Frontenac Islands is a township located in Frontenac County, Ontario, Canada, that encompasses a number of islands at the beginning of the Saint Lawrence River near the outlet of Lake Ontario, including: Arabella, Bayfield, Black Ant, Garden, Goose, Hickory, Horseshoe, Howe, Wolfe and Simcoe.
|Township of Frontenac Islands|
Satellite view of Frontenac Islands, with Wolfe Island being the largest
|• Mayor||Dennis Doyle|
|• Federal riding||Kingston and the Islands|
|• Prov. riding||Kingston and the Islands|
|• Land||175.04 km2 (67.58 sq mi)|
|• Density||10.1/km2 (26/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
The township was formed in 1998 when Howe Island Township and Wolfe Island Township were merged as part of the county's reorganization.
Of the several islands that make up Frontenac Islands, only three (Wolfe Island, Howe Island, and Simcoe Island ranked in descending order of year-round resident population) have substantial permanent resident populations, and regularly-scheduled or on-demand marine ferry service provides year-round vehicle and emergency services access to those islands.
The other islands are accessible only by private boat to privately-owned docks. Some of these islands have substantial numbers of home and cottage structures, but are generally not populated during the winter months when ice build-up in Lake Ontario and the St. Lawrence River make boat access difficult or impossible.
Only Wolfe Island has a recognizable concentrated settlement: the village of Marysville, with around 400 inhabitants. The rest of the population is dispersed, mostly in lot groupings on or near the island shoreline, but with some housing found along the interior roads on either farm properties or on smaller non-farming lot severances.
In the Nineteenth Century, the islands had much larger populations. Small population clusters were also found in the Port Alexandria, Port Metcalf and Scotch Settlement areas, all on Wolfe Island. These communities are now no more than names on the map.
Note: There were no "villages" at Port Alexandria, Port Metcalf or the Scotch Settlement. The Scotch Settlement was a farming area encompassing approximately 3,000 acres which was settled in the 1820s by Scottish clansmen moving west from Glengarry county.
Community groups and organizationsEdit
There are several community groups and organizations in Frontenac Islands. On Wolfe Island, these include the Wolfe Island Business and Tourism Association (WIBTA), the Community Medical Clinic, and the Wolfe Island Historical Society.
|Canada census – Frontenac Islands community profile|
|Population:||1,760 (-5.6% from 2011)||1,864 (+0.1% from 2006)||1,862 (+13.7% from 2001)|
|Land area:||175.04 km2 (67.58 sq mi)||175.04 km2 (67.58 sq mi)||174.99 km2 (67.56 sq mi)|
|Population density:||10.1/km2 (26/sq mi)||10.6/km2 (27/sq mi)||10.6/km2 (27/sq mi)|
|Median age:||55.9 (M: 56.0, F: 55.8)||50.5 (M: 50.4, F: 50.6)||49.1 (M: 48.8, F: 49.2)|
|Total private dwellings:||1,273||1,256||1,282|
|Median household income:||$80,512||$66,965|
|References: 2016 2011 2006 earlier|
- Private dwellings occupied by usual residents: 783 (total dwellings: 1282)
- Mother tongue:
- English as first language: 93.6%
- French as first language: 0.5%
- English and French as first language: 0%
- Other as first language: 5.9%
Populations prior to amalgamation (1998):
- Total Population in 1996: 1,661
- Howe Island (township): 481
- Wolfe Island (township): 1,180
- Population in 1991:
- Howe Island (township): 419
- Wolfe Island (township): 1,097
- "Frontenac Islands, Ontario (Code 3510005) census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-02-13.
- "Census Profile, 2016 Census: Frontenac Islands, Township". Statistics Canada. Retrieved June 13, 2019.
- "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 21, 2017. Retrieved 2019-06-13.
- "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2012-02-13.
- "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-02-13.
- "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
- Statistics Canada 2006 Census - Frontenac Islands community profile
- Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006 census