Front Populaire station

Front Populaire (French pronunciation: [fʁɔ̃ pɔpylɛːʁ]) is a station on Line 12 of the Paris Métro. Located in Aubervilliers on the border with Saint-Denis, the station is named in honour of Front Populaire, a coalition of left-wing parties that governed France from 1936 to 1938. It was the 301st station to open, opening on 18 December 2012 as the new northern terminus of line 12.

Aubervilliers - Saint-Denis
Front Populaire
Paris Métro
Paris Métro station
General information
Other namesProudhon–Gardinoux (during planning)
LocationAubervilliers/Saint-Denis, Seine-Saint-Denis
Coordinates48°54′24″N 2°21′58″E / 48.9068°N 2.3660°E / 48.9068; 2.3660
Owned byRATP
Operated byRATP
Line(s)Paris Métro Paris Métro Line 12
Platforms2 (2 side platforms)
Other information
Station codeFPO
Fare zone2
Opened18 December 2012 (2012-12-18)
1,948,542 (2021)[1]
Preceding station Paris Métro Paris Métro Following station
Porte de la Chapelle Line 12 Aimé Césaire
Aubervilliers - Saint-Denis Front Populaire is located in Paris
Aubervilliers - Saint-Denis Front Populaire
Aubervilliers - Saint-Denis
Front Populaire
Location within Paris

History edit

Construction in July 2012

Line 12 began operating on 5 November 1910 from Porte de Versailles to Notre-Dame-de-Lorette. During its construction, an extension to the north was planned and provisions were made at the end of the tunnels. These provisions were used in the 1960s for the construction of the A1 autoroute, putting an end to the possibility of using it for the line's extension.[2]

Towards the end of the 1990s, when the fourth Contrat de plan État-région (2000-2006) was released, an extension of line 12 was included in the plan to provide métro service to the communes of Saint-Denis and Aubervilliers. Consultations began in 2001 and public inquiries were conducted from 10 June 2003 until 11 July 2003 to determine the construction details and location of the station, with the declaration of public utility occurring on 8 June 2004.[3] The station was part of the Paris bid for the 2012 Summer Olympics.[4]

Construction edit

Construction broke ground on 25 June 2008.[5] The station was built by open-air excavation sheltered by diaphragm walls where the walls were built before excavation of the station box to prevent the ground from collapsing inwards. By the end of 2009, the platform walls and mezzanine were completed.[6] On 15 July 2010, the tunnel boring machine, Élodie, reached the station from pont de Stains, then continuing its way towards Boulevard Périphérique, where the exit shaft was located in September 2010.[7] In order to enter the station, a submerged drilling technique was employed; the station was flooded before the tunnel boring machine pierced a specially designed watertight diaphragm wall. The first escalator was installed on 3 February 2012.

Opening edit

The station opened as part of the first phase of the extension of line 12 from Porte de la Chapelle to Mairie d’Aubervilliers on 18 December 2012, although the tunnels had already been completed to Mairie d’Aubervilliers.[8] The station was the northern terminus of line 12 until the second phase of the extension to Mairie d'Aubervilliers opened on 31 May 2022.[9][10]

In 2019, the station was used by 2,802,852 passengers, making it the 190th busiest of the Métro network out of 302 stations.[11] In 2021, the station was used by 1,948,542 passengers, making it the 183rd busiest of the Métro network out of 305 stations.[12]

Naming edit

During development and construction, the station was known as Proudhon–Gardinoux, after Rue Proudhon (named for Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, the "father of anarchism") and Rue des Gardinoux.[13]

In 2011, Syndicat des transports d'Île-de-France agreed that the station would be known as Front Populaire, named after the nearby Place du Front Populaire in Aubervilliers. This would honour Front Populaire, a coalition of left-wing parties that governed France from 1936 to 1938.[13]

The station has a subtitle of Aubervilliers - Saint-Denis, denoting its location on the border between the two communes.

Passenger services edit

As with all new metro stations since 1992, the station is fully accessible.

Access edit

The station has 3 accesses:

  • Access 1: rue Léon Blum (with a lift)
  • Access 2: rue Waldeck Rochet Campus Condorcet
  • Access 3: avenue George Sand

Station layout edit

Street Level
B1 Mezzanine
Platform level Side platform, doors will open on the right
Southbound     toward Mairie d'Issy (Porte de la Chapelle)
Northbound     toward Mairie d'Aubervilliers (Aimé Césaire)
Side platform, doors will open on the right

Platforms edit

The station has a standard configuration with 2 tracks surrounded by 2 side platforms.

Other connections edit

The station is also served by lines 139, 239, and 302 of the RATP bus network. The station could also be served in the future by Île-de-France tramway Line 8 when it is extended from Saint-Denis–Porte de Paris to Rosa Parks.

Gallery edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Trafic annuel entrant par station du réseau ferré 2021". (in French). Retrieved 8 October 2022.
  2. ^ "Prolongement à Mairie d'Aubervilliers". (in French). Archived from the original on 2 June 2014. Retrieved 8 October 2022.
  3. ^ "Ligne 12 prolongements de Porte de la Chapelle à Front Populaire (phase 1) / Front Populaire à Mairie d'Aubervilliers (phase 2) - Département: 75/93". (in French). Archived from the original on 29 June 2013.
  4. ^ Paris 2012 ville candidate = Paris 2012 Candidate City / Comité de candidature Paris 2012 (in English and French), vol. 3, Paris: Comité de candidature Paris 2012, 2004, p. 129, retrieved 2024-03-11
  5. ^ "Percée au nord". (in French). Archived from the original on 5 December 2008.
  6. ^ "en chemin numéro 2". (in French). 9 September 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 November 2021.
  7. ^ ""Elodie" est arrivée à Front Populaire". (in French). Archived from the original on 5 May 2013.
  8. ^ "Conseil du STIF du 10 octobre 2012. Communiqué de synthèse" (PDF). STIF (in French). 10 October 2012. Retrieved 8 October 2022.
  9. ^ "The Aimé-Césaire metro station inaugurated in Paris". France-Antilles. Paris, France. May 31, 2022. Retrieved May 31, 2022.
  10. ^ Samyde, Jean-Claude (26 January 2022). "Paris : la station de métro "Aimé Césaire", sur la ligne 12, bientôt livrée". Martinique la 1ère (in French). Retrieved 8 October 2022.
  11. ^ "Trafic annuel entrant par station du réseau ferré 2019". (in French). Archived from the original on 21 January 2022. Retrieved 8 October 2022.
  12. ^ "Trafic annuel entrant par station du réseau ferré 2021". (in French). Retrieved 8 October 2022.
  13. ^ a b "Could Paris End Up With a Metro Station Named After Serge Gainsbourg?". 2013-04-12. Retrieved 2024-03-11.