Fuguijiao Lighthouse overlooking the point
|Location||Laomei Village, Shimen District, New Taipei City, Republic of China|
Dapian Point (2015)
|Literal meaning||transcription of Dutch hoek, meaning "cape"|
|Cape Fugui Park|
The rocky beach at Fugui Park (2013)
Fùguì is the pinyin romanization of the Mandarin pronunciation of its Chinese name 富貴角. These characters literally mean "Rich-&-Noble Cape" but actually transcribe the local Hokkien pronunciation Hù-kùi, used as a transliteration of the Dutch hoek ("hook; cape").
In the 19th century, it was known as Foki during the period of Qing rule. Under Japanese rule, it was known as Fūki Kaku from the Japanese pronunciation of the same characters. During Taiwan's brief official use of Tongyong Pinyin, it was known as Fuguei.
The cape—still under its Japanese name "Fuki Kaku"—forms part of the IHO's current definitions of the East and South China Seas. The still unapproved draft of the 4th edition of the Limits of Oceans and Seas amends the name to its pinyin form Fugui but moves the boundary of the South China Sea from Fugui to Taiwan's southern cape Eluan.
The Japanese administration erected a building on the cape in 1896 as the endpoint of an undersea cable. It was destroyed during the Second World War. The present lighthouse was erected by the Republic of China government in 1949 to help guide shipping and received its present black-and-white octagonal tower in 1962. It was opened to the public in 2015, but entry is only permitted on the weekends as it remains an active radar station of the Republic of China Air Force.
Cape Fugui or Fuguijiao Park surrounds the headland. It includes a rocky beach with ventifacts (wind-shaped rocks) and lush tropical vegetation. There is a walking trail around the cape from Fuji Harbor (t 富基漁港, s 富基渔港, Fùjī Yúgǎng) to Laomei Village and the brick Laomei Maze. Old barracks from the Republic of China armed forces have been converted into an arts center. In September and October, the park forms part of Shimen District's kite festival.
The sunset over the Taiwan Strait at Fugui (2015)
- NTC (2019), "Fugui Cape".
- Public sign, noted by Caltonhill (2012).
- EB (1879), p. 415.
- Caltonhill (2012).
- NTC (2019), "Fugui Cape Lighthouse".
- IHO (1953), §50.
- IHO (1986), Ch. 7.3.
- IHO (1953), §49.
- IHO (1986), Ch. 7.2.
- IHO (1986), Ch. 6.1.
- "Taiwan's Century-Old Fugueijiao Lighthouse Opened to the Public", Want China Times, 29 September 2015.
- NTC (2019), "Fuguijiao Park".
- NTC (2019), "Laomei Maze".
- NTC (2019), "Awesome Positive Energy! A Guide to New Taipei City's 12 Attractions to Improve Your Luck".
- NTC (2019), "Due to recent heavy rain...".
- Encyclopaedia Britannica, 9th ed., Vol. IX, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1879, pp. 415–17. ,
- S-23: Limits of Oceans and Seas (PDF) (3rd ed.), Monaco: International Hydrographic Organization, 1953.
- S-23: Limits of Oceans and Seas (4th (draft) ed.), Monaco: International Hydrographic Organization, 1986.
- Official site, New Taipei City: Tourism and Travel Department, 2019.
- Caltonhill, Mark (4 May 2012), "富貴角 Fuguei Cape, New Taipei City", From Takow to Kaohsiung: Exploring Taiwan's History, Culture, and Languages through Its Place Names, Blogspot.