Socialist Forces Front
The Socialist Forces Front (Berber languages: Tirni Iɣallen Inemlayen (RƔN); French: Front des Forces Socialistes (FFS); Arabic: جبهة القوى الاشتراكية) is a social democratic and secularist political party, mainly supported by Berbers and Kabyles in Algeria. The FFS is a member of the Socialist International and the Progressive Alliance.
|First National Secretary||Youcef Aouchiche|
|Founded||29 September 1963|
|Split from||National Liberation Front|
|National affiliation||Forces of the Democratic Alternative|
|International affiliation||Progressive Alliance|
|Colours||Sky blue (customary) |
|Council of the Nation|
4 / 144
|People's National Assembly|
14 / 462
|People's Provincial Assemblies|
63 / 2,004
64 / 1,540
|People's Municipal Assemblies|
897 / 24,786
History and profileEdit
Estrablishment and rebellionEdit
The party was formed by Hocine Ait Ahmed on 29 September 1963 in the city of Tizi-Ouzou to oppose Ben Bella's government. Following the party's creation, a number of towns in Kabylia gave them their support. The Ben Bella government, aided by the Armée de Libération nationale, swiftly took control of the dissident towns during a mostly bloodless confrontation. Preferring to avoid direct conflict, the FFS and its soldiers retracted into the mountains from where they could launch guerrilla tactics.
The 1963 conflict resulted in two years of armed confrontation in the region, leaving more than four hundred dead, and most of the FLN leaders from Kabylia and the eastern provinces either executed or forced into exile.
Party legalization (1991)Edit
The party was legalised in 1990. It however boycotted the 2002 and 2007 legislative elections and the 2009 presidential election "calling it systematic electoral fraud in favour of the ruling parties".
2012 legislative electionEdit
Though former Prime Minister Sid Ahmed Ghozali urged a boycott on the grounds that the election would be "a foregone conclusion", the party decided to participate in the 2012 legislative election. Apart from international monitors being invited to observe the process, Algerian Workers' Party leader Louisa Hanoune, a quite successful candidate to the 2009 presidential elections, had announced to work towards an alliance of the two parties.
Hocine Aït Ahmed wrote to the Council of the Nation saying that "participation in these elections is a tactical necessity for the FFS, which falls in line with (its) construction strategy of peaceful democratic alternative to this despotic regime, corrupt and destructive. [The purpose of the party] does not lie in a quota of seats to reach [but] in mobilising political[ly] and peaceful[ly] in our party and our people." With an electoral result of mere 2.47%, the party reached 27 seats making it the second-largest opposition power after the Islamist Green Algeria Alliance.
- Augustus Richard Norton (2001). Civil society in the Middle East. 2 (2001). BRILL. p. 83. ISBN 90-04-10469-0. Retrieved 13 September 2014.
- "Leftist Parties of Algeria". Broad Left. Retrieved 7 May 2016.
- Le Saout, Didier; Rollinde, Marguerite (1999). Émeutes et Mouvements sociaux au Maghreb. Karthala. p. 46. ISBN 978-2-865-37998-9.
- "Algérie : le FFS ira aux législatives". Le Figaro. Retrieved on 10 May 2012.
- Le FFS ira aux élections : « le boycott du prochain scrutin ne constitue pas un meilleur choix que la participation » Archived 24 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine. Siwel.info. Retrieved on 10 May 2012.
- L'Expression – Le Quotidien – Louisa Hanoune candidate à Alger. Lexpressiondz.com. Retrieved on 10 May 2012.