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Cape Fugui or Fugui Cape[1] is the northernmost point on Taiwan. It is in Cape Fugui National Park near Laomei Village (老梅, Lǎoméi Lǐ) in Shimen District in New Taipei.

Cape Fugui
Fugueijiao Lighthouse 20160808.jpg
Fuguijiao Lighthouse overlooking the point
Map showing the location of Cape Fugui
Map showing the location of Cape Fugui
LocationLaomei Village, Shimen District, New Taipei City, Republic of China
Coordinates25°17′58″N 121°32′13″E / 25.2995°N 121.5369°E / 25.2995; 121.5369Coordinates: 25°17′58″N 121°32′13″E / 25.2995°N 121.5369°E / 25.2995; 121.5369
DesignationNational park
Cape Fugui
Tapien Point 富貴角 - panoramio.jpg
Dapian Point (2015)
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese富貴
Simplified Chinese富贵
PostalFukwei
Literal meaningtranscription of Dutch hoek, meaning "cape"
Japanese name
Kanji富貴
Hiraganaふうきかく
Cape Fugui Park
富貴角 Fugui Cape - panoramio (1).jpg
The rocky beach at Fugui Park (2013)
Traditional Chinese富貴公園
Simplified Chinese富贵公园

Contents

NameEdit

Fùguì is the pinyin romanization of the Mandarin pronunciation of its Chinese name 富貴. These characters literally mean "Rich-&-Noble Cape" but actually transcribe the local Hokkien pronunciation Hù-kùi, used as a transliteration of the Dutch hoek ("hook; cape").[2]

In the 19th century, it was known as Foki during the period of Qing rule.[3] Under Japanese rule, it was known as Fūki Kaku from the Japanese pronunciation of the same characters. During Taiwan's brief official use of Tongyong Pinyin, it was known as Fuguei.[4]

GeographyEdit

Cape Fugui is the northernmost point of Formosa or Taiwan Island[3] and forms one end of Laomei Bay.[5]

The cape, under its Japanese name Fuki Kaku, forms part of the IHO's current definitions of the East[6][7] and South China Seas.[8] The still unapproved draft of the 4th edition of the Limits of Oceans and Seas amends the name to its pinyin form Fugui[7][9] but moves the boundary of the South China Sea from Fugui to Taiwan's southern cape Eluan.[10]

Cape Fugui is also considered part of the northern border of the Taiwan Strait.[9]

HistoryEdit

The Japanese administration erected a building on the cape in 1896[1] as the endpoint of an undersea cable.[11] It was destroyed during the Second World War. The present lighthouse was erected by the Republic of China government in 1949[1] to help guide shipping and received its present black-and-white octagonal tower in 1962.[11] It was opened to the public in 2015, but entry is only permitted on the weekends as it remains an active radar station of the Republic of China Air Force.[1]

ParkEdit

Cape Fugui or Fuguijiao Park surrounds the headland.[12] It includes a rocky beach with ventifacts (wind-shaped rocks)[12] and lush tropical vegetation.[1] There is a walking trail around the cape from Fuji Harbor (t 富基漁港, s 富基渔港, Fùjī Yúgǎng) to Laomei Village[12] and the brick Laomei Maze.[13][14] Old barracks from the Republic of China armed forces have been converted into an arts center.[11] In September and October, the park forms part of Shimen District's kite festival.[12]

TransportationEdit

The cape is about 26 km (16 mi) along Provincial Highway 2.[1] It is sometimes inaccessible because of rockslides during heavy rain, as during June 2017.[15]

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f NTC (2019), "Fugui Cape".
  2. ^ Public sign, noted by Caltonhill (2012).
  3. ^ a b EB (1879), p. 415.
  4. ^ Caltonhill (2012).
  5. ^ NTC (2019), "Fugui Cape Lighthouse".
  6. ^ IHO (1953), §50.
  7. ^ a b IHO (1986), Ch. 7.3.
  8. ^ IHO (1953), §49.
  9. ^ a b IHO (1986), Ch. 7.2.
  10. ^ IHO (1986), Ch. 6.1.
  11. ^ a b c "Taiwan's Century-Old Fugueijiao Lighthouse Opened to the Public", Want China Times, 29 September 2015, archived from the original on 27 February 2012, retrieved 14 March 2019.
  12. ^ a b c d NTC (2019), "Fuguijiao Park".
  13. ^ NTC (2019), "Laomei Maze".
  14. ^ NTC (2019), "Awesome Positive Energy! A Guide to New Taipei City's 12 Attractions to Improve Your Luck".
  15. ^ NTC (2019), "Due to recent heavy rain...".

BibliographyEdit