Gáivuotna–Kåfjord(Redirected from Gáivuotna)
Gáivuotna (Northern Sami) or Kåfjord (Norwegian), (also Kven: Kaivuono) is a municipality in Troms county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Olderdalen. Other villages include Manndalen, Birtavarre, Trollvik, Samuelsberg, Nordmannvik and Djupvik.
View of Olderdalen
Kåfjord within Troms
|• Mayor (2015)||Svein O. Leiros (Sp)|
|• Total||991.18 km2 (382.70 sq mi)|
|• Land||950.33 km2 (366.92 sq mi)|
|• Water||40.85 km2 (15.77 sq mi)|
|Area rank||106 in Norway|
|• Rank||323 in Norway|
|• Density||2.2/km2 (6/sq mi)|
|• Change (10 years)||-4.0 %|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||NO-1940|
|Official language form||Bokmål and Sami|
The 991-square-kilometre (383 sq mi) municipality is the 106th largest by area out of the 426 municipalities in Norway. Kåfjord is the 323rd most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 2,132. The municipality's population density is 2.2 inhabitants per square kilometre (5.7/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 4% over the last decade.
The municipality of Kåfjord was established in 1929 when it was separated from the municipality of Lyngen. The initial population of Kåfjord was 2,482. Then on 1 January 1992, the Nordnes area of Lyngen (population: 38) was transferred to Kåfjord.
Kåfjord is a Norwegianized form of the Sámi name Gáivuotna. The meaning of the first element is unknown and the last element is vuotna which means "fjord".
The name of the municipality was Kåfjord until 2 May 1994, when it was changed to Gáivuotna–Kåfjord It was the fifth municipality in Norway to get a Sami name. In 2005, the name was again changed such that either the Sami Gáivuotna or the Norwegian Kåfjord name can be used.
|Parish (Sokn)||Church Name||Location of the Church||Year Built|
All municipalities in Norway, including Kåfjord, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.
|Party Name||Name in Norwegian||Number of
|Christian Democratic Party||Kristelig Folkeparti||2|
|Green Party||Miljøpartiet De Grønne||1|
|Local Lists||Lokale lister||2|
|Total number of members:||17|
The municipality is situated on the eastern side of the Lyngen fjord, and around its eastern arm, the Kåfjord. The municipal centre is Olderdalen. Other villages include Birtavarre, Kåfjorddalen, Djupvik, Nordmannvik, and Manndalen, where the international indigenous peoples' festival Riddu Riđđu is hosted each year.
On the border with Finland, is the mountain Ráisduattarháldi which has a height of 1,365 m (4,478 ft).
Fishing and small-scale farming have been the most important sources of income. Now many people work in education and other public services. The population has declined for many years, but the decline is now less rapid than earlier. A new optimism has arisen among young people, largely due to the increasing cultural activities.
The majority of the population is of Sami origin. Due to assimilation pressure from the Norwegian State, the language was largely lost in the 20th century. Now efforts are being made to reintroduce Sami, largely concentrated in the municipality's largest village, Manndalen/Olmmáivággi.
- "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01.
- Statistisk sentralbyrå (2017). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-09-09.
- Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
- "Ot.prp. nr. 111 (2001-2002)" (in Norwegian). regjeringen.no. Retrieved 2008-12-02.
- "Endring av skrivemåten for tospråklige kommunenavn" (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on March 28, 2014. Retrieved 2008-12-02.
- Store norske leksikon. "Gáivuotna/Kåfjord" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2012-12-20.[permanent dead link]
- "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2017-09-07.
- "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2015.
- Read more about Erik Johnsen