Futtsu (富津市, Futtsu-shi) is a city located in Chiba Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 November 2020[update], the city had an estimated population of 42,476 in 18,115 households and a population density of 210 persons per km². The total area of the city is 205.53 square kilometres (79.36 sq mi).
|Coordinates: 35°18′14.7″N 139°51′25.3″E / 35.304083°N 139.857028°ECoordinates: 35°18′14.7″N 139°51′25.3″E / 35.304083°N 139.857028°E|
|• Mayor||Seiji Sakuma (since October 2004)|
|• Total||205.53 km2 (79.36 sq mi)|
(November 1, 2020)
|• Density||210/km2 (540/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|Address||2443 Ino, Futtsu-shi, Chiba-ken 293-8506|
Futtsu is located in the southern part of Chiba prefecture, about 40 kilometers from the prefectural capital at Chiba and 40 to 50 kilometers from the center of Tokyo. It is on the southwest coast of Bōsō Peninsula, facing the Uraga Channel at the southern end of Tokyo Bay. Cape Futtsu protrudes into Tokyo Bay, and the coastal areas are part of the Minami Bōsō Quasi-National Park. Although considered to be within the Kantō Plain, inland areas of the city are hilly.
Futtsu has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Futtsu is 15.7 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1695 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.5 °C, and lowest in January, at around 6.0 °C.
Per Japanese census data, the population of Futtsu has declined in recent decades.
The area of modern Futtsu has been inhabited since the Japanese Paleolithic period, and numerous remains from the Jōmon, Yayoi and Kofun period have been found within the city limits. The area also is prominent in the Yamatotakeru mythology. Under the Ritsuryō system of the Nara period, the area became part of Amaha County and Sue County of Kazusa Province. Large scale shōen in the Heian period gave way to feudal samurai estates in the Kamakura period, with large portions controlled by the temple of Shomyo-ji in Mutsuura. The area was contested between the Takeda clan and Satomi clan during the Sengoku period. During the Edo period under the Tokugawa shogunate, most of the area was under the control of Sanuki Domain. After the Meiji Restoration, the area came under Kimitsu District
Futtsu village was established with the creation of the modern municipalities system on April 1, 1889. It was elevated to town status on December 1, 1897. Futtsu expanded through merger with neighboring Aoyagi Town on March 31, 1955, and again through merger with Amaha Town and Osawa Town on April 25, 1971. Futtsu attained city status on September 1, 1971.
According to Victory at Sea (H. Saloman and R. Hanser, Doubleday, 1959), Futtsu was on August 30, 1945 the site of the initial Allied landing on the Japanese mainland following the declared surrender. This was a test whether the Japanese would obey the Emperor's surrender order. There was no resistance.
Futtsu has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 16 members. Futtsu contributes one member to the Chiba Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Chiba 12th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.
Futtsu has a mixed economy based on commercial fishing, agriculture, tourism, and electrical power generation.The Futtsu Power Station is one of the largest thermal power plants in the world; it is fed with liquefied natural gas brought it by LNG carrier ocean ships. The southern portion of the city is within the Keiyo Industrial Zone, with metal products, general machinery and equipment manufacturing factories.
Futtsu has eight public elementary schools and three public middle schools operated by the city government, and two public high schools operated by the Chiba Prefectural Board of Education.
- Aohori - Ōnuki - Sanukimachi - Kazusa-Minato - Takeoka - Hamakanaya
- Tateyama Expressway
- National Route 16(connecting Tokyo and Chiba)
- National Route 127
- National Route 465
Sister city relationsEdit
- – Carlsbad, California, United States, from October 25, 1988
- Mount Nokogiri
- Chiba Prefectural Futtsu Park
- Tokyo Bay Kannon
- Mother Farm
Notable people from FuttsuEdit
- Yasukazu Hamada, politician
- Kei Yasuda, musician, actress
- Yukana, voice actress
- Masaaki Hirano, food historian
- ^ "Futtsu city official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
- ^ Futtsu climate data
- ^ Futtsu population statistics
- Official Website (in Japanese)