Gáivuotna – Kåfjord – Kaivuono

  (Redirected from Gáivuotna)

Gáivuotna (Northern Sami), Kåfjord (Norwegian), or Kaivuono (Kven)[3] is a municipality in Troms og Finnmark county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Olderdalen. Other villages include Løkvollen, Manndalen, Birtavarre, Trollvik, Samuelsberg, Nordmannvik, and Djupvik.

Kåfjord kommune

Gáivuona suohkan
Kaivuonon komuuni
View of Olderdalen
View of Olderdalen
Coat of arms of Kåfjord kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Kåfjord kommune
Troms og Finnmark within
Norway
Kåfjord within Troms og Finnmark
Kåfjord within Troms og Finnmark
Coordinates: 69°36′14″N 20°31′57″E / 69.60389°N 20.53250°E / 69.60389; 20.53250Coordinates: 69°36′14″N 20°31′57″E / 69.60389°N 20.53250°E / 69.60389; 20.53250
CountryNorway
CountyTroms og Finnmark
DistrictNord-Troms
Established1929
Administrative centreOlderdalen
Government
 • Mayor (2019)Bernt Eirik Isaksen Lyngstad (Ap)
Area
 • Total991.24 km2 (382.72 sq mi)
 • Land950.39 km2 (366.95 sq mi)
 • Water40.85 km2 (15.77 sq mi)  4.1%
Area rank116 in Norway
Population
 (2020)
 • Total2,071
 • Rank277 in Norway
 • Density2.2/km2 (6/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
-6.2%
Demonym(s)Kåfjording[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-5426
Official language formBokmål and Sami[2]
Websitekafjord.kommune.no

The 991-square-kilometre (383 sq mi) municipality is the 116th largest by area out of the 356 municipalities in Norway. Kåfjord is the 277th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 2,071. The municipality's population density is 2.2 inhabitants per square kilometre (5.7/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 6.2% over the last decade.[4][5]

General informationEdit

The municipality of Kåfjord was established in 1929 when the large Lyngen Municipality was divided into three: Lyngen in the northwest, Kåfjord in the northeast, and Storfjord Municipality in the south. The initial population of Kåfjord was 2,482. Then on 1 January 1992, the Nordnes area along the Lyngen fjord in Lyngen Municipality (population: 38) was transferred to Kåfjord Municipality.[6]

On 1 January 2020, the municipality became part of the newly formed Troms og Finnmark county. Previously, it had been part of the old Troms county.[7]

NameEdit

Kåfjord is a Norwegianized form of the Sámi name Gáivuotna. The meaning of the first element is unknown and the last element is vuotna which means "fjord".

The name of the municipality was Kåfjord until 2 May 1994, when it was changed to Gáivuotna–Kåfjord.[6][8] It was the fifth municipality in Norway to get a Sami name. In 2005, the name was again changed such that either the Sami Gáivuotna or the Norwegian Kåfjord name can be used.[9]

In 2016 the name was changed again. This time the Kven language name was added to the list of official names. All three names are equal and parallel names for the municipality. The official names of the municipality are Gáivuotna – Kåfjord – Kaivuono, or more formally Gáivuona suohkan – Kåfjord kommune – Kaivuonon komuuni.[10]

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms is from 1988. It shows a silver or white spinning wheel on a red background. This was chosen to reflect the crafts and traditions of the local community.[11][12]

ChurchesEdit

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality. It is part of the Nord-Troms prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Nord-Hålogaland.

Churches in Gáivuotna-Kåfjord-Kaivouno
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Kåfjord Kåfjord Church Olderdalen 1949
Birtavarre Chapel Birtavarre 1937

HistoryEdit

In 1945, the villages of Kåfjord were burned to the ground during the retreat of German forces from Finland and Finnmark. This was as far west as the Wehrmacht used their scorched earth tactics.

GovernmentEdit

All municipalities in Norway, including Kåfjord, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[13] The municipality falls under the Nord-Troms District Court and the Hålogaland Court of Appeal.

Municipal councilEdit

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Kåfjord is made up of 17 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the council is as follows:

Gáivuotna Kåfjord Kaivuono Kommunestyre 2020–2023 [14]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)1
 Green Party (Miljøpartiet De Grønne)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)1
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
Total number of members:17
Gáivuotna Kåfjord Kaivuono Kommunestyre 2016–2019 [15]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)1
 Green Party (Miljøpartiet De Grønne)1
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Manndalen, Skardalen, and Nordnes local list
(Manndalen, Skardalen og Nordnes bygdeliste)
2
Total number of members:17
Gáivuotna Kåfjord Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [16]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Coastal Party (Kystpartiet)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Kåfjord local list (Kåfjord bygdeliste)1
Total number of members:17
Gáivuotna Kåfjord Kommunestyre 2008–2011 [15]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)10
 Progress Party (Fremskrittspartiet)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)1
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
Total number of members:17
Gáivuotna–Kåfjord Kommunestyre 2004–2007 [15]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)1
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)3
 Outer Kåfjord local list (Ytre Kåfjord bydeliste)2
 Inner Kåfjord local list (Indre Kåfjord bydeliste)2
Total number of members:17
Gáivuotna–Kåfjord Kommunestyre 2000–2003 [15]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Outer Kåfjord local list (Ytre Kåfjord bydeliste)5
 Inner Kåfjord local list (Indre Kåfjord bydeliste)2
Total number of members:17
Gáivuotna–Kåfjord Kommunestyre 1996–1999 [17]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Outer Kåfjord local list (Ytre Kåfjord bydeliste)5
 Inner Kåfjord local list (Indre Kåfjord bydeliste)3
Total number of members:21
Kåfjord Kommunestyre 1992–1995 [18]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)3
 Outer Kåfjord local list (Ytre Kåfjord bydeliste)5
 Inner Kåfjord local list (Indre Kåfjord bydeliste)2
 Manndalen local list (Manndalen bygdeliste)1
Total number of members:21
Kåfjord Kommunestyre 1988–1991 [19]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)7
 Conservative Party (Høyre)1
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)1
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Outer Kåfjord local list (Ytre Kåfjord bydeliste)6
 Inner Kåfjord local list (Indre Kåfjord bydeliste)1
 Manndalen-Skardalen local list
(Manndalen-Skardalen bygdeliste)
2
Total number of members:21
Kåfjord Kommunestyre 1984–1987 [20]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Conservative Party (Høyre)1
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Outer Kåfjord local list (Ytre Kåfjord bydeliste)4
 Inner Kåfjord local list (Indre Kåfjord bydeliste)1
 Manndalen and Skardalen local list
(Manndalen og Skardalen bygdeliste)
1
 Olderdalen local list (Olderdalen bygdeliste)1
Total number of members:25
Kåfjord Kommunestyre 1980–1983 [21]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Conservative Party (Høyre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)2
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Outer Kåfjord local list (Ytre Kåfjord bydeliste)5
Total number of members:25
Kåfjord Kommunestyre 1976–1979 [22]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)8
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)3
 Outer Kåfjord local list (Ytre Kåfjord bydeliste)3
 Kåfjorddalen and Steinnes local list
(Kåfjorddalen og Steinnes Bygdeliste)
4
 Manndalen and Skardalen local list
(Manndalen og Skardalen bygdeliste)
2
Total number of members:25
Kåfjord Kommunestyre 1972–1975 [23]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist People's Party (Sosialistisk Folkeparti)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)11
Total number of members:25
Kåfjord Kommunestyre 1968–1971 [24]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)10
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristelig Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)3
 Socialist People's Party (Sosialistisk Folkeparti)2
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
5
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)4
Total number of members:25
Kåfjord Kommunestyre 1964–1967 [25]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)9
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)1
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)15
Total number of members:25
Kåfjord Herredsstyre 1960–1963 [26]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)11
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)1
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
5
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)8
Total number of members:25
Kåfjord Herredsstyre 1956–1959 [27]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)12
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)4
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)9
Total number of members:25
Kåfjord Herredsstyre 1952–1955 [28]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)14
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)3
Total number of members:20
Kåfjord Herredsstyre 1948–1951 [29]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)10
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)1
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
1
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)3
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)5
Total number of members:20
Kåfjord Herredsstyre 1945–1947 [30]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)6
 Communist Party (Kommunistiske Parti)4
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)10
Total number of members:20
Kåfjord Herredsstyre 1938–1941* [31]  
Party Name (in Norwegian) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeiderpartiet)12
 List of workers, fishermen, and small farmholders
(Arbeidere, fiskere, småbrukere liste)
5
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgerlige Felleslister)3
Total number of members:20

MayorsEdit

The mayors of Kåfjord (incomplete list):

  • 2019–present: Bernt Eirik Isaksen Lyngstad (Ap)
  • 2015-2019: Svein O. Leiros (Sp)

GeographyEdit

 
Kåfjord valley (Kåfjorddalen).

The municipality is situated on the eastern side of the Lyngen fjord, and around its eastern arm, the Kåfjord. The municipal centre is Olderdalen. Other villages include Birtavarre, Kåfjorddalen, Djupvik, Nordmannvik, and Manndalen, where the international indigenous peoples' festival Riddu Riđđu is hosted each year.

On the border with Finland, is the mountain Ráisduattarháldi which has a height of 1,365 m (4,478 ft).

EconomyEdit

Fishing and small-scale farming have been the most important sources of income. Now many people work in education and other public services. The population has declined for many years, but the decline is now less rapid than earlier. A new optimism has arisen among young people, largely due to the increasing cultural activities.

PopulationEdit

The majority of the population is of Sami origin. Due to assimilation pressure from the Norwegian State, the language was largely lost in the 20th century. Efforts are being made to reintroduce the Northern Sami language which is largely concentrated in the municipality's largest village, Manndalen/Olmmáivággi.

Notable residentsEdit

Erik Johnsen (1844–1941), a Laestadian preacher. He received the King's Medal of Merit (Kongens Fortjenstmedalje) in 1938 for his work for the salvation of the soul.[32]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ "Stadnamn og rettskriving" (in Norwegian). Kartverket. Retrieved 2018-07-13.
  4. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian).
  5. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2020). "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian).
  6. ^ a b Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  7. ^ Mæhlum, Lars, ed. (2019-12-24). "Troms og Finnmark". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2019-12-26.
  8. ^ "Ot.prp. nr. 111 (2001-2002)" (in Norwegian). regjeringen.no. Retrieved 2008-12-02.
  9. ^ "Endring av skrivemåten for tospråklige kommunenavn" (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on March 28, 2014. Retrieved 2008-12-02.
  10. ^ "Stadnamn og rettskriving" (in Norwegian). Statens kartverk. Retrieved 2018-08-05.
  11. ^ Store norske leksikon. "Gáivuotna/Kåfjord" (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 2013-02-22. Retrieved 2012-12-20.
  12. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2017-09-07.
  13. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2018-08-05.
  14. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2019 - Troms og Finnmark". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2019-10-24.
  15. ^ a b c d "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  16. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Troms Romsa". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2019-10-24.
  17. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1995" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1996. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  18. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1991" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1993. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  19. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1987" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1988. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  20. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1983" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1984. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  21. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1979" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1979. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  22. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1975" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1977. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  23. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1972" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1973. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  24. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1967" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1967. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  25. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1963" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1964. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  26. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  27. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  28. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  29. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  30. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  31. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 2020-03-18.
  32. ^ "Biografi: Predikant Erik Johnsen, Manndalen". predikanterikjohnsenblog. Retrieved 2018-08-05.

External linksEdit

  The dictionary definition of gáivuotna – kåfjord – kaivuono at Wiktionary   Troms travel guide from Wikivoyage