Fundal massage, also called uterine massage, is a technique used to reduce bleeding and cramping of the uterus after childbirth or after an abortion. As the uterus returns to its nonpregnant size, its muscles contract strongly, which can cause pain. Fundal massage can be performed with one hand over the pubic bone, firmly massaging the uterine fundus (the top of the uterus), or with the addition of one hand in the vagina compressing the two uterine arteries. Routine use of fundal massage can prevent postpartum or post-abortion hemorrhage and can reduce pain; it may also reduce the need for uterotonics, medications that cause the uterus to contract. It is used to treat uterine atony, a condition where the uterus lacks muscle tone and is soft to the touch instead of firm.[1]

Fundal massage
Other namesUterine massage

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Hofmeyr, G. Justus; Abdel-Aleem, Hany; Abdel-Aleem, Mahmoud A. (2013). "Uterine massage for preventing postpartum haemorrhage". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 7 (7): CD006431. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD006431.pub3. ISSN 1469-493X. PMC 8924870. PMID 23818022.
    Hofmeyr, G. Justus; Mshweshwe, Nolundi T.; Gülmezoglu, A. Metin (2015). "Controlled cord traction for the third stage of labour". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 1 (5): CD008020. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD008020.pub2. ISSN 1469-493X. PMC 6464177. PMID 25631379.
    Beckmann, Charles R. B. (2010). Obstetrics and Gynecology. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. ISBN 978-0-7817-8807-6.
    WHO Guidelines for the Management of Postpartum Haemorrhage and Retained Placenta. World Health Organization. 2009-01-01. ISBN 978-92-4-159851-4.
    Lippincott's Nursing Procedures. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 2009. ISBN 978-0-7817-8689-8.