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Gärtner is the lava-flooded remnant of a crater in the northeast part of the Moon. It is located on the northern edge of the Mare Frigoris. The southern half of the formation is completely missing, and Gärtner forms a semi-circular basin along the edges of the lunar mare. To the north lies the crater Democritus.

Gärtner
Gärtner crater 4080 h1.jpg
Coordinates59°06′N 34°36′E / 59.1°N 34.6°E / 59.1; 34.6Coordinates: 59°06′N 34°36′E / 59.1°N 34.6°E / 59.1; 34.6
Diameter102 km
Depth1.3 km
Colongitude326° at sunrise
EponymChristian Gärtner
Oblique view from Lunar Orbiter 4
Another Oblique view from Lunar Orbiter 4

The surviving parts of the crater rim are heavily worn and eroded, with notches and indentations formed by past impacts. The floor has a few low rises in the northern half. A rille designated Rima Gärtner runs from the midpoint of the crater toward the northeast rim, for a total length of about 30 kilometers. The bowl-shaped craterlet Gärtner D is located near the midpoint between the two ends of the crater rim.

Satellite cratersEdit

By convention these features are identified on lunar maps by placing the letter on the side of the crater midpoint that is closest to Gärtner.

Gärtner Latitude Longitude Diameter
A 60.7° N 37.8° E 14 km
C 59.4° N 31.0° E 8 km
D 58.5° N 33.9° E 8 km
E 61.5° N 43.8° E 7 km
F 57.5° N 30.1° E 14 km
G 59.5° N 39.8° E 33 km
M 55.5° N 37.0° E 11 km

ReferencesEdit

  • Andersson, L. E.; Whitaker, E. A. (1982). NASA Catalogue of Lunar Nomenclature. NASA RP-1097.
  • Blue, Jennifer (July 25, 2007). "Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature". USGS. Retrieved 2007-08-05.
  • Bussey, B.; Spudis, P. (2004). The Clementine Atlas of the Moon. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-81528-4.
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  • McDowell, Jonathan (July 15, 2007). "Lunar Nomenclature". Jonathan's Space Report. Retrieved 2007-10-24.
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  • Price, Fred W. (1988). The Moon Observer's Handbook. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-33500-3.
  • Rükl, Antonín (1990). Atlas of the Moon. Kalmbach Books. ISBN 978-0-913135-17-4.
  • Webb, Rev. T. W. (1962). Celestial Objects for Common Telescopes (6th revised ed.). Dover. ISBN 978-0-486-20917-3.
  • Whitaker, Ewen A. (1999). Mapping and Naming the Moon. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-62248-6.
  • Wlasuk, Peter T. (2000). Observing the Moon. Springer. ISBN 978-1-85233-193-1.