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Fumio Kyūma (久間 章生, Kyūma Fumio, born 4 December 1940) is a Japanese politician who has served in the Diet of Japan since 1980.[2] Kyuma graduated from the University of Tokyo in 1964 and worked for the Ministry of Agriculture.[3] He was elected to the Nagasaki Prefectural Assembly in 1971 serving three terms before being elected to the Diet as a member of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) for Nagasaki Number 2.

Fumio Kyūma
久間 章生
Fumio Kyuma in Pentagon.jpg
Minister of Defense
In office
9 January 2007 – 3 July 2007
Prime MinisterShinzō Abe
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byYuriko Koike
Minister of State, Head of the Japan Defense Agency
In office
26 September 2006 – 8 January 2007
Prime MinisterShinzō Abe
Preceded byFukushiro Nukaga
Succeeded byPosition abolished
In office
7 November 1996 – 30 July 1998
Prime MinisterRyutaro Hashimoto
Preceded byHideo Usui
Succeeded byFukushiro Nukaga
Personal details
Born (1940-12-04) 4 December 1940 (age 78)
Minamishimabara, Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan
Political partyLiberal Democratic Party
Alma materUniversity of Tokyo

Kyūma is affiliated to the openly revisionist lobby Nippon Kaigi.[4]

Contents

Defense MinisterEdit

Kyūma served as the Director General of the Japan Defense Agency from 1996 to 1998 under then Prime Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto. He served in a variety of LDP posts in Jun'ichirō Koizumi's cabinet.[5] He again became responsible for Director General of the Japan Defense Agency in September 2006.[6] He would be the last head of the JDA before the Ministry of Defense was created for which he was the first holder of the title.

Controversial remarksEdit

In September 2006, shortly after he was appointed Defense Minister, Kyūma stated that the Chinese military was a concern, contradicting earlier comments that he had made referring to China's military as a threat.[7]

In December 2006, Kyūma claimed that although former Prime Minister Jun'ichirō Koizumi supported the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq, the invasion did not have the official support of the Japanese government. He later had to withdraw his remarks, admitting that the Japanese "Cabinet officially adopted a unified view supporting the U.S.-led war."[8] On 24 January 2007 he said that the U.S. decision to invade Iraq was a mistake.[9]

In January 2007 he criticized the United States over not getting the approval of Okinawa's governor during efforts to relocate the Marine Corps Air Station Futenma. The base and its relocation has been a source of friction between the residents of Okinawa and the U.S. government.[10]

ResignationEdit

Kyūma resigned as Defense Minister on 3 July 2007 for remarks made at Reitaku University in Kashiwa, Chiba Prefecture on 30 June. In this speech, he stated "I now have come to accept in my mind that in order to end the war, it could not be helped that an atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki and that countless numbers of people suffered great tragedy." He appeared on a Fuji TV morning news show on 1 July, saying he did not think an apology would be necessary, but he apologized later the same day. When this would not calm the critics, Kyūma finally submitted his resignation on 3 July.[11] Asked about the reason for his resignation, Kyūma is quoted as saying that he did not want his comments to become a "minus" for the Prime Minister.[12] Yuriko Koike was appointed his successor the same day.[13]

HonoursEdit

From the Japanese Wikipedia

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "6閣僚に「9条守れ」/天理教平和の会、信者に要請". JCP. 9 April 2007. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
  2. ^ Kantei "Fumio Kyuma"
  3. ^ The Japan Times "Cabinet Profile"
  4. ^ Nippon Kaigi website
  5. ^ Japan Times "Cabinet Profile"
  6. ^ Kantei "Fumio Kyumi"
  7. ^ "Japan defence chief: China not threat"
  8. ^ "Kyuma admits Tokyo backed Iraq attack"
  9. ^ "Kyuma: U.S. invasion of Iraq a mistake", japantimes.co.jp; accessed 18 June 2015.
  10. ^ "Japan moves to defuse diplomatic spat with US", guardian.co.uk; accessed 18 June 2015.
  11. ^ Japan News Review "Kyūma steps down over A-bomb gaffe" 3 July 2007
  12. ^ "Kyuma's excuse: 'It can't be helped' is often said in Kyushu dialect", japannewsreview.com, 3 July 2007.
  13. ^ "Yuriko Koike appointed new Defence Minister", japannewsreview.com; accessed 18 June 2015.

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
Hideo Usui
Minister of State, Head of the Japan Defense Agency
1996–1998
Succeeded by
Fukushirō Nukaga
Preceded by
Fukushirō Nukaga
Minister of State, Head of the Japan Defense Agency
2006–2007
Succeeded by
Himself
as Minister of Defense
Preceded by
Himself
as Minister of State, Head of the Japan Defense Agency
Minister of Defense
2007
Succeeded by
Yuriko Koike
House of Representatives of Japan
New district Representative for Nagasaki 2nd district
1996–2009
Succeeded by
Eriko Fukuda
Preceded by
Tadashi Kuranari
Shigemitsu Nakamura
Takeo Nishioka
Yoshinori Taniguchi
Masayoshi Kobuchi
Representative for Nagasaki 1st district (multi-member)
1980–1996
Served alongside: Takeo Nishioka, Tadashi Kuranari, Yoshiaki Takaki, ...
District eliminated
Preceded by
Yoshiyuki Kamei
Chair, Transportation Committee of the House of Representatives of Japan
1991–1993
Succeeded by
Hajime Morita
Preceded by
Kōji Omi
Chair, Financial Affairs Committee of the House of Representatives of Japan
1995–1996
Succeeded by
Fukushiro Nukaga
Party political offices
Preceded by
Mitsuo Horiuchi
Chairman of the LDP General Affairs Committee
2004–2006
Succeeded by
Yūya Niwa