Fulton County, Arkansas

Fulton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 12,245.[1] The county seat is Salem.[2] Fulton County was formed on December 21, 1842, and named for William Fulton,[3] the last governor of the Arkansas Territory. It is an alcohol prohibition or dry county.

Fulton County
Fulton County Courthouse in Salem
Fulton County Courthouse in Salem
Map of Arkansas highlighting Fulton County
Location within the U.S. state of Arkansas
Map of the United States highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 36°23′19″N 91°48′52″W / 36.388611111111°N 91.814444444444°W / 36.388611111111; -91.814444444444
Country United States
State Arkansas
FoundedDecember 21, 1842
Named forWilliam Fulton
SeatSalem
Largest citySalem
Area
 • Total620 sq mi (1,600 km2)
 • Land618 sq mi (1,600 km2)
 • Water2.1 sq mi (5 km2)  0.3%%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total12,245
 • Estimate 
(2019)
12,477
 • Density20/sq mi (7.6/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district1st
Websitefulton.ark.org

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 620 square miles (1,600 km2), of which 618 square miles (1,600 km2) is land and 2.1 square miles (5.4 km2) (0.3%) is water.[4]

Major highwaysEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
18501,819
18604,024121.2%
18704,84320.4%
18806,72038.8%
189010,98463.5%
190012,91717.6%
191012,193−5.6%
192011,182−8.3%
193010,834−3.1%
194010,253−5.4%
19509,187−10.4%
19606,657−27.5%
19707,69915.7%
19809,97529.6%
199010,0370.6%
200011,64216.0%
201012,2455.2%
2019 (est.)12,477[5]1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790–1960[7] 1900–1990[8]
1990–2000[9] 2010–2016[1] 2018[10]
 
Age pyramid Fulton County[11]

2020 censusEdit

Fulton County racial composition[12]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 11,201 92.76%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 27 0.22%
Native American 66 0.55%
Asian 35 0.29%
Other/Mixed 592 4.9%
Hispanic or Latino 154 1.28%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 12,075 people, 4,973 households, and 3,278 families residing in the county.

2000 censusEdit

As of the 2000 census,[13] there were 11,642 people, 4,810 households, and 3,511 families residing in the county. The population density was 19 people per square mile (7/km2). There were 5,973 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.67% White, 0.20% Black or African American, 0.67% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.06% from other races, and 1.19% from two or more races. 0.53% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,810 households, out of which 27.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.40% were married couples living together, 7.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.00% were non-families. 24.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.83.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 22.80% under the age of 18, 6.40% from 18 to 24, 23.70% from 25 to 44, 27.00% from 45 to 64, and 20.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 96.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $25,529, and the median income for a family was $29,952. Males had a median income of $22,213 versus $18,066 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,712. About 12.70% of families and 16.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.10% of those under age 18 and 12.70% of those age 65 or over.


GovernmentEdit

Over the past few election cycles Fulton county has trended heavily towards the GOP. The last Democrat (as of 2020) to carry the county was Bill Clinton, in 1996.

United States presidential election results for Fulton County, Arkansas[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 3,961 77.38% 1,035 20.22% 123 2.40%
2016 3,471 72.74% 1,067 22.36% 234 4.90%
2012 2,949 65.21% 1,452 32.11% 121 2.68%
2008 2,702 57.78% 1,819 38.90% 155 3.31%
2004 2,522 50.90% 2,370 47.83% 63 1.27%
2000 2,036 49.56% 1,976 48.10% 96 2.34%
1996 1,351 31.99% 2,361 55.91% 511 12.10%
1992 1,258 26.56% 2,827 59.69% 651 13.75%
1988 1,918 48.47% 2,018 51.00% 21 0.53%
1984 2,329 55.15% 1,864 44.14% 30 0.71%
1980 2,101 49.35% 2,037 47.85% 119 2.80%
1976 1,038 27.94% 2,670 71.87% 7 0.19%
1972 2,030 67.89% 960 32.11% 0 0.00%
1968 1,198 36.34% 1,019 30.91% 1,080 32.76%
1964 846 33.09% 1,704 66.64% 7 0.27%
1960 1,127 60.95% 703 38.02% 19 1.03%
1956 799 45.12% 958 54.09% 14 0.79%
1952 890 45.92% 1,048 54.08% 0 0.00%
1948 339 27.63% 850 69.27% 38 3.10%
1944 525 44.23% 660 55.60% 2 0.17%
1940 333 28.15% 838 70.84% 12 1.01%
1936 437 31.53% 946 68.25% 3 0.22%
1932 237 16.09% 1,235 83.84% 1 0.07%
1928 686 42.29% 934 57.58% 2 0.12%
1924 292 29.00% 678 67.33% 37 3.67%
1920 502 39.13% 763 59.47% 18 1.40%
1916 392 26.34% 1,096 73.66% 0 0.00%
1912 453 34.24% 590 44.60% 280 21.16%
1908 366 30.96% 741 62.69% 75 6.35%
1904 359 40.11% 481 53.74% 55 6.15%
1900 397 28.54% 984 70.74% 10 0.72%
1896 333 20.88% 1,259 78.93% 3 0.19%


EducationEdit

Fulton County is the home to several public school districts:

CommunitiesEdit

CitiesEdit

TownEdit

Unincorporated communitiesEdit

TownshipsEdit

 
Townships in Fulton County, Arkansas, as of 2010

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Fulton County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated places that are fully or partially inside the township. [15][16]

Township FIPS code ANSI code
(GNIS ID)
Population
center(s)
Pop.
(2010)
Pop.
density
(/mi2)
Pop.
density
(/km2)
Total area
(mi2)
Total area
(km2)
Land area
(mi2)
Land area
(km2)
Water area
(mi2)
Water area
(km2)
Geographic coordinates
Afton 05-90006 00066571 part of Hardy 650 17.45 6.74 37.587 97.35 37.252 96.48 0.335 0.8676 36°22′46″N 91°30′15″W / 36.379508°N 91.504051°W / 36.379508; -91.504051
Benton 05-90243 00066573 Salem 2,564 43.10 16.64 59.552 154.2 59.493 154.1 0.059 0.1528 36°22′21″N 91°50′55″W / 36.372416°N 91.848591°W / 36.372416; -91.848591
Big Creek 05-90258 00066574 428 12.82 4.95 34.167 88.49 33.398 86.50 0.769 1.992 36°20′00″N 92°06′42″W / 36.333345°N 92.111645°W / 36.333345; -92.111645
Cleveland 05-90855 00066575 514 9.44 3.65 54.677 141.6 54.450 141.0 0.227 0.5879 36°18′05″N 92°00′53″W / 36.301335°N 92.014618°W / 36.301335; -92.014618
Fulton 05-91392 00066576 Viola 1,049 22.82 8.81 46.115 119.4 45.968 119.1 0.147 0.3807 36°23′20″N 91°59′45″W / 36.388875°N 91.995757°W / 36.388875; -91.995757
Mammoth Spring 05-92361 00066577 Mammoth Spring 2,035 40.35 15.58 50.584 131.0 50.430 130.6 0.154 0.3989 36°27′43″N 91°32′20″W / 36.461887°N 91.538778°W / 36.461887; -91.538778
Mount Calm 05-92619 00066578 207 7.78 3.0 26.627 68.96 26.611 68.92 0.016 0.04144 36°28′33″N 91°59′16″W / 36.475816°N 91.987814°W / 36.475816; -91.987814
Myatt 05-92658 00066579 191 5.34 2.06 35.792 92.70 35.766 92.63 0.026 0.06734 36°22′40″N 91°37′35″W / 36.377891°N 91.626355°W / 36.377891; -91.626355
Pleasant Ridge 05-92922 00066580 half of Cherokee Village, small part of Ash Flat 1,926 35.42 13.68 54.721 141.7 54.381 140.8 0.340 0.8806 36°17′00″N 91°38′33″W / 36.283387°N 91.642620°W / 36.283387; -91.642620
South Fork 05-93429 00066581 485 11.33 4.37 42.819 110.9 42.805 110.9 0.014 0.03626 36°23′52″N 91°43′33″W / 36.397657°N 91.725885°W / 36.397657; -91.725885
Strawberry 05-93498 00066582 small part of Horseshoe Bend 742 24.28 9.38 30.591 79.23 30.558 79.14 0.033 0.08547 36°18′09″N 91°47′05″W / 36.302524°N 91.784817°W / 36.302524; -91.784817
Union 05-93681 00066583 303 13.08 5.05 23.158 59.98 23.158 59.98 0 0.000 36°17′26″N 91°52′55″W / 36.290424°N 91.882059°W / 36.290424; -91.882059
Vidette 05-93798 00066584 467 9.70 3.74 48.143 124.7 48.143 124.7 0 0.000 36°26′44″N 92°06′01″W / 36.445552°N 92.100286°W / 36.445552; -92.100286
Washington 05-93909 00066585 406 10.05 3.88 40.408 104.7 40.394 104.6 0.014 0.03626 36°27′50″N 91°51′57″W / 36.463799°N 91.865792°W / 36.463799; -91.865792
Wilson 05-94086 00066587 278 7.86 3.03 35.387 91.65 35.387 91.65 0 0.000 36°28′16″N 91°41′58″W / 36.471176°N 91.699477°W / 36.471176; -91.699477
Source: "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: County Subdivisions in Arkansas". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. Archived from the original on May 28, 2014.

Source: "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 17, 2016. Retrieved May 20, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 133.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved September 28, 2019.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
  10. ^ "Fulton County, Arkansas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 9, 2019.
  11. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  12. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 31, 2021.
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  14. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved November 18, 2016.
  15. ^ 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Fulton County, AR (PDF) (Map). U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 19, 2012. Retrieved August 5, 2011.
  16. ^ "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 28, 2014.

Coordinates: 36°23′19″N 91°48′52″W / 36.38861°N 91.81444°W / 36.38861; -91.81444