Open main menu

The Fund for the Republic (1951–1959) was an autonomous organization by the Ford Foundation[1][2] and dedicated to protecting freedom of speech and other civil liberties in the United States.[3] In 1959, the Fund moved from New York City to Santa Barbara, California, and changed its name to the Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions (CSDI).[citation needed]

Fund for the Republic
Formation1951
HeadquartersNew York City, United States
President
Robert M. Hutchins
Key people
Revenue
Ford Foundation (funder)

Contents

BackgroundEdit

With the growth of McCarthyism and the Second Red Scare, the subject of communism in America began to loom large in the public consciousness.[1]

HistoryEdit

In 1951, Robert M. Hutchins became the president of the Fund for the Republic, a non-profit organization whose basic objectives were to research and analyze civil liberties and civil rights. In 1954, Wilbur Hugh Ferry became Fund vice president, responsible for administration and public relations, and moved with the Fund to Santa Barbara 1959.[citation needed]

In August 1953, Clifford P. Case resigned from the House to become president of the Ford Foundation's Fund for the Republic.[3] He served in that position until March 1954.[4]

Walter Millis, former editorial and staff writer for the New York Herald Tribune (1924–1954), became a staff member of the Fund for the Republic (1954–1968).[citation needed]

Bethuel M. Webster served as legal counsel to the Fund and represented the Fund in hearings before the notorious Un-American Activities Committee of the House of Representatives (HUAC). During this period he also defended William Remington, an economist and alleged Communist accused of espionage.[citation needed]

Political scientist Clinton Rossiter of Cornell University directed the Fund for the Republic, which aimed to publish a full-scale history of American communism. It engaged David A. Shannon of the University of Wisconsin to write the history of the Communist Party USA during the post-war period. In 1952, it engaged Theodore Draper to write a monograph on the party's early years. Draper had already been thinking of writing a "traditional" history of the Party, based upon documentary sources and meeting scholarly standards.[1] In 1954, Millis became the director of the Fund's study of demilitarization.[citation needed] Robert W. Iversen wrote a book for the fund called Communism and the Schools, published in 1959.[5][6]

Other fellows and grant recipients include Rev. Glenn E. Smiley et al. for Martin Luther King and the Montgomery Story (1957),[7] David Fellman (1957–1958),[8] and Norman St John-Stevas (1958).[9][10]

TrusteesEdit

AwardsEdit

In 1956, the Fund may have[clarification needed] set up the Robert E. Sherwood Award, given to Jerome Coopersmith for writing the episode[clarification needed] "I Was Accused" (based on the true story of actor George Voskovec, interned at Ellis Island during days of McCarthyism.[11][12][13]

PublicationsEdit

  • Report on Blacklisting: Radio-Television by John Cogley (1956)[14]
  • The Roots of American Communism by Theodore Draper (1957)[15]
  • Economic Power and the Free Society by Adolf A. Berle (1957)
  • American Civil Liberties in the Foreign Press: A Study Conducted Under the Auspices of the Association for Education in Journalism, with Financial Support from the Fund for the Republic by Douglas Waples (1957)
  • Communism and the Schools by Robert W. Iversen (1959)[5]
  • The Art of Government: Reform and Organization Politics in Philadelphia by James Reichly (1959)[16]
  • A New Philosophy for Labor by Gus Tyler (1959)
  • Taste and the Censor in Television by Charles Winick (1959)
  • The Corporation and the Economy by Wilbur Hugh Ferry (1959)
  • American Communism and Soviet Russia by Theodore Draper (1960)[1]
  • Medicine: An Interview by Donald McDonald with Herbert Ratner, M.D. (1962)[17]
  • The Economy Under Law by Wilbur Hugh Ferry (1961)
  • Caught in the Horn of Plenty by Wilbur Hugh Ferry (1962)
  • What Price Peace by Wilbur Hugh Ferry (1963)
  • Masscom as Educator by Wilbur Hugh Ferry (1966)
  • Farewell to Integration by Wilbur Hugh Ferry (1967)
  • Tonic and Toxic Technology by Wilbur Hugh Ferry (1967)
  • The Police State is Here by Wilbur Hugh Ferry (1969)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Draper, Theodore (5 July 2017). American Communism and Soviet Russia. Routledge. pp. xv–xvi. Retrieved 8 September 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Humanist Manifesto II". American Humanist Association. Archived from the original on October 20, 2012. Retrieved October 10, 2012.
  3. ^ a b Siracusa, Joseph M. (2004). The Kennedy Years. New York: Facts On File, Inc.
  4. ^ "CASE, Clifford Philip, (1904 - 1982)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  5. ^ a b Iversen, Robert W. (1959). The Communists & the Schools. Harcourt, Brace. p. 423. Retrieved 8 September 2018.
  6. ^ Hechinger, Fred M. (25 October 1959). "Subversion that Failed" (PDF). New York Times. Retrieved 8 September 2018.
  7. ^ Aydin, Andrew. "The comic book that changed the world: Martin Luther King and the Montgomery Story's vital role in the Civil Rights Movement," Creative Loafing (Aug. 1, 2013).
  8. ^ 1966, February 2, “Mid-Year Grads Receive Degrees,” The Daily Nebraskan, Lincoln, Nebraska, Volume 81, No. 56, p. 7
  9. ^ "Obituary: Lord St John of Fawsley". The Daily Telegraph. 5 March 2012. Archived from the original on 27 August 2012.
  10. ^ http://www.freebmd.org.uk
  11. ^ "Cold War Museum". www.coldwar.org. Retrieved 2016-01-31.
  12. ^ "Brooklyn College Television and Radio". www.bctvr.org. Retrieved 2016-01-31.
  13. ^ "The Fund for the Republic is pleased to announce the Winners of the 1956 ROBERT E. SHERWOOD AWARDS". The Billboard. June 30, 1956. p. 5.
  14. ^ Cogley, John (1956). Report on Blacklisting: Radio-Television. Fund for the Republic. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
  15. ^ Draper, Theodore (1957). The Roots of American Communism. Viking. Retrieved 8 September 2018.
  16. ^ Reichly, James (1959). The Art of Government: Reform and Organization Politics in Philadelphia. New York, New York: Fund for The Republic. OCLC 994205.
  17. ^ Medicine: An Interview by Donald McDonald with Herbert Ratner, M.D. One of a Series of Interviews on the American Character. Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions. Comment by Scott Buchanan. Santa Barbara, California: Fund for the Republic, May, 1962.

External sourcesEdit