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Fuad Mohamed Qalaf (Somali: Fu'aad Maxamed Khalaf, Arabic: فؤاد محمد خلف‎) (born 28 March 1965), also known as Fuad Shangole,[1] is a Somali-Swedish militant Islamist. He was a senior leader of the now defunct Islamic Courts Union (ICU), and is currently a senior leader of its successor al-Shabaab.[1]


Born in Mogadishu,[citation needed] Qalaf came to Sweden as an asylum seeker in 1992 and later received Swedish citizenship.[2][3] He stayed in Sweden for twelve years, most of the time preaching as an Imam at mosque in the Rinkeby district in Stockholm (Swedish: Rinkebymoskén).[2][3][4] As such, he worked to influence young Muslims about Jihad.[2] He was openly sympathetic towards al-Qaeda and collected money towards financing the Islamic Courts Union in Somalia as well as recruiting youth to both the Islamic Courts Union and later also to al-Shabaab.[4] He was also an prolific lecturer at the Bellevue Mosque in Gothenburg.[4] In 2004, Qalaf returned to Somalia together with his family to fight with the Islamic Courts Union in the war against the Transitional Federal Government and allied Ethiopian forces.[2]

Following the conquest of Mogadishu in 2007, Qalaf went on to serve as head of the Department of Education under the new ICU-government.[2][3] The Somali human rights group Sultan Hurre Human Rights Focus also described him as a "senior leader" of ICU militant youth wing al-Shabaab.[5] After the Ethiopian invasion of Somalia in December 2006 and the subsequent fall of the ICU-government, Qalaf and other ICU leaders fled to Mecca in Saudi Arabia.[6] In April 2007 he was reported as living in Kenya.[2]

According to the Swedish news website Nyheter24, Qalaf participated in the March 2009 stoning of a thirteen-year-old Somali girl named Asho Duhalow.[7] The girl was sentenced to death according to Islamic Sharia law because she reportedly didn't follow Islamic clothing laws.[7] Later during the day, according to the same source, he also cut the hand of a Somali man who was accused of theft.[7] The man had stolen money and clothes to the value of approximately US$100.[7] In May 2014, Qalaf stated that al-Shabab fighters would carry out jihad, or holy war, in Kenya and Uganda "and afterward, with God's will, to America."[8]


  1. ^ a b Abdi, Mohamed (2009-05-06). "Somalia: Al-Shabab angered by Somali key Media Org" (in Swedish). Waagacusub Media. Archived from the original on May 11, 2009. Retrieved 2008-06-03. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  2. ^ a b c d e f Kino, Nuri (2007-04-16). "Islamistisk ledare värvade i Sverige" (in Swedish). Metro. Retrieved 2008-03-05.
  3. ^ a b c Farah, Mohamed Abdi (2006-10-11). "Somalia: abroad Somali communities urged to return home for Jihad". SomaliNet. Archived from the original on 2006-10-18. Retrieved 2006-12-27. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  4. ^ a b c Magnus Ranstorp, Filip Ahlin, Peder Hyllengren, Magnus Normark. Mellan salafism och salafistisk jihadism - Påverkan mot och utmaningar för det svenska samhället (PDF). 2018: Swedish Defence University. p. 63.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  5. ^ "Somalia: The Tough Part is Ahead". Sultan Hurre Human Rights Focus. 2007-01-26. Retrieved 2008-03-05.
  6. ^ Khalif, Abdulkadir (2007-01-29). "West 'backing the wrong horse' in Mogadishu peace initiatives". The East African. Archived from the original on February 2, 2007. Retrieved 2007-02-02. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  7. ^ a b c d Levy, Oscar (2009-05-09). "Svensk shejk hugger av tjuvens hand" (in Swedish). Nyheter24. Archived from the original on 2009-05-14. Retrieved 2008-06-03. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  8. ^ Fox news: "Somali extremist leader threatens US, Kenya, Uganda with more attacks" May 22, 2014