Functional zoning

Functional zoning or functional city zoning is a method used for dividing land use by its function.[1] Typically, land use is divided in two ways, by its function and by its physical characteristics.[2] An example of functional zoning would be an area that has designated zones based on a function such as an industrial zone, a recreational zone and a residential zone.[1] An example of an area zoned by its physical characteristics is defined in terms of characteristics like development density, minimum lot size, and building coverage, placement and height.[1]

Functional zoning tends to create or increase car dependency, while mixed-use zoning tends to enable walking, making it more sustainable.[3] It has been criticized for causing the squandering of land, energy, and time.[4]


  1. ^ a b c Dubrova, Stanislav; Podlipskiy, Ivan; Kurilenko, Vitaliy; Siabato, Willington. "Functional city zoning. Environmental assessment of eco-geological substance migration flows (PDF Download Available)". ResearchGate. Retrieved 2017-05-21.
  2. ^ Tyler, Norman (2011). Planning and Community Development. New York, NY: W.W. Norton & Company Inc. p. 188. ISBN 978-0-393-73292-4.
  3. ^ Carmona, Mathew (2010). Public places urban spaces: the dimensions of urban design (2nd ed.). London: Routledge. p. 222. ISBN 9781856178273.
  4. ^ Krier, Léon (2009). The architecture of community. Washington: Island Press. p. 105. ISBN 9781597265782.