم‎; born Princess Fatma Chachba; died c. 1865) was the nineteenth wife of Sultan Abdulmejid I, and the mother of Sultan Mehmed VI, the last Sultan of the Ottoman Empire.

Gülüstü Hanım
Gülistu Kadınefendi (2).jpg
BornPrincess Fatma Chachba
Diedc. 1865
Eyüp Palace, Eyüp, Constantinople (now Istanbul), Ottoman Empire
Burial
Gülüstü Hanım Mausoleum, Fatih Mosque, Fatih, Istanbul
Spouse
(m. 1855; died 1861)
Issue
Names
Turkish: Gülüstü Hanım
Ottoman Turkish: کلستو خانم
HouseShervashidze (by birth)
Ottoman (by marriage)
FatherTahir Chachba
ReligionSunni Islam

LifeEdit

Born as Fatma Chachba,[1] Gülüstü Hanım was a member of the Abkhazian princely family, Shervashidze.[2] Her father was Prince Tahir Bey Chachba.[1][3] She was the granddaughter of Kelesh Ahmed-Bey Shervashidze, head of state of the Principality of Abkhazia.[4]

Gülüstü married Abdulmejid in 1855, and was given the title of "Fourth Ikbal". On 30 July 1856, she gave birth to her first child, a daughter, Mediha Sultan.[5][6] Five years later on 14 January 1861, she gave birth to her second child, a son, Şehzade Mehmed Vahideddin (future Mehmed VI).[7]

DeathEdit

After Abdulmejid's death in 1861, Gülüstü Hanım moved to a waterfront palace located at Eyüp, where she died in 1865, in an outbreak of cholera.[8] She was buried in her own mausoleum located in Fatih Mosque, Fatih, Constantinople, today in Istanbul.[9]

After her death, her daughter Mediha Sultan was entrusted in the care of Verdicenan Kadın,[5][10][6] and her son Mehmed was entrusted in the care of Şayeste Hanım.[8]

IssueEdit

Name Birth Death Notes
Mediha Sultan 31 July 1856[5][11][12] 7 November 1928[13][12] married twice, and had issue, a son
Mehmed VI 14 January 1861[11][14] 16 May 1926[14] married five times, and had issue, one son and three daughters

In literatureEdit

  • Gülüstü is a character in Hıfzı Topuz's historical novel Abdülmecit: İmparatorluk Çökerken Sarayda 22 Yıl: Roman (2009).[15]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Açba 2004, p. 107 n. 17.
  2. ^ Açba 2004, p. 106.
  3. ^ Aredba, Rumeysa; Açba, Edadil (2009). Sultan Vahdeddin'in San Remo günleri. Timaş Yayınları. p. 73. ISBN 978-9-752-63955-3.
  4. ^ Tuna, Mahinur (2007). İlk Türk kadın ressam: Mihri Rasim (Müşfik) Açba : 1886 İstanbul-1954 New-York. As Yayın. p. 28. ISBN 978-9-750-17250-2.
  5. ^ a b c Uluçay 2011, p. 229.
  6. ^ a b Kahya 2012, p. 4.
  7. ^ Tucker, Spencer (2005). World War I: Encyclopedia, Volume 1. ABC-CLIO. p. 779. ISBN 978-1-851-09420-2.
  8. ^ a b Bardakçı, Murat (2017). Neslishah: The Last Ottoman Princess. Oxford University Press. pp. 5, 6. ISBN 978-9-774-16837-6.
  9. ^ Sakaoğlu 2008, p. 602-3.
  10. ^ Sakaoğlu 2009, p. 630.
  11. ^ a b Paşa 1960, p. 146.
  12. ^ a b Brookes 2010, p. 284.
  13. ^ Uluçay 2011, p. 231.
  14. ^ a b Brookes 2010, p. 291.
  15. ^ Hıfzı Topuz (2009). Abdülmecit: İmparatorluk Çökerken Sarayda 22 Yıl: Roman. Remzi Kitabevi. p. 145. ISBN 978-975-14-1357-4.

SourcesEdit

  • Uluçay, M. Çağatay (2011). Padişahların kadınları ve kızları. Ötüken. ISBN 978-9-754-37840-5.
  • Açba, Leyla; Açba, Harun (2004). Bir Çerkes prensesinin harem hatıraları. L & M. ISBN 978-9-756-49131-7.
  • Sakaoğlu, Necdet (2008). Bu Mülkün Kadın Sultanları: Vâlide Sultanlar, Hâtunlar, Hasekiler, Kandınefendiler, Sultanefendiler. Oğlak Yayıncılık. ISBN 978-6-051-71079-2.
  • Kahya, Özge (2012). Sultan Abdülmecid'in kızı Mediha Sultan'ın hayatı (1856–1928).
  • Brookes, Douglas Scott (2010). The Concubine, the Princess, and the Teacher: Voices from the Ottoman Harem. University of Texas Press. ISBN 978-0-292-78335-5.
  • Paşa, Ahmed Cevdet (1960). Tezâkir. [2]. 13 - 20, Volume 2. Türk Tarih Kurumu Basımevi.